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Apache Solr on Hadoop

We can use Solr along with Hadoop. Hadoop usually handles a massive amount of data and helps us in finding the required information from such a large source. The solr does not use Hadoop MapReduce to process the data. Instead, it only uses the HDFS file system for index and transaction log file storage.

Downloading and Installing Hadoop

Follow these steps to download and install Hadoop on yourwindows system.

Step 1: Go to the home page of Hadoop. Follow the link -www.hadoo.apache.org/ to redirect to the Hadoop home page.

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Step 2: On the Hadoop home page, click on the Releases on the left menu pane. This option will redirect you to the Apache Hadoop Release page that contains the downloadable mirror links of source and binary files of various versions of Hadoop, as shown in the image below.

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Step 3: Now, from the list of links, select the latest and supported version of Hadoop and click its binary link. It will let you to the webpage where mirrors for the Hadoop binary are available.

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Step 4: Click one of these mirrors to download Hadoop.

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Downloading Hadoop using Command Prompt in Linux

Step 1: Start your Linux operating system and open Linux terminal using a super-user login.

Step 2: Open the directory where you need to install Hadoop and save the file on that directory using the link you have copied earlier, as represented in the given code.

Step 3: Extract the downloaded file using the following commands.

Installing Hadoop

To install Hadoop in pseudo-distributed mode, follow these steps:

Step 1: Setting Up Hadoop by setting the Hadoop environment variables by using the following given commands to ~/.bashrc file.

Step 2: You have to apply all the changes to the current running system.

Step 3: Configuring Hadoop- We can configure all the Hadoop configuration files in the location "$HADOOP_HOME/etc/Hadoop." You have to make the change according to the Hadoop infrastructure in those configuration files.

Step 4: Reset the Java environment variables in Hadoop-env.sh to develop Hadoop programs in Java. It can be done by changing JAVA_HOME data with the location of the Java path in our computer.

Following are the list of files that we required to edit for the configuration of Hadoop are as follows:

  • core-site.xml: It contains information such as the port number used for allocated memory for the file system, Hadoop Instance, memory limit for storing the data, and size of Read/Write buffers. Following are the properties inside the <configuration>,</configuration> tags after opening the core-site.xml.
  • hdfs-site.xml: It contains information such as the value of replication data, data node paths and namenode path of your locale file system. It denotes that the place where you want to save the Hadoop infrastructure. For Example:

After opening the file and add the following properties inside the <configuration>, </configuration> tags.

  • mapred-site.xml: It can be used to specify which MapReduce framework we are using. Hadoop contains a template of yarn-site.xml by default. It is required to replicate the file from mapred-site, xml.template to mapred-site.xml file with the help of given command:

Following are the properties that you have to add inside the <configuration>, </configuration> tags in the mapred-site.xml file

  • yarn-site.xml: To configure yarn into Hadoop, we can use this file. Open the file and add the properties given below in between the <configuration>, </configuration> tags in this file.

Verifying Hadoop Installation

Follow these steps for the verification of the Hadoop installation.

Step 1: The namenode can be set up using the command "hdfs namenode - format" as given below:

The result of the above command given below:

Step 2: The Hadoop dfs verification can be done using following command by starting your Hadoop file system.

Output:

10/24/14 21:37:56 
Starting namenodes on [localhost] 
localhost: starting namenode, logging to /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.6.4/logs/hadoop-
hadoop-namenode-localhost.out 
localhost: starting datanode, logging to /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.6.4/logs/hadoop-
hadoop-datanode-localhost.out 
Starting secondary namenodes [0.0.0.0]

Step 3: After that, verify the Yarn Script using the below command by starting your yarn demons.

Output:

starting yarn daemons 
starting resourcemanager, logging to /home/hadoop/hadoop-2.6.4/logs/yarn-
hadoop-resourcemanager-localhost.out 
localhost: starting nodemanager, logging to /home/hadoop/hadoop-
2.6.4/logs/yarn-Hadoop-node manager-localhost.out

Step 4: Now, we will have to access Hadoop on Browser on the default port number 50070. Use the URL given below to get Hadoop services on Browser. http://localhost: 50070/

Installing Solr on Hadoop

The following are the steps that help you installing Solr on Hadoop.

Step 1: Open the Browser and go to the home page of Apache Solr by clicking this link https://lucene.apache.org/solr/

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Step 2: On the next webpage, click on the download button. You are now redirected to the page where you can see various mirrors of Apache Solr.

Apache Solr on Hadoop

Step 3: Select one of the mirror that fits your operating system and clicks on it. It will send you to the webpage where you can download the binary file and another source of Apache solr.

Step 4: Now, the solr file will be downloaded in the Downloads folder of your system.

Step 5: Create a folder and name it as Solr in the Hadoop home directory and move all the files of the extracted folder to it, as given below:

Verification of Hadoop

Step 1: Go to the bin folder of the Solr Home Directory and verify the installation using the version command and given below:

Setting Home and Path of Hadoop

Step 1: Open the .bashrc file using the command given below.

Step 2: After that, set the home and path directories for Apache Solr as given below

Step 3: Click on the start menu and open the command prompt and execute the given command.

Step 4: You can now execute the commands of Solr from any directory.






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