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What is the full form of CLAT

CLAT: Common Law Admission Test

CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test. For admission to India's 22 National Law Universities (NLU), the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a centralized, national-level entrance examination. These scores are also used for admission to most privately and independently funded law schools in India.

CLAT full form


Before the Common Law Admission Test was created, the National Law Universities administered their exclusive entrance examinations, requiring the applicants to study for and show up for each test independently.

CLAT full form

The administration schedules of these tests occasionally clashed with one another or with other significant entrance exams, such as the Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination and the National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test. As a result, pupils missed tests and were under a lot of stress.

With the rise of other law schools seeking to hold their admission tests simultaneously, students found it challenging to prepare for them. They discussed the subject of having a uniform admission exam to alleviate the strain on students of taking several tests from time to time.

The Union of India was asked by the Chief Justice of India to confer with the National Law Universities to have a single test. The Bar Council of India enthusiastically backed the move.

Following several similar discussions, the Vice-Chancellors of the seven National Law Universities signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on November 23 2007, to administer a uniform admission test. Nonetheless, the issue has not been resolved because other national law schools did not participate in CLAT.


The test is only open to NRIs and Indian citizens. Foreign nationals interested in enrolling in any course at one of the participating law universities should immediately contact the institution for openings by them. The minimum educational need, minimum score, and age restriction are all specified in the CLAT eligibility standards published by the Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs).

The candidate must meet the following criteria to be eligible:

  • Senior Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or Undergraduate Courses. An aged secondary school/intermediate certificate (10+2) or equivalent from a recognized
  • Board with at least 45% overall marks (40% for S.C. and S.T. applicants) is required. There is no maximum age limit for taking the test.
  • Post-Graduate Courses\sLL. B/B. L. Still, they must present documentation proving they passed the qualifying examination with at least 50%, depending on the circumstance, on the admission date.

CLAT 2023 Eligibility Requirements

Before applying, candidates must meet the CLAT eligibility requirements for 2023 to be considered for the national-level law entrance exam. The CLAT 2023 eligibility requirements are stated in terms of educational needs, minimum passing grades, age restrictions, and other factors.

CLAT Exam Format

This is a 120-minute law school admission exam. There are five sections in the CLAT examination paper where candidates must respond to questions about subjects like G.K, G.K. legal, current events, Math for elementary school based on numerical ability, Legal Knowledge, Syllogism, English with a focus on Comprehension, Numerical aptitude, Legal Analysis.

Beginning with CLAT 2020, every question will be centred on paragraphs. There will be 5-6 follow-up questions for each section. The overall score breakdown is displayed below.

  • English- 30 points.
  • G.K.- 37 points.
  • Maths-15 points
  • Reasoning logically - 30 points.
  • Legal acumen-38 points

Candidates receive one mark for each correct response under the grading system.

And each incorrect response results in a 0.25-point deduction from their final score.

List Of National Law Schools

There are 22 law schools registered for CLAT 2020. 37 Other law schools may use the scores, and so can other partner law schools. Additionally, many public entities, like Oil India and the Oil and Natural Gas Company, will likely use CLAT PG scores to evaluate applicants. A list of a few national law schools includes

  • Sonipat, Haryana's Dr B.R. Ambedkar National Law University
  • Nagpur's Maharashtra National Law University
  • Delhi National Law University
  • Patiala's Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law
  • Raipur's Hidayatullah National Law University
  • Gandhinagar's Gujarat National Law University
  • National Advanced Legal Studies University, Kochi
  • Assam's National Law and Judicial Academy
  • Trichy's Tamil Nadu National Law University
  • The Kolkata-based West Bengal National University of Judicial Sciences
  • Ranchi's National Law Study and Research University
  • National Law University, as well as Cuttack and Odisha

A Summary of CLAT Courses

Based on CLAT scores, the National Law Universities (NLUs) in India (apart from NLU Delhi) and other prestigious law institutions admit students to coordinated five-year LLB programmes and LLM seminars.

The available courses are:

  • BA LLB (Bachelor of Arts LLB)
  • LLB BSc (Bachelor of Science LLB)
  • BSc LLB (LLB with a Bachelor of Commerce)
  • LLB BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration LLB)
  • LLB BSW (Bachelor of Social Work LLB)
  • LLM (Master of Laws) (Master of Laws)

List of Colleges for CLAT Admission

In addition to more than 50 private law schools in India, CLAT is used to determine admissions to 22 NLUs. The following colleges are listed that use CLAT scores:

  • Bangalore's National Law School of India University
  • Jodhpur's National Law University
  • Bhopal's National Law Institute University
  • Lucknow's Dr Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University
  • Mumbai's Maharashtra National Law University

Importance of CLAT Exam

The CLAT exam is significant in and of itself, and it is a fantastic platform for prospective candidates to realize their long-term objectives. Everyone wants to get a good profile in this era of intense competition and to achieve this. They must work hard and establish a solid societal reputation. To get a decent spot in NLU, the CLAT examination is essential, and there are approximately 50000 to70000 participants for this exam. After passing, you can choose reputable universities where you can pursue a legal degree, which places graduates in desirable positions with respectable firms.

Getting ready for the CLAT!

CLAT full form

It's essential to become familiar with various planning techniques and methods repeatedly shown to be beneficial.

  • Plan out your everyday and study routines. Spend no time on meaningless activities. Exercise and meditate to improve your health. Maintain a focused and stress-free mind.
  • Adhere to the test pattern
  • Understand the examination pattern and marking scheme.
  • Examine the entire syllabus
  • Cover key aspects of the curriculum.
  • Attempt Mock Examinations. Mock examinations are crucial in determining exam achievement, and your performance in mock tests predicts how you will fare in the actual test.
  • Read all areas of the syllabus carefully.
  • Prepare your research.
  • Make notes and jot down key points from your studies. It is much easier to learn from your messages than from books, and these notes will be helpful in the final 30 days of CLAT preparation.
  • Talk to your friends and teachers about it.
  • Talk about the curriculum and notes with your friends and teachers.
  • Learn to think positively and remain positive. Remove negative ideas by pursuing activities that pique your attention.
  • Have a comprehensive plan for every area of the CLAT to provide applicants with a better knowledge of how to approach the CLAT test.

During CLAT preparation, the English section. Reading, grammar, and vocabulary skills in English should be adequate. They are essential for planning.

Important Information for CLAT Application Form

All information supplied in the form will be checked as part of the CLAT counselling document verification procedure. Exam officials will request that all necessary documents be presented in original condition. They may disqualify the candidate if incorrect information is mentioned on the application form.

CLAT full form

Additionally, merely meeting the requirements is not a guarantee of admission, as the ultimate CLAT seat allocation will depend on the candidate's merit score on the online test.

CLAT Counselling

CLAT Counselling method is Online. For CLAT UG, approximately 15,000 applicants will be contacted, and 3,000 applicants will be called for CLAT counselling. Five rounds will be used to conduct it online. The seat allocation for all national law universities taking part in the standard admission process will be made public by the consortium following each round of admissions.

CLAT Counselling Fee

The CLAT counselling fee is Rs. 30,000. The counselling cost for candidates who are S.C. and S.T. is Rs 20,000. While registering for counselling, candidates can pay the counselling price online. They will modify the NLU course fee together with the counselling fee.

CLAT full form


Due to controversies surrounding the CLAT-2009 exam, which was initially scheduled to take place on May 17, 2009, they moved it to May 31. As a result of the

The organizer's fault was errors in up to 12 questions in the various portions of the CLAT-2011 exam that had their correct answers underlined. Additionally, students felt that the exam was too lengthy for the time allotted, which left them unhappy (i.e. 2 hours).

Several problems, including claims that they set questions that were not on the syllabus and did not follow the pre-declared pattern, tainted the CLAT-2012 exam. The proclaimed rank list also featured an error, which led to the removal of the initial list and the posting of a new one. Multiple inaccuracies were present in the declared question-answer keys, which led to the offended pupils filing cases with several High Courts. GNLU, Gandhinagar administered the CLAT-2014 and received harsh criticism for its poor administration, with the results retracted and re-announced.

They had even brought up legal actions for reconsideration. Students insisted that the uploaded OMRs be physically validated. Therefore, permission was granted on the GNLU campus.

Also, the English paper for CLAT 2017 contained several mistakes. Due to server issues, students taking the CLAT-2018 exam moved to the Supreme Court. The Court, however, declined to mandate a re-examination. NLSIU declared in 2020 that it would stop participating in CLAT and start its entrance exam, the National Law Aptitude Test (NLAT). However, the separate entrance test that was administered was invalidated by the Indian Supreme Court. One question in the mathematics section, which assumed that a person's expenses would equal 105% of their income, was allegedly wrong in 2021. After receiving harsh criticism, they removed one of the questions in the legal reasoning portion.


The candidate's merit rank and the NLU preference they have chosen are taken into consideration while allocating CLAT seats. Each law school will receive a seat allocation for CLAT 2023 in one of five rounds.

Candidates will be given the following choices following each round of seat allocation:

  1. Accept the assigned seat and finish the admissions procedure.
    submit an upgrade request and the NLU charge
  2. Leave the application procedure.

Following the Round 5 seat allocation, the contender has two choices:

  1. Take the seat that is offered
  2. Abandon the application procedure.

The candidate must pay the NLU fees and finish the admission requirements to receive a seat. The applicant may withdraw from the admissions process without paying the admission fee if they are dissatisfied with the centre they have been assigned.

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