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Advantages and Disadvantages of Mechatronics

The Japanese engineer "coined" the word mechatronics in 1969 by combining "mecha" from mechanics and "Tronics" from electronics.

The term currently refers to a concept in engineering technology where mechanical engineering, electronics, and intelligent computer control are coordinated and simultaneously created for application in the design and manufacture of goods and procedures. Consequently, many mechanical functions in mechatronics devices have been replaced with electrical ones, and they now perform much better than before. This leads to more flexibility, simple redesign and reprogramming, and automatic data collecting and reporting capabilities.

A mechatronics system is more than just the union of electrical and mechanical systems or the control system; it combines several technical areas in which the system's design is carried out concurrently.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Mechatronics

Mechatronics: What is it?

People and industries are adopting an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to engineering designs in creating autos, robotics, mechanical tools, washing machines, cameras, and many more devices. If more affordable, dependable, adaptable, or customizable systems are to be built, integration beyond the conventional boundaries of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronics engineering, and control engineering must occur very early in the design process.

Instead of building, for example, a mechanical system and designing the electrical component and the computer portion, mechatronics must incorporate a simultaneous approach to various disciplines. Mechatronics is an engineering design philosophy that takes an integrated approach. The field of technology known as mechatronics unites drive and actuation systems, sensors and measurement systems, microprocessor systems, and the study of system behaviour and control systems. Think of a situation,

The mechatronics system consists of thermostatically regulated heaters. The recognized reference temperature is the system's input, and the system's actual temperature is the output. When the thermostat notices that the system's output is lower than its input, heat is generated by the furnace until the enclosure's temperature reaches the reference temperature. The furnace is then abruptly shut off. Here, the thermostat's bimetallic strip serves as informatics by automatically turning the switch on or off. The heater is an electrical system, but the lever-type switch is a mechanical mechanism. To handle complexity and unpredictability, mechatronics combines sensors, actuators, signal conditioning power electronics, decision and control algorithms, and computer hardware and software.

According to the mechatronics forum, an exact and widespread definition is as follows. "Mechatronics is the synergistic fusion of mechanical engineering with electronics and the intelligent control algorithms in the design and manufacturing of the process of the product," according to the definition given by Wikipedia.

To face competitive difficulties in the technological era, manufacturers must use current, developed technology with better capabilities. Mechatronics, a new interdisciplinary field, has drawn the attention of manufacturers, engineers, developers, researchers, and academics.

The mechatronics discipline, which has become a buzzword for product design, has gained recognition in the technology industry around the globe. Mechatronics, photonics, computation, and communication are all synergistically integrated into complex and multidisciplinary sophisticated technological design. Thus, an understanding of discrete fundamentals that have previously been created would be necessary for both technological advancement and innovation. Integration based only on logic is known as synergistic integration. The absence of knowledge and expertise in multidisciplinary subjects and approaches has made technology design a high-risk activity.

Japanese technocrats, including control system integrators, consumer electronics makers, university academics, etc., developed the idea. Later, engineers from Scandinavian America and Europe learned about the importance and relevance of the design of the electromechanical system and in other noteworthy application areas.

Synergistic is a critical concept in the creation of the mechatronics course syllabus. The mechatronics engineer does not need to study a specific mechanical, electrical, computer, or electronics engineering area but rather the entire field, thanks to synergistic integration. This is because some topics are unnecessary regarding the design and manufacturing of items.

Mechatronics has gone through several stages of development that are generally described in terms of the following:

1. Primary Level Mechatronics

At the fundamental control levels, this level includes I/O devices like sensors and actuators that combine electrical signals with mechanical action. Examples are fluid valves and relays that operate electrically.

2. Secondary Stage Mechatronics

At this level, microelectronics are integrated into electrically operated devices.

3. Advanced mechanical engineering

This level raises the level of sophistication of the intelligent system by including sophisticated feedback functions in the control strategy. The control approach uses microelectronics, microprocessors, and other "application-specific integrated circuits" (ASIC). For instance, electrical motors used to operate industrial robots, hard drives, CD drives, and automated washing machines are controlled by ASICs.

4. Fourth-level mechatronics

The mechatronics system at this level contains intelligent control and introduces systems capable of fault isolation and detection (FDI).

Sensors, measuring systems, drives, actuation systems, microprocessor systems, and software engineering are all integrated into mechatronics systems. A microprocessor comprises several memory cells and logic gates, the software's logical operation. Numerous mass-produced devices, including washing machines, microwave ovens, cameras, vibrating tables, and watches, have been improved because of the use of mechatronics.

Applications of Mechatronics

1. ABS ( Anti-lock Braking System )

Since the braking system is essential to the automobile industry, the initial mechatronics applications are typically found there. The brake system in a product's construction must get careful consideration by manufacturers.

This is what finally resulted in the development of ABS, also known as the anti-lock braking system; ABS is one of the mechatronics applications, and ABS is a device built into a vehicle that aids in keeping the driver safe while they are driving, even on slick roads or when making an early delivery.

Even if the driver stops abruptly and forcefully, the car's wheels won't lock up, thanks to ABS technology. Driving will be safer for you with ABS technology.

2. ESP ( Electronic Stability Program )

One of the effects of the advancement of technology's sophistication is the automobile industry. Each vehicle product is safer and more pleasant thanks to a variety of cutting-edge technology that supports them.

Electronic stability control is one of the aspects that makes use of the mechatronic concept. This technology, which is part of a computerized system, plays a crucial role in enhancing security in terms of vehicle control by using sensors that can identify and reduce slippage. As a result, this program always makes sure the car is under control.

3. Motor Control System

The motor management system is the subsequent application of mechatronics. This integrated system, controlled by a single item known as an electronic control unit or ECU, regulates and manages the complete performance of the machine.

Because of the comprehensive computerization of the machine's data, it can be regulated and constantly operates at its finest. All machine parts in this technique use sensors as inputs, which the electronic control unit subsequently processes.

Advantages of Mechatronics

  1. Mechatronics improves the features and functionality of the system.
  2. Increase output efficiency by giving the system additional intelligence.
  3. It increases dependability, product size, and design time.
  4. A mechanical system is less dependable than a mechatronic system.
  5. It lowers the cost of the system.
  6. Trials for quick progress.
  7. The potential for adaptation.
  8. Simpler Mechanical design.
  9. Quick machine assembly.
  10. Quick thermal reaction.

Disadvantages of Mechatronics

  1. Increase in component failures.
  2. More difficult safety concerns.
  3. Various specialities are needed.
  4. Increasing electricity needs.
  5. The initial system investment is substantial.
  6. Unfit for small-scale business.
  7. The temperature range is constrained.
  8. Self-heating may have an impact on the system's accuracy.

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