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What is the Full Form of BUMS

BUMS: Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery

BUMS stands for Bachelor in Unani Medicine and Surgery. The Persian-Arabic medical system, founded on the ideas of the Greek physicians Galen and Hippocrates, is the subject of the five-year undergraduate curriculum known as BUMS. Jobs with titles like Unani paramedic, hakims, pharmacist, research officer, and associate research officer are accessible to BUMS hopefuls in both the public and private industries.

One of the traditional medical systems still used today in South, the Middle East, and Asia is Unani medicine. The famous physician "Hippocrates," who established this approach, did it in Greek culture. The "Hikmat" or Unani Tibb Medicine is another name for it. Its history dates back 6,000 years. This technique relates to the Roman drug regimen created by "Galen," a Roman physician. The Arabic and Persian doctors accepted and flagged this approach during the medieval ages due to the development of the system.

BUMS Full Form

The Unani system of complementary medicine. The amazing healing capacity of the human body is strengthened to better care for patients. According to the Unani philosophy, the body can repair itself and regenerate. We only need to support its inherent healing ability.

And after allopathic, Ayurveda, and homoeopathy medical systems, Unani appears to be the fourth most widely used medical system in India. The four components of the human body, based on this concept, are blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. In regards to the four elements, this is comparable to Ayurveda and is equally well-known.

From around the 14th century, Allaudin Khilji, the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, introduced the Unani medical system to India. The correct diagnosis, in accordance with this system, is a prerequisite for treating any condition. Any disease must be diagnosed using clinical factors like signs, symptoms, laboratory findings, and mijaz. Not only in India but countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and South Africa it is being widely used with the name of BCM Complementary Medicine: Unani Tibb.

Uses of BUMS

The Unani system has shown remarkable success in treating conditions like:

  • Eczema
  • Vitiligo
  • Inflammatory
  • Leucoderma
  • Arthritis \Psoriasis
  • Asthma
  • Jaundice
  • Zoonotic disease
  • Both acute and chronic illnesses

Many colleges in India and overseas provide certificate and degree courses in the Unani medical system of treatment. Several young individuals in India today are drawn to the Unani philosophy. The youthful student generation is quickly embracing naturopathic medicine. There are numerous educational options in this area, including research programs and undergraduate, graduate, and diploma programs.

Duration of the course

One of the most well-known degrees in the field of Unani medicine is the Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS). A UG degree is nearly sufficient to land the job. This degree is granted after completing a 5.5-year academic program, which includes four and a half years of coursework and a one-year internship program with real-world applications. The Unani educational system's undergraduate program can be completed via correspondence courses.


The minimum prerequisite for admission to the BUMS program is passing the 10+2 exam with 50% marks. The applicant must have completed 12th grade with biology, chemistry, and physics. Students who studied Urdu in their 12th grade or who are fluent in Urdu have been given precedence for admission.

The Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) in India is the governing organisation for Unani education. There are merely 35 medical institutions in India that provide the Unani style of medicine curriculum. Several reputable colleges offer admission via entrance exams at the federal and state levels. For admission to the BUMS course, students may sit for the NEET which is a National Level Test, and KEAM which is a State Level Test. The applicant must be at least 17 years old.


After completing BUMS, there are professional opportunities both in India and overseas. Professionals in this discipline are needed by a large number of firms and research institutions engaged in production and research abroad. The applicant who has earned a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degree (BUMS) is qualified to use the title of Hakeem (Doctor) and to engage in family practice. A physician of Unani medicine may consider a career as a doctor in a governmental or private hospital or as a medical representative.

The experts in this subject can work for firms that handle Unani preparations. They might land a position as a teacher or researcher in Unani colleges. Allopathic treatment is unpopular with a lot of people. This is where the alternative medicine system comes into role.


The standard for all other professions is the pay in the healthcare profession. This respect is owed to the Unani profession as well. Unani doctors get between $12,000 and $15,000 per month in the government sector, but their pay begins at $15,000 monthly in the private industry.

BUMS at Pakistan

It is an Oriental medical practice that was first introduced at Pakistan's Hamdard University and afterwards at Islamia University. The sole criterion for admission to the five-year bachelor's program/course is FSC (Pre-Medical).

According to UAH Act 2002-1965, NCT-licensed graduates may treat Eastern medicine as licensed Unani physicians after completing their degree program and a one-year internship. All higher learning institutions registered with the Higher Education Commission will accept able graduates. Additionally, they are eligible to participate in the Eastern Medicine program to earn an M.Phil. including Ph.D. degrees earned domestically and internationally.

2020 saw the National Council for Tibb (NCT) announce that graduates of the BUMS program would be considered "Doctors of Natural Medicines." Salary ranges for BUMS graduates in India depend on factors like education, amount of experience, region, and industry. When students complete the program, their remuneration packages from BUMS are the highest in the medical sector. The mean BUMS pay in India, according to Glassdoor, is 6 LPA.


The chances for taking BUMS courses are numerous. In terms of health care procedures, it is highly comparable to a Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery. The curriculum is offered by some of India's top universities. The following ways that the course can help students:

Unani treatment methods and therapies are thoroughly covered in the BUMS course, which opens up a wide range of job options in the healthcare sector industries. The BUMS program strongly emphasises technical and practical abilities, which enhance learning. Candidates may also pursue advanced degrees, such as an MD or MS, in a similar field of study. The individual may pursue a Ph.D. after earning a master's degree.

Ayurveda and Unani therapy are two traditional medicinal systems that are growing in popularity due to their straightforward procedures and successful outcomes. Due to its popularity, the curriculum will assist in obtaining strong employment chances and a respectable compensation package that ranges from Indian Rupees 3,00,000 to Indian Rupees 10,00,000. Candidates can look at various career options, including those at Unani clinics, Unani medical schools, Unani research centres, Unani consultancy, etc. With knowledge and skill, work opportunities and compensation rise.

Who can do BUMS?

The following criteria must be met in order for an applicant to be eligible to enroll in the BUMS program:

  • Students must have received a grade of at least 50% in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, & English in their 10+2 or equivalent program from a recognized university.
  • A candidate should be a minimum of 17 years old to be taken into consideration.
  • Since they might undergo medical exams before being admitted, applicants should be in excellent health.
  • Candidates must pass national or state-level medical entrance exams in order to be admitted to elite colleges.
  • The applicant will have an advantage if they study Urdu in school.

Scope of BUMS

The traditional medical system of Unani treats patients to strengthen the body's innate ability to cure itself. Just after allopathic, Ayurveda, and homoeopathic systems of medicine, Unani is the fourth leading medical system in India. Still, this course is not preferred by many students as much as MBBS in India. The applicant who has earned a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery degree (BUMS) is qualified to use the title of Hakeem (Doctor) and to engage in private clinics. A physician of Unani medicine might consider a career as a doctor in a public or private hospital or as a physician.

With a BUMS degree, one can practice privately and assist others. There are extremely few hospitals with unorthodox medical staff. One of the most well-known degrees in Unani medicine is the Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery or BUMS. After completing the course, various companies offer career chances to graduates. Health care facilities, labs, polyclinics, private practices, and nursing homes are the main businesses. These are a few main sectors where you get a job in BUMS,

  • Business of Insurance
  • Medical Sector
  • industry of pharmaceuticals
  • the life sciences sector
  • Nursing
  • Industry of Medical Tourism

Ayurvedic and Unani remedies are becoming more and more in demand in the medical field. Since fewer doctors practise homoeopathy than allopathy, there is a greater need for Unani physicians. For Unani scientists and doctors, there will be many work prospects in the near future. Being in this sector can bring in a nice income.

Advantages of BUMS

Ancient therapeutic techniques using herbal medicine are the foundation of a profession in Unani medicine. Unani medicine has been practised for more than 6000 years. The four elements of the system form the foundation of Unani medicine. It consists of earth, air, water, and flame. The foundation of Unani is founded on the four senses of human. The human body's fluids, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile, are all included in it.

Treatments for sterility, vitiligo, obesity, kidney stones, and many other conditions can be considerably improved by Unani remedies. Numerous employment prospects in Unani medical science are available after completing a bachelor's degree program in Unani medicine and surgery. Alums of BUMS can choose from a wide range of professions, including lecturer, therapist, Unani advisor, pharmacist, and many more.

India's Future For BUMS Physicians

The demand for natural herbal remedies and their applications rises daily. As a BUMS Doctor, you can enjoy a fulfilling career. A BUMS physician may earn around INR 3 LPA to INR 10 LPA in salary. India is a thriving nation with numerous medical and health centre facilities. After getting a BUMS degree, one can find employment in fields like medicine, research, education, consulting, etc., earning a respectable salary as their expertise and talents increase.

The influence of BUMS extends outside of India as well. Graduates of a BUMS degree can participate in Unani research projects by numerous organisations in India and overseas. Individuals who have earned a degree are eligible to work in private clinics as Hakeems or Doctors. These people with degrees can also get employment in the teaching profession as there is always an opportunity to go into teaching.

Are BUMS equivalent to MBBS?

BUMS and MBBS are equivalent; all such courses use entirely different ways to treat people, which is why they have many people practising, and various job opportunities; however, BUMS are similar in the form of treatment and have fewer followers due to language barriers.

Why is MBBS much preferred over BUMS?

You can learn more about medicine and surgery in-depth through an MBBS degree, the ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda in-depth through a BUMS degree, and dental studies in-depth through a BDS degree. Also, in BUMS, you learn the traditional ways to cure health issues, but in MBBS, all the modern and more advanced methods are used, which makes it fast and easy (costly as well).

Many older adults prefer BUMS more than MBBS, but now more people prefer MBBS over BUMS, even though they are both highly qualified medical professionals. BUMS offers allopathic medicine and Ayurveda, while MBBS is solely based on allopathy. As allopathy works faster than any other medical method, it makes it the first choice for people who are always in a hurry.

BUMS is a traditional medical system used in India for its known history. NEET UG is the national eligibility criteria entrance test used for BUMS entrance in India. Doctors can find work prospects in public hospitals, private clinics, and research institutions after completing the BUMS degree program. They can continue their education by enrolling in MD(Unani) or MS(Unani) degree programs. The program offers no specialisations. It is a specialised program in and of itself.

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