Carnegie Mellon University
A private research university with its only location in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is known as Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). The organization was created by combining the Mellon Institute of Commercial Research with the Carnegie Institute of Innovation. In 1900, Andrew Carnegie established a connection between the precursor and the Carnegie Technological Institutions. In 1912, it changed its name to the Carnegie Institute of Innovation and began awarding four-year degrees. Andrew Mellon and Richard B. Mellon provided financing for the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research founding in 1913. The Carnegie Institute of Technology, once a branch of the University of Pittsburgh, merged with it in 1967. Considering the merger, Carnegie Mellon has functioned as a single entity.
The University of Design, University of Great Arts, Dietrich University of Humanities and Social Sciences, Mellon University of Scientific research, Tepper Institution of Company, Heinz University of Info Systems and Public Plan, and the Institution of Computer system Scientific research are a few of the seven universities and independent institutions that make up the organization. Eight kilometers (5 miles) separate the college's primary school from downtown Pittsburgh. Additionally, it has numerous additional campuses that are accredited on six different continents, including campuses in Silicon Valley, Qatar, and Kigali, Rwanda (CMU Africa), as well as partnerships with universities in the United States, the United Kingdom, Portugal, Japan, China, Mexico, and Italy.
"R1: Doctoral Universities - Very High Research Activity" has CMU among its members. As the home of numerous firsts in computer science (including the first computer science, computing device learning, and robotics departments), the discipline of administration science's forerunner, and the nation's first drama program, Carnegie Mellon is renowned for its research breakthroughs and creation of new fields of study. The institution incurred $386 million in research and development (R&D) costs in 2020.
20 Nobel Prize winners, 13 Turing Award winners, 26 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and 39 members of the American Organization for the Development of Scientific research are among the school's former students and graduates. 12 Oscar winners, 52 Tony Award nominations, 142 Emmy Award winners, and 91 National Academy members.
Fifteen thousand eight hundred eighteen undergraduate students from 117 different countries are enrolled at Carnegie Mellon's several campuses. The university employs over 1,400 students and maintains an active alum network of over 112,000 people.
In 1900, Pittsburgh's Carnegie Technical Schools were established by Scottish-American philanthropist and industrialist Andrew Carnegie. Then he contributed the money to start the school; Carnegie said, "My heart is in the job." Previously, Carnegie's goal was to establish a vocational school for Pittsburghers from the working class (many of whom worked in his mills). The Pratt Institute, founded by entrepreneur Charles Pratt in Brooklyn, New York, in 1887, served as inspiration for Carnegie's design for his school. The firm altered its call to the Carnegie Institute of Innovation (CIT) in 1912 and began providing a four-year degree. At the time, CIT was made up of 4 member institutions.
The Mellon Institute of Industrial Research was established in 1913 as a tribute to the family's grandfather, Thomas Mellon, by the banking and business people brothers Andrew and Richard B. Mellon. Andrew Mellon later served as the Treasury Secretary of the United States. The Institute was first established as a department inside the University of Pittsburgh and began as a search company that carried out work for businesses and the government under contract. The Mellon Institute became a nonprofit organization in 1927. The landmark Mellon Institute building was finished in 1937 and then transferred to its current location on Fifth Avenue.
The Margaret Morrison Carnegie College, the primary women's college of Carnegie Mellon, closed its doors and combined its academic programs with those of the rest of the institution in 1973. With financial support from Paul Mellon, Carnegie Tech and the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research joined in 1967 to become what is now known as Carnegie Mellon University. The Carnegie Mellon Research Institute (CMRI) maintained the industrial research objective of the Mellon Institute, which had been carried out on a contract basis for business and government. After CMRI disbanded in 2001, its programs were absorbed by other university divisions or separated into other organizations.
Between Schenley Park and the communities of Squirrel Hillside, Shadyside, and Oakland sits the crucial 157.2-acre (63 ha) Carnegie Mellon University. The College of Pittsburgh is an institution that is west of the university. In Pittsburgh's Oakland and Squirrel Hill districts, Carnegie Mellon owns 81 buildings.
The university's student union, Skibo Hall, served as the hub of campus student lives for many years. Skibo Hall's graph, constructed in the 1950s, was originally a typical example of Mid-Century Modern design but was ill-prepared to handle improvements in laptop and internet access. To create room for a brand-new student union with complete Wi-Fi capabilities, the previous Skibo Hall was destroyed in the summer of 1994. Construction on the building, often referred to as the University Center, began in 1996. In honor of Jared Cohon, the ninth head of state of the college, the Carnegie Mellon College Facility was renamed the Cohon College Facility in 2014. A large green space dubbed "The Reduced" forms the school's spinal column, with a smaller green space called "The Shopping center" working vertically.
"The Reduced" was formerly constructed using earth from a neighboring hill flattened to construct the College of Fine Arts building to fill a ravine (thus the name). The Gates Hillman Complex, Smith Hall, and Newell-Simon Hall are located in the northwest corner of the campus, which was formerly purchased from the U.S. Bureau of Mines in the 1980s.
Walking to the Sky, an 80-foot-tall sculpture formerly placed in the Forbes Avenue garden between Warner Hall and the Cohon University Center by Carnegie Mellon Trustee Jill Gansman Kraus was presented by Kraus in 2006. The artwork was divisive because of its positioning, the neighborhood's longstanding difficulty of entry, and its (lack of) aesthetic appeal. Since 2011, Carnegie Mellon has purchased all of its electrical energy from sources that are 100% renewable.
The Robert Mehrabian Collaborative Innovation Center, a luxury, full-service hotel, and a shopping and eating complex along Forbes Avenue were all part of Carnegie Mellon's proposals in April 2015 for a second office building. This complex will link the Tepper Quadrangle, Heinz University, Tata Consulting Solutions Construction, and Gates-Hillman Facility to create a development route on the university campus. The goal is to keep encouraging main corporate collaborations to open doors for staff and student employment, research, and instruction.
Campus Architecture and Design
George Carnegie Palmer and Henry Hornbostel of Palmer & Hornbostel won the 1904 competition to create the founding organization, and they went on to build the Carnegie Mellon Institution of Style. Advancing the work that the school's Beaux-Arts architectural design began.
In the years between the first and second World Wars, there was little connection with the university. In their master plan from 1938, Githens and Kelly recommended acquiring extra land along Forbes Avenue, but the concept was never completely implemented.
Between 1952 and 1971, the Carnegie Institute of Innovation became Carnegie Mellon University, beginning with the expansion of the Hall of the Arts building (formerly the property of the Finish Institution of Commercial Administration). More structures were sought as the university's reputation in synthetic knowledge, business, robotics, and the arts grew throughout the nation. Additionally, a growing student population created a demand for more student life, sports, and library resources. Later, the site was lifted from its special location along Schenley Park to Forbes Avenue.
Since the 1930s, Worldwide Design has gained popularity in urban settings, especially in Germany and other countries in Main Europe, because it rejected historical tradition and stresses functionalism and architectural expression. The structures from this period reflect current views on architectural design. Due to the break in the building project and a general unwillingness among American higher education institutions to give up historical styles, it took longer than expected to reach the Carnegie site. During the 1960s, President Richard Cyert's (1972-1990) administration saw growth and progress throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Early in the 1970s, the research budget was around $12 million per year; by the late 1980s, it had increased to more than $110 million. The institution was able to build on its reputation because of the efforts of scholars in emerging sectors like robotics and software engineering. One instance of this strategy in action is introducing the university's "Andrew" computer network in the middle of the 1980s.
Numerous of its graduate applications have received rankings in local, national, and international polls.
Carnegie Mellon tied for the twenty-second spot with Emory University and Georgetown University in U.S. News & World Report's rankings of American research universities for 2022-2023. Inning accordance with U.S. Information, Carnegie Mellon flaunts 16 of the leading 5 finish programs in the nation, and 16 of its finish programs are placed in the leading 10 across the country. Three of these programs are ranked first: information and technology management, programming languages, and artificial intelligence.
According to Times Higher Education, Carnegie Mellon is rated twenty-eighth globally, 52nd according to Q.S. World University Rankings, 97th according to ARWU, and tied for 102nd according to U.S. News. Newsweek originally included Carnegie Mellon as one of the "New Ivies." The Wall Street Journal ranked Carnegie Mellon first in the field of laptop science, fourth in the field of finance, tenth overall, and twenty-first in the field of engineering in 2010, according to recruiters. The "Best Colleges by Salary Potential (Bachelor's only)" list published by PayScale in 2016-17 places Carnegie Mellon at number thirteen. The Tepper School of Business at Carnegie Mellon came in at number 12 in a Bloomberg Businessweek survey of the nation's business schools in 2018.
The School of Drama was ranked third among undergraduate drama schools worldwide by The Hollywood Reporter in 2016. In 2015, the same book gave the School of Drama's MFA program a fifth-place global ranking.
According to Times Higher Education's rankings for 2020, Carnegie Mellon's Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences placed sixty in the world for humanities and fifty-five for social sciences. Additionally, among the top 100 institutions in the world, according to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Dietrich College is placed twentieth for social sciences. Together with being among the 13 American agents among the 29 individuals in the World Financial Forum's Worldwide College Leaders Online discussion forum, Carnegie Mellon is likewise among the 66 chosen participants of the Organization of American Colleges. Carnegie Mellon admittance is deemed among the "most selective" by U.S. News & World Report. Carnegie Mellon received 34,261 applications for the class of 2026 (entering in the autumn of 2022), admitting about 3,800 (11%) and 1,736 students enrolled. Carnegie Mellon received 32,896 applications for the class of 2025 (entering in the autumn of 2021), accepted 4,447 (13.5%) of them, and 1,896 of them enrolled. Carnegie Mellon received 26,189 applications for the class of 2024 (entering in autumn 2020), accepted 4,524 (17.3%), and enrolled 1,637 of them. Carnegie Mellon received 27,634 applications for the class of 2023 (entering in the autumn of 2019), accepted 4,265 (15.4%), and had 1,585 students enroll. Individual institutions and programs have admission rates ranging from 3% at the Carnegie Mellon School of Drama to 30% at the Carnegie Mellon School of Architecture.
The College of Engineering, which has 499 students, is the largest enrolment for 2025. Complying with it is the Mellon University of Scientific research, which has 266 trainees, and the Dietrich University of Humanities and Social Sciences, which has 391 trainees. The center's 50% range for students reading, writing, and math SAT scores was 700-760, while its 50% range for students' ACT composite scores was 33-35. Students from more than 70 nations and 48 U.S. states attended Carnegie Mellon in 2019. The cost of undergraduate education in 2019-2020 is $57,119, while room and board cost $14 972.