Bankey Bihari Temple
A Hindu temple named Bankey Bihari Temple is located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh's Mathura district in the town of Vrindavan. The shrine is devoted to Bankey Bihari, who many people believe to be a fusion of Radha and Krishna. At first, worshippers of Bankey Bihari gathered in Nidhivan, Vrindavan. The Bankey Bihari statue was later transferred to the present temple, which was built around 1864. The representation of Radha Krishna as one body is in the Tribhanga position. Under the name Kunj-Bihari, Swami Haridas initially worshipped this devotional figure."Bankey" denotes "bent," while "Bihari" or "Vihri" denotes "enjoyer." Because of her three-pointed bend, Kiha earned the nickname "Bankey Bihri."
In the Brahma-sahit, Brahma is quoted as saying the following about Krishna:I adore Govinda, the primordial Lord, whose two hands are decked with the flute and jewelled ornaments, whose beautiful threefold-bending form of ymasundara is constantly evident, and around whose neck swings a garland of flowers beautified with the moon-locket.
Swami Haridas, a guru of the well-known vocalist Tansen, founded the Bankey Bihari Temple. When his followers asked him to, Swami Haridasji once sang the verse below at Nidhivan, Vrindavan. The phrase "Sahaj Jori Pragat Bhai Ju Rang Ki Gaur Syamghan Damini Jaisen Mai ri" is used. Prathma ahuti ab aagen hun rahihai na tarihai taisain.The phrase "Ang Ang ki ujraii sugharaii chaturaii sunderta aisain" appears. Shri Haridas ki Swami Syama Kunjbihari Sam Vas Vasain" The celestial couple Shyama-Shyam came in front of him and his disciples as they began chanting the stanza. The pair combined into one at Shri Swamiji's request, and the statue of Banke Bihari appeared. In Nidhivan, the idol was created.
The statue of Bihariji which is now housed in the Shri Bankey Bihari Mandir was a gift from the celestial couple Shyama-Shyam to Swami Haridas. In response to their requests, the Lord and his celestial consort physically manifested, leaving behind a mesmerising dark image before dissipating.
On Radha Ashtami, which falls on the eighth day of the second fortnight of Bhadrapad month in the year 1535 Vikrami, Shri Ashudhir and his wife Srimati Gangadevi brought Swami Haridas into the world. In Uttar Pradesh, close to Aligarh, he was born in a little village that is today known as Haridaspur. Shri Gargacharya can be found in the family tree. When Sri Vasudeva requested that the Namakarana Samskara of young Krishna and Balarama be performed, Shri Gargachrya, the Kulaguru (family guru) of the Yadavas, travelled in secret to Brij. A family branch moved to Multan, which is currently in Pakistan, but some of them eventually came back. One such immigrant, Sri Ashudhir, resided on the fringes of Brij, close to Aligarh, after arriving from Multan.
Lalita "sakhi," a member of Lord Krishna's inner consortium, was reborn as Swami Haridas. This explains why, even as a young child, he was more interested in scriptures and meditation than other kids his age were. He married Harimati at a respectable age for the period. Young Haridas continued to put his focus on meditation and avoid worldly pleasures even after his marriage. Harimatiji ardently prayed after learning of her husband's preference, and by entering the flame of a small candle, she was brought to the celestial dwelling of the Lord. Soon after, Haridas left his village for Vrindavan, which was then a thick forest, and made his way to a lonely region that is now known as Nidhivan to hone his musical abilities and encounter the never-ending joy of meditation. At Nitya Vrindavan, he focused on the Lord's Nitya Ras and Nitya Bihar nonstop. He performed sadhna by writing and singing songs to the Lord. He enabled his regular, unimpeded entry into the Nitya Bihar while he was still on earth and in a mortal state, and he constantly relished the pleasure of being close to the Lord. He selected Kunj, a remote and heavily forested location in Nidhivan, as his entrance to nirvana, and he spent most of his time there sitting, singing, meditating, and surfing in the ocean of everlasting pleasure.
His students were interested in visiting this location, so one day they all entered the Kunj with Swamiji's permission. Instead of seeing anything, they were nearly blinded by a bright, powerful light that seemed to engulf the entire space. When Swamiji learned about their situation, he personally visited there. On his orders, the lord then materialised there with his divine consort, smiling and amusing himself while casting a spell of charm over every living thing in the area. The Lord and his consort were so beautiful that those in attendance were so spellbound by it that they were unable to blink, giving the impression that everyone had turned into a stone statue.
According to the myth passed down through the Goswami centuries, no one wanted to forsake the sight and presence of the divine pair because of their beauty. Mortals, like us, won't be able to handle such celestial beauty since the holy couple was so exquisitely beautiful. Swami Haridasji recognised this and urged them to combine their forms. As a wonderful metaphor for the combined beauty of the dark Lord and his fair spouse, Radhaji, he asked them to assume a single shape like Ghan (cloud) and Damini.
He also desired that his adored lord always is in view. Giving in to his requests, the pair transformed into the same black, endearing idol that can be seen today in the temple. The only explanation for why Shri Bankey Bihariji's "darshan" at the temple is never unbroken but is frequently interrupted by the curtain being drawn over him is due to his charm and beauty. It is also stated that if one gazes into Shri Bankey Bihariji's eyes for a long enough time, he or she will become unconcerned.
As a result, Lord Bankey Bihari, also called Bihariji, took on a corporeal form. Goswami Jagannath received the charge of Sewa of Bihariji from Swamiji himself. One of Swamiji's most important students and younger brothers was Goswami Jagannath. According to custom, descendants of Jagannath Goswami continue to carry out the Sewa today.
The god was initially set up at a temple close to where it made its debut in Nidhivan. In 1862 AD, a brand-new temple that reflected the magnificence of Bihariji was built. For the building, the Goswamis themselves mobilised resources. The temple features modern Rajasthani architecture, which in and of itself is stunning. Bihariji's Sewa is unique in and of itself. Shringar, Rajbhog, and Shayan are completed in turn each day. Rajbhog and Shayan Sewa are offered in the afternoon, whereas Shringar (which includes bathing, dressing, and accessorising with jewellery like a crown and necklaces) is offered in the morning. Mangala sewa is not a tradition at the shrine. Swami Haridas did not support Mangla Sewa because he wanted his infantile Lord to get the appropriate amount of sleep and did not want to wake him up so early. Consequently, the Lord himself resides inside the temple, which is still in existence today in all its splendour. Millions of individuals visit there daily.
Several swings that have been adorned with silver plating and even solid silver are on exhibit during the Lord Krishna swing festival, also known as Jhulan Yatra. The main day of the Jhulan Yatra is the third day of the waxing moon when Shri Bankey Bihari is suspended in gold. The curtain in front of the Deities is closed, in contrast to other temples. The curtain is drawn back and forth several times per minute. One is reported to become unconscious if Shri Bankey Bihari's dazzling eyes are gazed at for an extended period. The only temple in which Krishna is not awakened in the morning by resounding temple bells. It is considered impolite to startle a sleeping youngster. He is softly roused. Therefore, not even for Aarti, are there bells, lest they disturb Him.
The Deities don't rise till nine in the morning since it's thought that Bankey Bihariji was up late playing sports the night before. In this temple, Mangala-arati is only performed on Janmasthami, one day every year. The Deity's lotus feet can only be seen on one day per year, Akshaya Tritiya, which falls on the third day of the month of Vaishaka's bright half. The Deity only uses a flute on the day of the fall full moon, and He also dons a unique mukut on this day. On the final five days of the Phalguna month, during the Holi celebration, Shri Bankey Bihari leaves his altar and is clearly visible. At this moment, four gopis are the only ones seen with him.