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Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A malicious program, script, macro, or piece of code known as a "computer virus" is intended to harm a computer system, steal sensitive data, alter data, send emails, display messages, or perform a combination of these actions.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

When the virus is executed, it spreads itself inside or on top of data files, software, the hard drive's boot sector, and other writable media. The writers obtain access to a host machine via social engineering, zero-day vulnerabilities, or knowledge of security flaws to propagate the infection.

Different types of Virus

1. File Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A form of malware known as a "file-infecting virus" targets executable files to destroy or render them useless permanently. A virus that affects files replaces code or adds infected code to executable files. Numerous operating systems, including Macintosh, Windows, and Unix, are susceptible to this virus infection.

2. Boot Sector Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

Boot sector viruses are computer programs that can infect a disc's partition table or boot sector. These viruses frequently infect computers when they are started using contaminated floppy discs; the boot attempt does not have to be successful for the virus to infect the computer's hard drive. Boot sector viruses often try to infect every disc accessed on an infected system once a computer has been infected. In most cases, boot sector infections can be eliminated.

3. Macrovirus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A particular kind of computer virus known as a "macrovirus" was developed using the same macro language used to create the software it infects. Macro viruses can infect any operating system since they target software rather than systems, and they are typically seen in word processors such as Microsoft Word and Excel.

4. Source Code Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A source code virus is a computer virus that targets source code and attempts to corrupt it. It might disable an application or operating system, take over a machine for a specific use, or cause errors to appear on the system. These kinds of viruses are uncommon, although they exist in the wild. Because their source code is sometimes unintelligible by humans and thus can be challenging to fix, they can occasionally be challenging to combat.

5. Polymorphic Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A complex computer infection that impacts several data kinds and operations is called a polymorphic virus. It is a virus that encrypts itself to evade scanners. The polymorphic virus replicates itself after infection by making useable copies of itself that have been slightly altered.

In computing, polymorphism refers to the ability of a single definition to be applied to many data sets. Brute-force programs must be created to combat and detect the polymorphic virus with innovative variant configurations for scanners to detect this sort of infection.

6. Encrypted Virus

Encrypting viruses is a type of computer virus that can pose serious issues. Computer systems are essential to everyday life across the entire planet. Encrypting viruses are among the most dangerous because, once your device has been infected, they may start encrypting all of the private and important documents and files stored on it, rendering them useless and unreadable, or they may be deleted, resulting in data loss or an automatic factory reset, which may include the deletion of all accounts and all of the important information. Both of these outcomes are considered to be data losses.

7. Stealth Computer Virus

A stealth computer virus hides in the background and targets operating system processes while evading standard antivirus or anti-malware scanning. To prevent detection, stealth viruses are skilled at hiding in files, partitions, and boot regions.

8. Tunneling Virus

A virus that tries to intercept antivirus software before it can identify dangerous code is known as a tunneling virus. To avoid detection, a tunneling virus first launches itself behind antivirus software and then goes to the operating system's interruption handlers and intercepts them.

9. Resident Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A resident virus is a particular kind of computer infection that lurks in a computer's memory and activates whenever the operating system performs a specific operation to infect files on the computer. To infect files on the computer, a resident virus is a computer virus that embeds itself into the device's memory and activates whenever the operating system carries out a particular task.

10. Multipartite Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A multipartite virus that spreads quickly targets the boot sector and executable files simultaneously using boot infectors or file infectors. Most viruses damage the system, the boot sector, or the application files. The multipartite virus has the potential to cause more damage than any other virus due to its ability to concurrently infect program files and the boot sector.

11. Browser Hijacker

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

A browser hijacker is defined as "unwanted software that changes a web browser's settings without the user's permission." The end consequence is the introduction of unwanted advertising into the browser and, in certain cases, substituting the hijacker website for the browser's default home page or search engine. To increase the hijacker's advertising revenue, the plan is to force visitors to visit specific websites whether they want to or not. Additionally, spyware that collects banking information and other sensitive data may be included in browser hijackers.

Symptoms of Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus
  • Over a few days or a week, the speed of the computer or web browser can significantly be decreased.
  • Regular crashing or freezing.
  • Modified or removed files
  • Unremembered installation/creation of new desktop icons or apps
  • Applications running without your permission
  • Programs that end without your permission
  • Modifications to your security settings
  • Unusual emails or social media posts made to a big audience without your consent.
  • Pop-up ads: Since they are often blocked by default in most browsers, if you are seeing them, something has modified the settings (or you have otherwise explicitly allowed pop-ups)
  • Without your intervention, your default search engine was modified.
  • Browser links lead to the wrong web page.

Advantages of Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus
  1. To make money and become more well-known, many programmers have devoted their careers to creating viruses and their countermeasures.
  2. If the system is significantly infected, you might also have to pay the PC professional to reformat it.
  3. Many financial and educational institutions use viruses to prevent online hackers and scanners.

Disadvantages of Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

1. Slower Operating Speed

Background programs slow down a computer's speed. A decline in performance is unavoidable because viruses are built to operate in the background and carry out several tasks. You may have a virus if it takes a long time for your Mac to start or access apps.

2. Loss of Software Functionality

  • A virus may change your computer's system after it infects it, allowing you to access features you previously couldn't. Even if you now have antivirus software installed, it's entirely possible that you won't be able to do so in the future.
  • The virus will probably make it impossible for any program to find and eliminate the problem it has brought on. The virus's designers do not want you to be able to remove it.
  • Corruption of softwares and drivers.
  • It causes computer stress.

Ways to Protect Computer Systems from Virus

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

Install an Antivirus Program

The best course of action is to have trustworthy antivirus software whether or not you are connected to the Internet. Make sure you are secured as soon as you turn on that computer. Antivirus applications only require a small financial outlay and are completely worth it.

Install Anti-spyware and Anti-malware Programs

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

Many of these tools are free and guard against viruses damaging your computer. They must be continuously updated and run, but when utilized properly, they are effective.

Avoid Suspicious Websites

A lot of the time, websites warn you before you enter the one that tries to install or launch a program on your computer, but this is only sometimes the case. Avoid websites like those.

Never open email attachments without Screening them

Email is still the most popular method for virus transmission. To avoid infecting your computer with malware, select an email service provider that mandates that all attachments be screened before opening. Too many people open any attachment in their work email inbox without thinking twice because they instinctively believe it is safe.

What Is an Antivirus?

Although there were computer viruses before that, the idea of antivirus software and platforms emerged in the early 1980s. Computer viruses behave like biological viruses do when they enter the human body, replicate, and obstruct normal bodily function. They are computer programs that duplicate themselves and interfere with the efficient operation of genuine computer programs and files.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Virus

In light of this, a computer antivirus is a software application created to prevent, identify, and eliminate malware. It refers to any computer code that can harm or malfunction the computer system by infecting it. Computer viruses are included under the word malware.

Antivirus software is a group of computer applications designed to search for, stop, find, and eliminate viruses from computers and other IT equipment. This comprises the first computer virus and its subsequent development into several forms of malicious software over time. Both proactive and reactive antivirus software is available.

Famous Anti-virus Softwares

Bitdefender Antivirus Plus

Bitdefender is an app for Windows with computer scans, antivirus features, and web protection against phishing and fraud. The commercial edition includes vulnerability scans, multi-layer ransomware protection, and Safepay for banking transactions. A virtual private network (VPN) is also provided with higher-tier services.


  • Anti-Tracker for improved data privacy
  • Ransomware detection
  • Password managers are included in some products.
  • Regular updates with subscription


  • Some packages can be pricey
  • VPN access is only accessible with higher-tier services.

Norton 360 Antivirus

Norton Antivirus software guards your computer and prevents viruses, spyware, worms, and Trojan horses from getting in and doing damage. Norton Antivirus constantly scans your computer to keep it safe when you browse websites, download files, and use email. To keep your computer secure, Norton Antivirus receives routine and automated updates.


  • Password manager
  • LifeLock identity theft protection is included with most 360 packages
  • PC security features, including firewall and backup
  • Excellent malware protection


  • One of the more expensive options
  • slows down the PC during complete scans
  • Ransomware detection might be enhanced

McAfee Antivirus Plus

A privacy, security, and identity monitoring software called McAfee Security gives your device and your personal information constant, up-to-date protection.

On both iOS and Android smartphones, McAfee Security is accessible.


  • Has protection for all devices, including iOS and Android
  • Effectively detects malware
  • First-year discounts
  • Effective firewall


  • There are no alternatives for securing a single device.


The world is full of viruses, and new ones are developing daily. Additionally, new antivirus software and methods have been developed. Being aware of viruses and other malware is a good thing, and protecting your surroundings from them is less expensive than having to make amends.

If your computer starts performing strangely, it may have a virus. If the computer infection is discovered, there is no need to panic. When using the Internet to browse and download data, it is wise to be wary of malware. Some files that seem intriguing could be hiding viruses.

A computer virus is a program that may replicate itself and propagate throughout the system. While most viruses are harmless, a few can unexpectedly affect data files.

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