Aligarh Muslim University
It is a government-run education institution situated in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. It was known as Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, and later it became Aligarh Muslim University following the clearance of the Aligarh Muslim University Act in 1920. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan founded this educational Institution. The University has three off-campus centres.
The University provides 300+ courses to the students. The University has been put into the 7th schedule of the constitution of India from its foundation.
Info at Glance
According to NIRF-released rankings for 2022, AMU ranks 11th among the top universities in India. It is one of the largest universities enrolling more than 37327 students on its campus. The University admits students from all states of India, and students are welcomed from foreign nations like Southeast Asia, Africa, and West Asia. It has 13 faculties spreading across 21 centres and institutes, 117 teaching departments, and three academies. The Institution is immensely popular for its residential character, as many Staff and students reside on the University campus. The University is also known for its B.Tech and MBBS courses, besides having standard courses like BA, Bsc, etc. Students should clear the NEET exam to get a medical seat in the AMU. AMU placement record has increased multi-fold with time. The top salary package proposed to the student was INR 10 LPA, whereas the median salary hovers around INR 10 LPA. 1,228 Students have been recruited into the top companies.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan formed the University as a Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental college in 1875 and began operating on 24 May 1875. Syed Ahmad Khan had led a movement for the College and created an awareness of the need to form a modern education system, especially for the Indian Muslim population. He believed that English and Western Science were necessary to maintain political influence. He wanted to form a college based in Cambridge and Oxford University based in London. He favored the British model of education. A committee was created for the foundation of the College and asked to contribute generously to the fund. Then Governor General and Viceroy of India, Thomas Baring, donated Rs 10,000 and Lieutenant Governor of North Western Provinces donated Rs 1,000 with March 1874 funds; the total money collected for the College was Rs 1,53,920 and 8 annas. Raja Shambhu Narayan of Banaras and Maharao Raja Mahamdar Singh Mahamder Bahadur of Patiala donated Rs 60,000 and Rs 58,000, respectively, to the fund. Contributions have been received by the Maharaja of Vizianagaram as well. In the beginning, the College was affiliated with the University of Calcutta for the matriculation exam and became an affiliate of Allahabad University. A considerable contribution was made by the HEH Mir Osman Ali Khan, Nizam of Hyderabad, of Rs 5,00,000 to the University in 1918.
Muslim University was established to carry out efforts to turn College into University. The government of India intimated the association to collect an amount of Rs 30 lakh in a bid to transform it into a university. Muslim University Foundation Committee was a constitution for the collection of required funds. The contribution was received from both non-Muslims and Muslims. Aga Khan and Mohammad Ali Khan provided great aid in collecting funds and constructing the Aligarh Muslim University. Mao College being the attractive point, Aligarh Muslim University was formed by the Aligarh Muslim University Act of 1920. Ahmadi School for the Visually Challenged, AMU, came into existence the following year after its establishment. A Medical College was also got incorporated into the Institution.
Ajmal Khan Tibbya College and the College of Unani Medicine were instituted in 1927. Later the Institution of Ajmal Khan Tibbya College Hospital concluded in 1932. Other constituents of the University are the Zakir Hussain College of Engineering and Technology (1935) and the Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College and Hospital (1962). Students and faculty members of the University endorsed, contributed, and spearheaded the All-India Nationalist Movement, but, pollical patronage turned to the Muslim Separatist Movement after 1939, and political allegiance turned towards Muhammad Ali Jinnah and his creation separate nation for the Muslims called Pakistan. Soon, the University turned into the epicentre of Pakistan's movement.
Dr. Sheikh Abdullah, sometimes called Papa Mian, started advocating for women's education and writing for women. He sent a proposal to Sultan Jahan, Begum of Bhopal, and led a delegation to the Lieutenant Governor of the United Provinces. He and his wife laid the foundation stone for the girl's hostel, and Abdullah was the founder of the Women's College of Aligarh Muslim University. Daughters of the Abdullah have contributed to the women's College as principal. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad has visited the University and provided a grant of Rs 9,00,000.
AMU spans over 467.6 hectares of land in the beautiful city of Aligarh. Aligarh Junction is the nearest railway station. AMU is a residential university, as most Staff and students reside on the campus comprising 80 hostels and 19 halls of residence for students (3 for boys and 6 for girls). Provost administers the halls, and the number of teacher wardens look at different hostels. Each hall comprises a common room consisting of a reading room, library, indoor games, sports club, and a literary. The names of the hall are kept upon the people associated with the Aligarh Movement and the University.
The University also has many heritage buildings Victoria Gate, Mushtaq Manzil, Strachey Hall, Nizam Museum, Asman Manzil, Victoria Gate, and Jama Masjid. The campus also houses the cricket ground Gulastan-e-Syed, Willingdon Pavillion, a park, and a synthetic hockey ground.
Iconic buildings include Moinuddin Ahmad Art Gallery, Maulana Azad Library, Siddons Debating Union Hall, Sir Syed House, Musa Dakri Museum, and Kennedy Auditorium. The Centenary was celebrated in 2020 with the inauguration of a new gate, and the main university gate is called Bab-e-Syed.
Administration of the University
The top management body of the University is the court, and it exercises all the powers conferred by the Aligarh Muslim University act. The formal head of the University is Chancellor, the titular head and not concerned with daily administration works. University Court elects Chancellor. The Vice-Chancellor is the chief executive of the University appointed by the President of India as recommended by the court.
The academic department of AMU is separated into 13 faculties:
Admission to AMU is made online mode only. Course and respective entrance exams are given below.
AMU endeavors to provide all necessary facilities to its students. Some of them are given below:
Schools and Colleges
AMU has an alliance with many colleges and schools. Some of the schools are;
Inter-Departmental Research Centre
It has a separate placement and training cell for its students, who are tasked with providing job opportunities and assisting students in getting recommended to top companies. Placement Cell offers internship opportunities for students to gain expertise. Some of the placement data and record for the year 2022 is given below:
Top recruiters that were involved in the company in the AMU placement drive are:
Courses and Fees
AMU offers 300 courses, including diploma, postgraduate and undergraduate, etc., under 13 departments. The fee structure and eligibility criteria for some of the popular courses are as follows:
AMU has given world-renowned alums to the country who have helped to increase the nation's stature.
Commonly Asked Questions
Ques: Explain the eligibility criteria for AMU.
Ans: Admission eligibility criteria for the AMU is that one has to clear an entrance exam conducted by the University, such as AMUEE, NEET PG, etc.
Ques: What is unique about the AMU?
Ans: The University consists of 13 faculties involving 117 teaching departments, 21 centres and institutes, and three academies. A Unique feature of the University is that most of the Staff and students are inside the campus.
Ques: To whom should students approach in case of queries?
Ans: Reach out to your respective academic counsellor for academic queries or sign up for the form on the contact page for any questions related to the program.
Ques: Is AMU best for Engineering?
Ans: According to NIRF 2022 rankings Ministry of Education AMU has been ranked 37th positions in the engineering category.
Ques: How many courses does AMU provide to its student?
Ans: Aligarh Muslim University provides 156 courses on its main Aligarh grounds. AMU has incorporated four levels of degree programs, and the courses are diploma to degree-level projects.
Ques: Does AMU has BA?
Ans: AMU does offer BA honor courses to the student. The essential requirement for the study is that students should have finished the 10+2 level with at least 50% marks.