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What is the full form of APJ Abdul Kalam


APJ Abdul Kalam: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

APJ Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. He was a former Indian scientist who is popularly known as Missile Man of India. He was born on October 15, 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.

APJ Abdul Kalam

Academics:

  • He completed his schooling from the Schwartz Higher Secondary School in Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu.
  • He graduated in physics from St. Joseph?s College, Tiruchirappalli in 1954.
  • After completing the graduation, he moved to Madras where he completed diploma in aeronautical engineering from Madras Institute of Technology in 1955.

Career:

  • He started his career in 1958 with Defense Research Development Organization (DRDO) where he worked as a chief scientist.
  • In 1962 he moved out of DRDO and joined Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) as a project director.
  • From 1992 to 1999, he served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime Minister and as the Secretary of Defense Research and Development Organization.
  • From 2002 to 2007, he served as the president of India. He was very active throughout his life so after completing his term as a President, he kept himself engaged and visited various renowned institutes and universities of India as a visiting professor.

Awards:

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and Bharat Ratna in 1997.

Personal life:

He remained a bachelor throughout his life. He had four elder siblings; one elder sister and three elder brothers.

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