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Arduino Kit

The Arduino Kit consists of all the components used for building digital or electronic devices. The Arduino boards are also available in the form of DIY kits. Here, DIY specifies Do It Yourself. The DIY kits are created for teaching and as a practice tool for students. The non-engineering students can also use such kits for their projects.

Arduino Kit

We can easily start with our electronics projects using the complete kit. It also helps us to create hand-on and engaging projects. The kit helps in understanding the fundamentals of programming, voltage, current, and digital logic. The concept of digital and analog signals can be understood by the implementation of actuators and sensors in the projects.

Some of the Arduino projects are the Spaceship Interface (designing the control panel for spaceship), Keyboard Instrument, Knock Lock (a secret code, which is used to open the door), etc.

There are various types of Arduino kits available in the market. Let's discuss some of the Arduino kits:

1. Arduino Starter Kit

The Starter kit is generally the basic kit for freshers in the Electronics stream. It is based on the Arduino UNO board.

Arduino Kit

The components in the Starter kit are listed below:

  • Arduino UNO board
  • Breadboard
  • LED (Bright White, Green, Red, Yellow, Blue, and RGB)
  • LCD Alphanumeric
  • Wooden base that can be easily assembled
  • Solid core jump wires
  • Stranded Jump wires of RED and BLACK color
  • 9V Battery
  • Resistors of 220 Ohms, 560 Ohms, 1kOhms, 4.7kOhms, 10kOhms, 1MOhms, and 10MOhms
  • Small DC Motor of 6/9V
  • (40 x 1) Male Strip pins
  • Red, Blue, and Green Transparent Gels
  • Diodes
  • The Capacitors of 100uF
  • Optocouplers
  • Small servo meter
  • Piezo Capsule
  • Push Buttons
  • Tilt Sensor
  • Potentiometer
  • Phototransistor
  • Temperature Sensor
  • MOSFET Transistors
  • H-bridge Motor Driver
  • USB Cable

Arduino UNO board

Unit: 1

The Arduino UNO is a standard board of Arduino. Arduino UNO is based on an ATmega328P Microcontroller. It is easy to use compared to other boards, such as the Arduino Mega board, etc. The components on the Arduino board are ATmega328P Microcontroller, ICSP pin, power LED indicator, Digital I/O pins, Analog pins, AREF pin, 16 MHz crystal oscillator, GND pins, Vin pin, voltage regulator, Tx and Rx LED, USB, and a reset button.

The Arduino board is shown below:

Arduino Kit

Breadboard

Unit: 1 (400 points)

A breadboard is defined as a rectangular shape board, which is made of plastic. It has tiny holes on it that are used to insert the wires of the electronic components, such as LED, resistor, etc.

Arduino Kit

It does not require any soldering to attach the electronic components to the board. We need to join the components using wire to allow electricity to move from one component to another.

Bright white LED

Unit: 1

LED stands for Light Emitting Diode, which is defined as a semiconductor light source. The bright white LED produces the white light, while other white lights produce a yellow hue.

When electrons combine with holes in the semiconductor, energy is released in the form of photons, which produces light.

Arduino Kit

Green LED

Unit: 8

The Green LED (Light Emitting Diode) produces the green light when electricity is passed through its terminals. The process is called electroluminescence.

Arduino Kit

Red LED

Unit: 8

The Red LED produces the red light when electricity is passed through its terminals.

Arduino Kit

Yellow LED

Unit: 8

The Yellow LED produces the yellow light when electricity is passed through its terminals.

Arduino Kit

Blue LED

Unit: 3

The Blue LED produces blue light when electricity is passed through its terminals.

Arduino Kit

RGB LED

Unit: 1

The RGB LED uses the combination of three colors (Red, Green, and Blue) to produce the light. The millions of hue of lights can be created from the combination of these three universal colors.

Arduino Kit

The colors are generated by adjusting the brightness of each of the three colors by using the PWM pin.

LCD Alphanumeric

Unit: 1

The LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) is a digital display, which gives information in the form of letters or numbers. It is the basic component in a kit.

Arduino Kit

The configuration of the LCD display can vary from 16 x 2, 40 x 4, and 8 x 1.

Here, 8 x 1 signifies 8 characters in a row.

Wooden base that can be easily assembled

Unit: 1

The wooden base is a compatible base that is used to assemble the Arduino board and Breadboard on its base.

Solid core jump wires

Unit: 70

These are the most common wires used in the Breadboard. The wires vary in different lengths and colors. These wires are cheap and come in the form of the spool. We need to cut the wire according to the required length.

Arduino Kit

Stranded Jump wires of RED color

Unit: 1

The stranded jump wires have solid tips.

The RED color stranded jump wire is shown below:

Arduino Kit

Stranded Jump wires of BLACK color

Unit: 1

The BLACK color stranded jump wire is shown below:

Arduino Kit

9V Battery

Unit: 1

It is a standard-sized battery used for different purposes. A polarized snap is connected at the top of the rectangle-shaped battery.

Arduino Kit

Resistors of 220 Ohms, 560 Ohms, 1kOhms, 4.7kOhms, 10kOhms, 1MOhms, and 10MOhms

Unit: 20 (220 Ohms), 5 (560 Ohms), 5 (1kOhms), 5 (4.7kOhms), 20 (10kOhms), 5 (1MOhms), 5 (10MOhms)

A resistor is a two-terminal component having a particular electrical resistance.

The function of the resistor is to manage the current flow. It controls the current flowing to the other components. The other functions are dividing voltages, adjusting the signal levels, etc.

The resistors with resistance value are shown below:

Arduino Kit

Small DC Motor of 6/9V

Unit: 1

It is a small motor whose voltage ranges from 6V to 9V.

(40 x 1) Male Strip pins

Unit: 1

The standard pitch for the 40 x 1 connector pin is 2.54mm. It is a single row male pin consisting of 40 pin headers connected to it.

It is shown below:

Arduino Kit

Red, Blue, and Green Transparent Gels

Unit: 3

The colored gels act as a filter for the sensors, which allows the specific colored light to pass through that gel.

Diodes (1N4007)

Unit: 5

A diode conducts the current in one direction. The diode is an electronic component that has two terminals. The diodes can be used as the signal modulators, and demodulators, switches, voltage regulators, etc.

Arduino Kit

The Capacitors of 100uF

Unit: 5

The capacitor is a device that stores electrical energy. The energy is stored between the plates of the capacitor in the form of an electrostatic field.

The image of 100uF/450V is shown below:

Arduino Kit

The capacitors like 100uF/25V, 100uF/50V, etc., are also available.

Optocouplers

Unit: 1

The noise from the electrical signals is removed by the Optocouplers. It is also used to separate the low power circuits from the high-power circuits and transfers the electrical signals between these separated circuits.

Arduino Kit

Small servo motor

Unit: 1

The servo motor is used to control the position, liner speed, and rotational speed. The advantageous features of servo motor are high efficiency, high precision, low heat generation, etc.

The servometer will look like the below image:

Arduino Kit

Piezo Capsule

Unit: 1

The piezo in Arduino is defined as an electronic device, which produces a voltage when deformed by some mechanical strain, sound wave, or a vibration.

Push Buttons

Unit: 10

The push buttons are used as a switch. We can power ON the board supply or the connection by pressing the push button.

Arduino Kit

Tilt Sensor

Unit: 1

The tilt sensor is used to measure the tilt with respect to the reference plain. It is also used to detect the inclination of the plane.

Arduino Kit

Potentiometer (10kOhms)

Unit: 3

The potentiometer acts as a knob, which is used to provide variable resistance. It can also be used to alter its resistance. The amount of resistance is measured as an analog value.

Arduino Kit

Phototransistor

Unit: 6

The phototransistor uses the NPN transistors to sense the light level and convert it into the current.

Arduino Kit

Temperature Sensor

Unit: 1

The temperature sensors are used to record the surrounding temperature. It converts the input data to the electronic data.

Arduino Kit

Mosfet Transistors

Unit: 2

We can control the high voltage Arduino projects using the Mosfet Transistors. One terminal is used as a power source, and the other two terminals are used onboard.

Arduino Kit

H-bridge Motor Driver [L293D]

Unit: 1

These motors are capable of driving the DC motors. We can turn the motor in both directions with the help of an H-bridge motor driver.

USB Cable

Unit: 1

The Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a cable that is used to connect the Arduino board with the computer. We can further program the Arduino board through the Arduino IDE on our computer.

Arduino Kit

Other Popular Kits

The other popular Arduino kits are listed below:

  • Elegoo UNO Super Starter Kit

It includes a CD, which consist of a PDF explaining about the specifications of the kit. It consists of some additional components, such as a joystick, Infrared Receiver, and Remote. The beginners may face some difficulty while using such kit.

Arduino Kit
  • Elegoo Mega 2560 Starter Kit

It is the ultimate kit designed for beginners as well as advanced users.

  • Vilrous Arduino Ultimate Kit

It is the ultimate kit intended for professionals. Beginners with advanced knowledge can use it.

The components in the kit are listed below:

Arduino Uno R3, Temperature Sensor TMP36, USB Cable, Shift Register, Arduino, Breadboard & its Holder, NPN Transistors, Small Servo motor, 5V Relay, Jumper Wires, DC Motor with wires, Piezo Buzzer, 12 units of Big 12mm Buttons, Photocell, LEDs (1x RGB, 10 x Red, 10 x Yellow), 10K Trimpot, Resistors (45 x 330Ω and 45 x 10KΩ), and 2 units of 1N4148 Diodes.

  • SunFounder Super Starter kit

It includes a vast collection of components. The components in the kit are listed below:

MEGA2560 Controller Board, IR Receiver, Button (small) (5), Power Supply Module, Stepper Motor, Humiture Sensor, 4-Digit 7-Segment Display, Dupont wire (Female to Male) (10), 5V Relay, Remote Control, Servo Motor (SG90), USB Cable (5), Stepper Motor Driver, Jumper Wire (Male to Male) (65), 9V Battery Clip Connector, Joystick PS2, Breadboard, Thermistor, Capacitor Ceramic 100nF, Photoresistor, Tilt Switch, Active Buzzer, LCD1602 Character Display LEDs(5 x Yellow, 5 x Red, 5 x Green, 5 x Blue, 5 x White, 1 x RGB, Resistors (10 each 10Ω, 100Ω, 220Ω, 330Ω, 1KΩ, 2KΩ, 5.1KΩ, 10KΩ, 100KΩ, 1MΩ), Potentiometer, NPN Transistor, Small Motor, Fan, and Ultrasonic Sensor Module.


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