Azure SQL Database
SQL database is the flagship product of Microsoft in the database area. It is a general-purpose relational database that supports structures like relation data - JSON, spatial, and XML. The Azure platform fully manages every Azure SQL Database and guarantees no data loss and a high percentage of data availability. Azure automatically handles patching, backups, replication, failure detection, underlying potential hardware, software or network failure, deploying bug fixes, failovers, database upgrades, and other maintenance tasks.
There are three ways we can implement our SQL database
- Managed Instance: This is primarily targeted towards on-premises customers. In case, if we already have a SQL server instance in our on-premises data-center and you want to migrate that into Azure with minimum changes to our application and the maximum compatibility. Then new will go for the managed instance.
- Single database: We can deploy a single database on Azure its own set of resources managed via a logical server.
- Elastic pool: We can deploy a pool of databases with a shared set of resources managed via a logical server.
We can deploy the SQL database as an infrastructure as a service. That means we want to use the SQL server on an Azure virtual machine, but in that case, we are responsible for managing the SQL server on that particular Azure virtual machine.
There are two ways we can purchase the SQL Server on Azure.
- VCore purchasing model: The vCore-based purchasing model enables us to independently scale compute and storage resources, match on-premises performance, and optimize price. It also allows us to choose a generation of hardware. It also allows us to use Azure Hybrid Benefit for SQL Server to gain cost savings. Best for the customer who values flexibility, control, and transparency.
- DTU model: It is based on a bundled measure on compute, storage, and IO resources. Sizes of the compute are expressed in terms of Database Transaction Units (DTUs) for single databases and elastic Database Transaction Units (eDTUs) for elastic pools. This model is best for customers who want simple, pre-configured resource options.
Azure SQL Database service tiers
- General Purpose/ Standard model: It is based on a separation of computing and storage service. This architectural model depends on the high availability and reliability of Azure Premium Storage that transparently copies database files and guarantees for zero data loss if underlying infrastructure failure happens.
- Business Critical/ Premium service tier model: It is based on a cluster of database engine processes. Both the SQL database engine process and underlying mdf/ldf files are placed on the same node with locally attached SSD storage providing low latency to our workload. High availability is implemented using technology similar to SQL Server Always On Availability Groups.
- Hyperscale service tier model: It is the newest service tier in the vCore-based purchasing model. This tier is a highly scalable storage and computes performance tier that leverages the Azure architecture to scale-out the storage and computes resources for an Azure SQL Database beyond the limits available for the General Purpose and Business Critical service tiers.
SQL database logical server
- It acts as a central administrative point for multiple single or pooled database logins, firewall rules, auditing rules, threat detection policies, and failover groups.
- It must exist before we can create the Azure SQL database. All databases on a server are created within the same region as the logical server.
- The SQL database service makes no guarantees regarding the location of the database in relation to their logical servers and exposes no instance-level access or features.
- An Azure database logical server is the parent resource for databases, elastic pools, and data warehouses.
- It is a simple and cost-effective solution for scaling and managing more than one database. The databases inside an elastic pool are on a single Azure SQL Database server and share a group of resources at a fixed price.
- We can configure resources for the pool based either on the DTU- based purchasing model or the vCore-based purchasing model.
- The size of a pool always depends on the aggregate resource needed for all databases in the pool. It determines the following options:
- The maximum resources utilized in the pool by the databases.
- The maximum storage bytes utilized in the pool by the databases.
Creating an Azure SQL Database using Azure portal
Step 1: Click on create a resource and search for SQL Database. Then click on create.
Step 2: Fill all the required details.
Step 3: Select a server or create a new one, as shown in the figure given below.
Step 4: Now, select the pricing tier by clicking on Compute + Storage, as shown in the figure below.
Step 5: After that, click on Review + Create and create the SQL database for your apps.
Step 6: Your SQL database is now created, now click on the go-to resources to configure additional settings for your database.