# Bits Per Second (bps or bit/sec)

## What are bits per second (bps or bit/sec)?

Bits per second (bps or bit/sec) is a commonly used unit of measurement for information speed in the communication of data used by transmission carriers and computer modems. The speed in bits per second (bps) is equivalent to the number of bits sent or received, as the word suggests.

Within a higher bit rate, sometimes referred to as bitrate or variable R, which is the number of bits handled per unit of time, bits per second is a unit of quantificastion. These phrases are most often used in the domains of information technology, telecommuting, and data communications.

Higher data rates are frequently indicated by larger units. While a megabit per second (Mbps) is equivalent to one million bits per second or 1,000 Kbps, a kilobit per second is equivalent to 1,000 bps.

## What makes bit rate and baud rate different from one another?

The number of instances an electronic signal switches state in a second, or baud, was the unit of measurement utilized by the communications sector to describe the speed of data transmission.

In most cases, baud-also known as the baud rate-is less than bps for a particular digital transmission. This is so that more than one bit of information may be sent for each changing state thanks to signal modulation methods. The number of bits processed in a unit of time is now measured by bit rate.

## Prefixes for bits per second units

The complete bit rate is indicated by prefixes while measuring bits per second. Several abbreviations for binary or decimal prefixes are provided by the International Electrotechnical Commission 80000-13 standard, which is maintained by the International Organization for Standardization.

The following list of frequently used prefixes along with their definitions:

• One Kbps is 1,000 bps.
• A million bits per second is equivalent to one megabit per second.
• One gigabit per second (Gbps) is 1,000,000,000 bps.
• One terabit per second (Tbps) is equal to 1,000,000,000,000 bps.

## What makes bits and bytes different from one another?

The most common uses for bits are in the measurement of data rates, including speeds for uploading and downloading in addition to internet connection speeds. However, files are usually measured in bytes; for example, a software-as-a-service membership containing 10 gigabytes of storage would be measured in bytes.

## Common bit-per-second data transfer rates

• Dial-up and broadband data transmission rates are separated into two categories by the technology and telecommunications sectors.
• Dial-up connections typically run at 57.6 Kbps and are made via a wired phone line. Nevertheless, as most people no longer utilize landlines, these data transfer networks have become mostly out of date.
• Any kind of fast internet connection that's not dial-up is referred to as a broadband connection.
• The maximum download speeds for Digital Subscriber Lines vary from 3 Mbps to 50 Mbps.
• The typical speed of cable modems ranges from 10 Mbps to 500+ Mbps.
• The speed range for satellite internet is 12 to 100 Mbps.
• The speed range for fixed Wi-Fi is 5 Mbps to 50 Mbps.
• The typical speed of fiber optic ranges from 250 Mbps to more than 2 Gbps.

On the other hand, cellular wireless speeds of downloading rely on the network's wireless generation. Nowadays 5G networks, for instance, have peak download rates of one gigabit per second and often start off at 150 megabits per second to 200 megabits per second which is considerably greater than the latest 4G technology. However, 10 Gbps is their highest potential speed.

## Internet connection speeds

In addition to speed, another crucial factor to consider in internet and data transfer rates is bandwidth, particularly in the context of Wi-Fi connections. While speed pertains to how quickly information can be delivered over a specific route, bandwidth refers to the route's capacity to accommodate this information speed.

To better understand this concept, consider the analogy of water flowing through a conduit. The speed of the water represents the rate at which it moves, while the bandwidth corresponds to the volume of water that can pass through the pipe at that rate within a given timeframe.

Similarly, a signal's bandwidth is typically measured in bits per second (bps). Generally, the minimum signal bandwidth and the quality of connection for devices connected to the internet tend to increase with the bps number, although there may be exceptions to this rule.