API Testing Interview Questions
A list of frequently asked API Testing interview questions and answers are given below.
1) What is API?
API (Application Programming Interface) helps in communication and data exchange between two software systems. API act as an interface between two applications and allows the two software systems communicate with one another. API is a collection of functions which can be executed by another software program.
API works as; it takes a request from the source, takes that request to the database, fetches the request data from the database and returns a response to the source. API takes the requests from the user and gives the response without exposing the internal details. API acts as Abstraction.
Example: Amazon API, Google Map API
2) What is API testing?
API testing is a type of software testing that involves testing APIs directly. API is a part of integration testing to check whether the API meets expectations in terms of functionality, reliability, performance, and security of applications. Multiple API system can performed API testing. In API testing, our primary focus is on Business Logic Layer of the software architecture.
3) What are the types of API testing?
API testing involves the following types of testing:
4) What are the protocols used in API Testing?
Protocols used in API testing are:
5) What are the tools used for API Testing?
Tools used for API testing are:
6) What is API test environment?
For API the test environment is a quite complex method where the configuration of server and database is done as per the requirement of the software application. API testing does not involve graphical user interface (GUI).
API is checked for its proper functioning after installation.
7) What is API framework?
API framework is described by the config. File which consist of the list of all APIs that are required to be activated and are activated for any particular program run. This is essential as every test run does not require all APIs.
8) What are the limits of API usage?
Many APIs have certain limit set up by the provider. Hence, try to estimate our usage and understand how that will impact the overall cost of the offering.
9) What are the advantages of API testing?
Advantages of API testing are:
10) What are the principles of an API test design?
Here, are the seven principles of API test design.
11) What is API framework?
A framework or software framework is a platform for developing software applications. API framework is a foundation on which software developer can build applications for a specific platform.
Example: A framework can include predefined classes and functions that can be used to process input, manage hardware devices and interact with system software.
Framework is similar to an Application Programming Interface, technically framework includes API. Framework serves foundation for programming while API provides access to the elements supported by the framework. Framework also includes code libraries, compiler and other programs used in the software development process.
API framework is defined by configuration file which consists the list of all APIs that is required to be activated and activated for a particular program run.
12) What are the common tests that performed on API?
Here, are the common tests that performed on API are as:
13) What exactly needs to verify in API testing?
In API testing, we send a request to API with the known data and then analysis the response.
14) What are the differences between API and Web Services?
15) What is API documentation?
A good documentation is must for any foundation. API documentation serves as quick reference for accessing library or working within a program.
When we use any such documents, it must consists of proper plan, content source, proper layout, information related to each function etc.
There are various documentation tools like Doxygen and JavaDoc. Here, are the functions which are documented which revolve around the parameters like:
16) What is the most used template for API documentation?
Here, are the various documentation template that make the whole process simple and easy. They are:
17) What are the types of bug that can be found during API testing?
API testing helps us to find many types of bugs which are:
18) What are the difference between API testing and UI testing?
UI (User Interface) testing means the testing of the graphical user interface. The focus of UI testing is on the look and feel of the application. In user interface testing the main focus is on how users can interact with app elements such as images, fonts, layout etc. are checked.
API testing allows the communication between two software systems. API testing works on backend also known as backend testing.
19) What is SOAP?
SOAP (Simple Object Access Control) . It is an XML based protocol that helps in exchanging information among computers.
20) What is REST API?
REST API is a set of function helps the developers performing requests when the response is receiving. Through HTTP protocol interaction is made in REST API.
REST is defined as Representational state transfer. It is an effective standard for API creation.
21) What are the differences between SOAP and REST API?
22) What are the major challenges faced during API testing?
The major challenges faced during the API testing are:
23) What are the difference between API Testing and Unit Testing?
Difference between API testing and Unit testing are:
24) What is a RESTFUL web services?
There are two kinds of web services
1. SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) - SOAP is a XML based method which is used in Web Services.
2. RESTFUL Web Services - To implement the concept of REST architecture HTTP method is used. RESTFUL Web Services defines URI (Uniform Resource Identifier), and also provides resource representation like JSON and a set of HTTP method.
25) What is Resource in REST?
REST architecture treats any content as resource, which can be text files, HTML pages, images, videos or dynamic business information. REST server gives the functionality to access the resources and modifies them. We can identify the each resources by URIs/ global IDs.
26) What is the way to represent the resource in REST?
REST uses different representation to define the resources like text, JSON and XML. The most popular representation of resources is JSON and XML.
27) What protocol is used by the RESTFUL Web Services?
RESTFUL Web Services uses the HTTP protocol. They use the HTTP protocol as a medium of communication between the client and the server.
28) What are the characteristics of REST?
Here, are the two characteristics of REST.
29) What is messaging in RESTFUL Web Services?
RESTFUL Web Services use the HTTP protocol as a communication tool between the client and the server. This is the technique when the client sends a message in the form of HTTP request the server send back the HTTP reply which is called Messaging. This message consists message data and Meta data i.e. information on the message itself.
30) What are the components of an HTTP request?
An HTTP request have five components. These are:
31) What is the HTTP protocol supported by REST?
GET: GET is used to request data from the specified resource.
GET request can be cached and bookmark. It remains in the browser history and has length restriction. When dealing with sensitive data GET requests should not be used.
POST: POST is used to send data to server for creation or updating the resources.
POST requests are never cached or bookmark.
PUT: PUT replaces the current representation of the target resource with the request payload.
DELETE: DELETE removes the specified resource.
OPTIONS: OPTION is used to describe the communication option for the target resources.
HEAD: HEAD asks for response which is identical to GET requests, but without the response body.
32) Can we use GET request instead of PUT to create a resource?
PUT or POST method is used create a resource. GET is only used to request the resources.
33) What is URI? What is the purpose of web-based service and what is it's format?
URI stands for Uniform Resource Identifier. It is a string of characters designed for unambiguous identification of resources and extensibility by the URI scheme. The purpose of URI is to locate the resource on the server hosting of the web service.
A URIs format is <protocol>://<service-name>/<Resource Type>/<ResourceID>
34) What are SOAP Web Services?
SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is defined as the XML based protocol. SOAP is also known for developing and designing web services and also enable the communication between the applications developed on different platform by using different programming languages on the internet. SOAP is platform and language independent.
35) When we can use SOAP API?
We can use SOAP API to perform the operation on records like create, retrieve, update or delete. We can use API to manage password, perform searches etc.