What is the full form of ADR
ADR: American Depository Receipt
ADR stands for American Depository Receipt. This term is used in the context of stock markets. It is a receipt or certificate that represents shares of a foreign stock. It is issued by a U.S. bank to a person who is interested in buying shares of a foreign stock or non-US Company through U.S. stock exchange. ADR was introduced in 1927 to offer U.S. investors an easier way to buy stocks of foreign companies.
ADR is issued and pays dividend in U.S. dollars which allows domestic investors to own shares of a foreign company without the hassle of currency conversion. It also helps foreign companies attract American investors by trading on U.S. stock exchanges. The shares represented by an ADR are called American depositary shares (ADSs).
How does it work?
ADRs are shares of a foreign company owned and issued by a U.S. Bank. The U.S. banks buy the shares of a foreign company then sell these shares on the stock exchanges of the U.S. (NYSE, NASDAQ and AMEX) in the form of ADRs. Each receipt has a certain number of underlying shares (one or more) in a foreign corporation. The investors who want to buy the shares of a foreign company can buy these receipts. So, ADRs are traded just like shares which can be purchased through the stock exchanges of the U.S.
ADR Benefits for Foreign Companies:
ADR Benefits for Investors: