Difference Between CD and DVD
CD and DVD both are essentially two different forms of an optical disk, each with a large storage capacity and high-quality definition. Their manufacturing methods and sizes distinguish them. A normal DVD can carry far more data than a CD. It's because CDs only have a polycarbonate substrate on one side. On the other hand, it can be found on both sides of a normal DVD. This article will cover the differences between CD and DVD in-depth. But first, let us get to know them individually.
Optical technology is used in both DVDs and CDs. We can extract data using light, particularly lasers, in this case. We focus a laser beam on the DVD or CD to read the data that the disk stores in the form of bits and then write the available content.
What is CD?
The term CD stands for Compact Disk. This technology was the first step in the field of digital information coding, which makes use of a novel coding methodology. A 14-bit code represents a computer memory unit in a CD. This coding method also aids in the error detection process. For a long time, the CD served as an adequate substitute for memory devices. It's because they used to provide a low-cost solution for those who needed to store large amounts of data or media.
The Compact Disk (CD) was the first step toward the concept of digital data encoding. It uses a unique method of encoding in which a 14-bit code indicates a byte, and this encoding technique also aids in error detection. It was an appropriate alternative for the magnetic disk as it offered a low-cost solution for storing large amounts of data.
The data is stored in the indented pits of the CD's first layer, which is made of polycarbonate plastic. A clear glass base is also provided by this layer. The term "land" refers to a region that is flat or unindebted. The programmed disk is protected by a thin layer of aluminium, which is subsequently covered by a protective acrylic coating. The disk is stamped with a label in the final section. The pits are arranged in a spiral track radiating outward from the disk's centre, with the index information stored at the disk's beginning to reduce the chance of damage. The pits' length and width are 0.8-3 and 0.5 microns, respectively.
The stored bits are read by shining a laser light on the spinning disk's polycarbonate portion. An indented portion of the disk reflects the light detected by the photodetector. Compact discs come in a variety of formats, including CD-R, CD-RW, and CD-ROM.
What is DVD?
The term DVD stands for Digital Versatile Disk. It includes a videotape that can be used in a tape recorder (sometimes called a Video Container Recorder) as well as fixed storage that can be used in a computer. In this case, a videodisc may carry nearly seven times more information than a CD. It can also acquire videos and media with excellent image quality, which users can access at any time. The material used to make a videodisc is comparable to that used to make a CD, but the construction procedures are different. As a result, the layers are also different per unit area. A DVD can be played on both sides. It corrects errors using EFMplus and RS-PC codes.
The dense packing of the bits, the use of a shorter wavelength laser, and the production of a two-sided disc are the reason for its larger size than a CD (data can be read from write to both sides). A short wavelength laser is used to obtain the smaller spacing of about 0.74 microns between the spiral tracks and the minimum distance of 04 microns between the pits.
On the standard layer, it has a dual layer of pits and lands, with a semi-reflective layer on top of the reflective layer. The laser must be accurately focused to read the layers' content independently on DVD. DVD, like CD, has variations such as DVD-R, DVD-RW, etc.
Formats of DVD
Originally, DVD technology was based on three basic formats, the presence of which was governed by special requirements for various DVD applications: -
We used DVD-ROM to record data, including multimedia, used in computer technology.
We used DVD-Video when recording video materials for later viewing on video equipment or using a DVD-ROM drive connected to a computer. The format protects information from being copied illegally.
We used DVD-Audio when we recorded high-quality multichannel sound. In addition, the DVD Forum recommends additional support for videos, graphics, and other information.
Types of DVDs
There are various types of DVDs:
Difference Between CD and DVD
Key Differences Between CD and DVD