Difference between Acid and Base
Acids and bases are commonly used terms in chemistry. These chemical compounds are helpful in determining the acidic base in a chemical. It is interesting to know that both acids and bases are essential for carrying out an experiment. Now, let us discuss as to what acids and bases mean.
An acid is defined as a chemical substance that is capable of dissolving metal, burning skin, and clothes. The pH value of acid can be 7 or less than that. In chemical terms, an acid is an ion that forms an electron pair along with a proton. Some commonly used acids are lactic acid and citric acid. These acids are present in lemon, oranges, etc.
On the other hand, bases are the substances that react with the acids to form a chemical bond. There are three kinds of bonds in chemistry, namely the Arrhenius base, Bronsted base, and Lewis base. Many scientists have given several definitions of bases depending upon their researches and experiments. Some examples of strong bases are metal oxide, alkoxide, and hydroxide. There are three types of bases, i.e., strong bases, solid bases, and weak bases. Each base has its own importance in a chemical bond. Now, you must be wondering as to what are the various points of contrast between acids and bases. So, let us discuss some points.
So, these are the striking points of contrast between an acid and base. Acids and bases are essential for every chemical experiment. Both acids and bases react differently when they are mixed with different chemical compounds and water. As already mentioned above, there are several kinds of acids and bases. So, let us take a look.
1. Strong Acid: A strong acid is defined as the one that separates itself in water, i.e., the ions of the strong acids are separated in water. There are different types of strong acids namely:
2. Weak Acid: A weak acid is defined as an acid that partially separates its ions in water. Apart from the acids mentioned above, all other acids are weak acids. Weak acids are formed through a combination of halogen and hydrogen. The list of some weak acids are as follows:
So, these are the two main kinds of acids. Now, let us discuss some significant types of bases.
1. Strong Bases: A strong base is defined as a base that separates its ions in water. These kinds of bases are capable of removing protons from weak acids. Some of the strong bases include:
2. Weak Bases: Weak bases are defined as bases that are completely separated in water. Examples of weak bases include ammonia, trimethyl ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, pyridine, etc.
3. Super Base: The base that is formed with the help of an alkali metal is known as a super base. Examples of super bases include sodium hydride (NaH), rubidium hydroxide (RbOH), Barium Hydroxide (BA(OH)2), etc.
4. Solid Base: Solid bases are used in anion exchanges. As the name suggests, these kinds of bases are present in solid forms. They react with the acids that are in gaseous states. Two major examples of solid bases include sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and Silicon Dioxide (SiO2)
So, these are some types of chemical bases. Out of the above-mentioned bases, strong bases, weak bases, and solid bases are majorly used for experiments. Acids and bases possess certain properties and characteristics. So, let us discuss some traits of acids and bases.
Characteristics of Bases:
Characteristics of Acids:
So, these are some of the properties of acids and bases. Acids and bases are essential parts of every experiment and research. Many chemical bonds are formed through these acids and bases. However, before performing any experiment, one must be fully aware of the characteristics and properties of both. Thus, acids and bases are important for forming various covalent bonds.