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Adjective Clause Examples

A dependent or subordinate sentence lacks a complete thought but still has a subject and a verb or verb phrase. So, it is unable to function as a whole sentence. Noun clause, adjective clause, and adverb clause are all examples of dependent clauses. How can you make a noun in your sentence more specific? You can use adjective clauses to add more context to your nouns and to change up the structure of your sentences. Take a glance at these adjective clause examples to see how they fit into various sentence patterns.

Adjective Clause Examples

Adjectives are presumably already familiar to you. They add a description or detail to nouns and pronouns. Adjective clauses are also referred to as relative clauses. These are word groups that include the subject and the verb and add more detail.

What is An Adjective Clause?

The dependent clauses are known as adjective clauses. These change the nouns or pronouns just like an adjective does. Words like that, when, where, who, whom, whose, which, and why start an adjective clause.

The information provided by an essential (or restrictive) adjective phrase is crucial for recognizing the word it changes. The meaning of the word is already evident, but a nonrestrictive (or non-necessary) adjective phrase adds more details about it. Commas always separate clauses that are not essential.

Always remember to utilize 'that' for the essential clause and 'which' for non-essential clause when considering whether to utilize the word that or which in the adjective clauses:

Essential clause:

The painting session that Andra takes emphasizes on Pencil.

(The adjective clause in the sentence is that Andra takes' It is an essential adjective clause. It includes the verb takes and the subject Andra. The sentence changes the noun session and provides the relevant details. )

Nonessential clause:

The residence on the right, which pertains to Danielle, is up for sale.

The nonessential adjectival clause "which pertains to Danielle" is used. It includes the subject which and the verb pertains. The clause adds more, nonessential, or additional information about the noun residence by modifying it.)

So the adjective clauses commence with the below-mentioned subordinating conjunctions (relative pronouns) :

  • Who
  • Whom
  • Whose
  • That
  • Which
  • Why
  • Where
  • When.

Adjective Clause Examples with Explanation

Now after understanding the meaning and purpose of adjectives, and adjective clauses, let us see a few examples.

Adjective clause examples can help one better understand the concept. So here are some of the adjective clause examples ;

1. The individual who resides next to my mansion is a champion boxer.

The adjective clause that follows and modifies the noun "individual" is "who resides next to my mansion. "

2. I adore the novel that my dad gifted me for my last anniversary.

The adjectival clause that is changing the noun novel is "that my dad gifted me for my last anniversary. "

3. Designers haven't been to Uae, which is one of their dream destinations to go.

"which is one of their dream destinations to go.. is the adjective clause that sits next to the noun "Uae" and gives details about it:

However, in this instance, it is providing nonessential information about the noun it is changing, which is why it is offset with a comma. Uae is a proper name and may be identified without any modifications.

4. Mr. Jacob is the educator who aided me with my arithmetic operations.

(who aided me with my arithmetic operations is an adjective clause. It includes the verb aided and the subject who. The clause alters the noun educator. )

5. The poor weather is the reason why I chose to cycle rather than stroll.

(why I chose to cycle rather than stroll is a dependent or adjective clause. It includes the subject I and the verb chose. The sentence alters the noun reason. )

6. Bella is a woman whose parents owned a cattle farm.

Whose parents owned a cattle farm is an adjective clause. Also, the sentence contains the verb owned and the subject parents. The sentence changes the noun woman )

7. This is the garden where we can roam the animals.

(In this sentence, an adjective clause is where we can roam the animals. It includes the subject we and the verb phrase can roam. The clause changes the noun garden. )

8. Do you recall the moment when we nearly missed the bridal expo ?

In this sentence, when we nearly missed the bridal expo is the adjective clause. It has the subject we and verb missed. The clause changes the noun moment. )

9. Girish proceeded to the workshop where he takes boxing classes.

(where he takes boxing classes is an adjective clause. It has the verb takes and the subject he. The clause alters the noun workshop. )

10. Jackie, who is Maddy's older sister, just came from a trip to Costa Rica.

(The adjectival phrase 'who is Maddy's older sister'. It has the verb is and the subject who. The clause alters the noun Jackie. )

11. Tuesday is the day when I have my dentist's consultation.

When I have my dentist's appointment is the adjective clause. It comprises the subject I and verb have. The clause alters the noun day.

Adjective Clause Examples

Adjective Clause Examples

Adjective clauses typically only add more information to a sentence without altering its fundamental meaning. Look at these sentences that have the adjective clause bolded.

  1. Bread, which most fans enjoy, is not very nutritious.
  2. Those individuals whose names are on the listwill come to the village.
  3. Grandfather recalls the old times when there was no tv.
  4. Apples that are sourced locallyare costly.
  5. Pupils who study hardget better marks.
  6. Efficient and environmentally cars, which mainly run on electricity, benefit the environment.
  7. I know somebody whose uncle served in Kargil War.
  8. The puffing noise, which is extremely frustrating, is the primary reason Susan does not enjoy eating spaghetti with her sister.
  9. The students who were admittedfirst have the best chances of finding a space.
  10. I enjoy asking folks about Jennifer, whose recent novel was brilliant.
  11. The shop where the smart smartphone was being auctionedhad a big line of individuals outside it.

A comma should be used to separate nonessential adjective clauses (clauses that can be deleted without the reader's understanding being affected). Adjective clauses that are necessary to a sentence's meaning cannot be omitted, and commas do not separate them.

Reducing Adjective Clauses to Phrases

It is also possible to reduce an adjective sentence with the subject pronouns (which, that, or who) into the adjective phrases.

How to Make an Adjective Clause Shorter

There are two techniques to shorten an adjective clause :

  • Leave out the verb and subject pronoun.
  • The subject pronoun should be removed, and the verb should now end in "ing. "
Adjective Clause Examples

Examples Of Adjective Clauses That Were Converted to Adjective Phrases

Examine several samples of adjective clauses to assist you in writing an adjective phrase:

Adjective Clause: The novels that were purchased from the shop must be distributed.

Adjective Phrase: The novels purchased from the shop must be distributed.

Adjective Clause: The kid who is leading the line is my best classmate.

Adjective Phrase: The kid leading the line is my best classmate.

Adjective Clause: Her share of the funds, which comprised Rs.100,000, was given to her on Sunday.

Adjective Phrase: Her share of the funds, comprised of Rs.100,000, was given to her on Sunday.

Adjective Clause: Anything that stinks bad may be decayed.

Adjective Phrase: Anything stinking bad may be decayed.

Kinds Of Adjective Clauses

There are two different categories of adjective clauses in English, depending on the kind of details they provide:

  1. Essential adjective clauses
  2. Nonessential adjective clauses

Essential Adjective Clause

Dependent clauses that add crucial or defining details to the nouns or pronouns are known as essential adjective clauses. They do not refer to a proper or particular noun or pronoun. Due to the fact that it provides crucial details about the noun or pronoun, it changes, and an essential adjective phrase is crucial to the sentence's meaning.


  1. I don't know anybody who can train my kids in swimming.
  2. Individuals who can manage their time live a very comfortable life.
  3. We are looking for a place where we can eat calmly.
  4. I know the cause why he parted ways with you.
  5. That was the time when he got engaged.
  6. The parcel that you purchased yesterday was fantastic.
  7. I still have the sheet that she had given me on my birthday.

Now try and read these statements without the adjective clauses. The sentences will have a very different meanings altogether. Essential adjective clauses are also known as the defining adjective clauses.

Nonessential Clauses

Dependent clauses called nonessential adjective clauses, add nonessential or non-defining information to a noun or pronoun. These are spaced using commas since the noun, or pronoun they specify is proper (already identified).

Adjective clauses that are not necessary are also referred to as non-defining clauses.

  1. Last November, we went on a holiday to Manali, which is a lovely place.
  2. Smith, who is the title holder on the team, got jailed last evening.
  3. Helen doesn't even know Mex, whose backpack she has taken away.
  4. Paul, who is a professional comedian, is returning to India after two decades.
  5. After all the traveling and purchasing, we decided against visiting the Qutub Minar, which is a well-known landmark.
  6. Bananas, which I regularly eat, are used in many recipes.

(Please remember that although "banana's" is a common noun, we are placing the commas prior and post the adjective phrase because it only makes an observation about them and doesn't specify which bananas the speaker is referring to.)

It is important to remember that these adjective clauses only provide extra information that helps make a sentence more interesting and meaningful. Because the nouns or pronouns they are modifying have already been identified or specified, they do not provide any necessary information about them.

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