What is the full form of CDS
CDS: Combined Defence Services
CDS stands for Combined Defence Services. It is an examination that Union Public Service Commission conducts. It is usually conducted to recruit officers from the Indian Naval Academy and Indian Military Academy.
The Combined Defence Service exam is conducted on a merit basis twice a year, and a candidate has to go through many rounds to qualify for the Combined Defence Services. It is considered prestigious if an individual gets through this exam and gets into the service.
The exam is conducted in April and September and is conducted twice a year.
There is a long list of eligibility criteria to apply for the Combined Defence Services. So, those who want to see themselves as a CDS officer must first fulfil all these criteria factors.
The eligibility criteria is as follows;
A candidate must be a
A candidate may be admitted to the exam provisionally with the condition that the Government of India should give the necessary certificate to them before the declaration of the result by the Union Public Services Commission. It is a must for the candidates if they fall under the categories (4) and (5).
Process of Examination
There are two stages in the examination. One is Written, and the other is Service Selection Board Interview.
Coming to the subjects and their marks;
The student will have to choose the language of the question paper between English and Hindi.
The exam is scheduled to be conducted on 04th September 2022, while the registration for the exam starts on 18th May 2022. Candidates planning to attend the exam should check the documents for any discrepancies, and if they find something, they should report it to the exam conducting authorities to rectify it.
In the Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy and Naval Academy entrance exams, all the question papers are of objective type. There are three subjects for the candidate to write, each consisting of 100 marks with three hundred marks. The subjects in the test are English, General Knowledge and Elementary maths.
The entrance exam for the Officers' Training Academy consists of just two subjects each for 100 maximum marks. The two subjects on the test are English and General Knowledge, totalling two hundred marks.
Intelligence and Personality Test
As said earlier, a candidate has to go through two interview rounds conducted by the Services Selection Board. The candidates who successfully cleared stage I are the only ones eligible to attend the stage II interview of the Services Selection Board.
The personality assessment of the candidate is conducted by three distinctive officers: The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. The IO, GTO and Psychologist award marks to the candidate based on the candidate's overall performance in all the tests. There is no particular weightage for each of the tests.
Test by Air Force Board
After the Intelligence and Personality Test, candidates must undergo an Air Force Selection Board interview. In this case, only the candidates who got here through the Combined Defense Services Exam are called again for OLQ testing for Army, Navy and Officers' Training Academy.
In the CDS I 2020 exam, the vacancies open for Indian Military Academy are 100, 32 vacancies for Air Force Academy, 45 Vacancies for Indian Naval Academy and, 225 vacancies for Men in Officers' Training Academy and, 16 vacancies for Women in Officers' Training Academy comprising a total of 418 vacancies.
General Requirements for the UPSC CDS Application Form
These all are the mandatory requirements to apply for CDS services. Documentation is a crucial part of UPSC Services. It is possible that even if you get through all the rounds in the exam, if your documentation fails, you will not be able to join.
Every candidate should get trained for Cadet training. Here in training, each candidate gets a stipend. The stipend starts from Rs. 56,100 per month as basic pay. Then the candidates are put into various defence training centres. The training period that a candidate is in is not considered a commissioned service. If the candidates successfully clear their commissioned service, the Combined Defence Services salary will reach the tenth level. The starting hierarchy in Combined Defence Services is Lieutenant.
The Lieutenant's salary ranges from Rs. 56,100 to Rs. 1,77,500. Later comes captain, Major, Lt Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier, Major General, Lieutenant General HAG Scale, HAG+Scale, Lieutenant General, and COAS. The gross fixed salary of officers from Military Service Pay is 15,500 per month.
Perks to CDS Officers
Besides salary, there are many perks and allowances which CDS officers can experience. These include allowances like ;
The amount of the allowances is as follows;
Other allowances include free ration, uniform allowance of Rs. 20,000 per month, Transport Allowance of which are Rs. 7,200 per month and Rs. 3,600 per month to other places. For higher TPTA cities like Lucknow, Kolkata, Delhi, Patna, Kanpur, Ahmadabad, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kozhikode, Nagpur, Indore, Greater Mumbai, Ghaziabad, Pune, Coimbatore and Chennai, travel allowances are valid.
Note: The allowance of TPTA is only for those provided with Government Transport Facility. The 14th level pay officers are assigned to use office cars and have a perk to avail allowance of Rs. 15,750.
Combined Defence Service is a prestigious job.
Moreover, the CDS exam is one of the crucial stages of getting into the Defence services. This exam examines the candidate properly to decide if a candidate is a good fit for the services or not. People have a myth that it is hard to clear until and unless you have a more intelligence quotient. But the fact is that if you are smart enough and have the strong willpower to prepare for it, you can easily crack it.