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What is the full form of BRO

BRO: Border Road Organization

BRO stands for Border Road Organization. It is a road executive force, an integral part of the Indian army. Its role mainly involves the development and maintenance of road networks in the border areas of India and friendly neighbouring countries. It started its operations in May 1960 with just two projects: Project Tuskar, which was renamed Project Vartak, in the East and Project Beacon in the west. Today, it is a 13-project executive force that has an organized recruiting and training center, well-equipped workshops for overhaul of plant or equipment and Engineer Store Depots for inventory management.

BRO full form

The BRO has successfully linked the border areas of the north and northeast with other parts of the country. Furthermore, it has also developed the road infrastructure in various states of the country such as Bihar, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh etc.

The roads developed by BRO are classified as General Staff (GS) roads and these are developed and maintained with the funds provided by the Border Roads Development Board (BRDB), through the Department of Road Transport and Highways.


Jawahar Lal Nehru developed the idea for BRO at a time when the Himalayas no longer served as a protective barrier and marauders could easily enter the Indian Subcontinent and foment unrest.

On May 7, 1960, the BRO was established in order to protect India's borders and build infrastructure in the nation's remote north and northeastern states. The Border Roads Development Board (BRDB) was established by the Indian government with the prime minister serving as chairman and the defence minister serving as vice chairman in order to ensure cooperation and quick project execution.


Some of the key points of its mission are as follows:

  • To support the armed forces in meeting their strategic needs by developing and maintaining the infrastructure.
  • To involve in the agency, transnational, and national development projects to optimize potential and expertise.
  • To attain leadership in the development, adoption, assimilation and use of state-of-the-art technology
  • To achieve the highest level of skill and proficiency in construction activity

Major Functions of the BRO:

  • To construct and maintain the General Staff (GS) roads in the border areas as per the defence requirements
  • To execute agency works entrusted by the Central government ministries.
  • To execute work entrusted by public sector undertakings, state governments and other semi-government organizations.
  • Construction of airfields, permanent steel and concrete bridges and accommodation projects.
  • Contribute to the socio-economic development of the Border States.
  • Develop and maintain roads to maintain the line of control through the original sectors and re-deployed sectors.
  • To execute additional tasks as assigned by the government contributing to the war effort.

Projects by Border Road Organization

By building and black-topping the world's highest motorable road at Umling La Pass in Ladakh, at an elevation of 19,024 feet, the Border Roads Organization (BRO) has set a new record.

The BRO was also crucial to the recovery efforts following the terrible tsunami that struck Tamil Nadu in 2004, the earthquake that struck Kashmir in 2005, and the flash floods that hit Ladakh in 2010.

India is also building border infrastructure in response to China's rapid border infrastructure development, Pakistan's growing incursions, and the persistent security threat posed by Pakistan.

Construction of the longest highway tunnel in Himachal Pradesh, known as The Atal Tunnel in honour of the late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, is one of BRO's greatest infrastructure accomplishments.

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