Difference between Central Bank and Commercial Bank
Banks are the most essential aspects of an individual's life. All the life savings of an individual, including salary, funds, investments, etc., are kept in the bank accounts. It depends upon us as to which bank we want to deposit our money in. Banks are the monetary authorities of the nation. The state bank and reserve bank are the two most important banks in India. Banks are required for stabilizing the economy. So, today we will be discussing about the commercial bank and central bank. There are several differences between the commercial bank and central bank, which we will discuss later. Let us begin by understanding the primary meaning of these terms.
The bank which takes care of the monetary policy of the state is called as the Central Bank. Central Bank has the monetary authority of the nation. It is also called as the Reserve Bank. The policies formed by the Central Bank have to be followed by the other small banks. The main objective of the Central Bank is to stabilize the economy, reduce unemployment, keep an eye on the monetary matters of the country, and prevent inflation. Examples of Central Bank include the European Central Bank, the Federal Reserve Bank, Bank of Japan, etc. The government owns the Central Bank under the Ministry of Finance department. Commercial bank is the biggest bank in the nation. The rules and policies are made by this bank. The Central Bank of India is located in Mumbai, also known as the financial capital of India. Central Bank performs many functions. For instance, they serve as the agent and advisor to the government, controller of credit, clearing house, etc. The first central bank was Riksbank, which was established in the year 1668 by Johan Palmstruch.
A commercial bank is an institution that receives the deposits of the people and then provides loans for investment and profit earning. These banks provide basic financial facilities and products like the certificate of deposit (CD), saving accounts, etc. Examples of Commercial Bank includes Dena Bank, Corporation Bank, State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, etc. A Commercial Bank has various functions like accepting deposits, utility functions, granting loans, etc. Commercial Banks are the banks whose main purpose is to yield profits. These banks do banking business in order to earn profits. Commercial Banks are also known as the Depository Financial Institution. The largest commercial bank in India is the State Bank of India. It is a public sector bank.
State Bank is also one of the richest banks in India. The first bank established in India under the SBI was the Bank of Calcutta in the year 1806. Now, let us discuss the contrasting points between the Commercial Bank and Central Bank.
So, these are some of the significant points of contrast between the Central Bank and the Commercial Bank. Well, both of these banks perform several functions for maintaining economic stability in the nation. So, let us discuss some functions of these banks.
Functions of Central Bank
Functions of Commercial Bank
So, these are some of the functions of the Commercial Bank and Central Bank. Both of these banks are essential for maintaining economic stability in the country. Central Bank is owned by the government, while both public and private sectors own the Commercial Bank. Thus, both Commercial Bank and Central Bank are necessary parts of the nation.