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Difference between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network

The main difference between peer-to-peer and client-server network, is that, in a peer-to-peer network, every node can demand for services and deliver services, but we if talk about client-server, in client-server, the client node can demand for services and the server node can reply with services.

The device which is in the network can communicate with each other. There are two types of network types one is peer-to-peer, and another is client-server. In a client-server network, many clients can connect to a server. The clients need services, and the server offers needed services. However, in a peer-to-peer network, we don't have any clients or servers. Instead, all nodes can act as clients or servers. In other words, every node can request services and deliver services.

What is Client-Server Network?

A client-server network is also known as a network computing model. In this, we have clients and servers. A client includes a device or a program. Using this, end users can access the web. There are various examples of clients such as web browsers, laptops, desktops, smartphones, etc. A server includes a program or device that replies to the clients with the services. It offers databases, files, web pages, and shared resources based on their type.

In a client-server network, the client requests services from the server. The server reacts to client requests by rendering the necessary service after listening to their queries. A client-server network's key benefit is that it is safer because the server constantly controls access and security. Additionally, making backups is simpler. However, it is not very dependable because a server failure will impair the clients' ability to work. Additionally, the setup and maintenance costs are high.

Client-Server Network Example

The World Wide Web consortium is one of the most well-known examples of client-server architecture. In this, internet users, people like us, act as clients requesting information from the servers, and the servers reply by providing the precise information that was asked for.

Advantages of Client Server Network

The following are the advantages of client server network:

  • The client-server network offers a good user interface, and can handle files easily.
  • In a client-server network, we can share the resources easily.
  • Users have the freedom to access files stored in the central storage from any location.
  • The client-server network has complete control over all network processes and activities because it is a centralised network.

What We Need to Know About Client-Server Network

The following is the list of some important things which we need to know about the client-server network:

  1. The main focus of the Client-Server Network is on information sharing. However, the server can distribute its resources such as computing power or hard drive space with the network.
  2. Client-Server Network is more scalable and stable.
  3. In order to store data in a client-server network, a centralized server is used. Data backup and protection are made simpler by centralised file storage.
  4. In Client-Server Network, client and server are distinct, and there are particular servers and clients.
  5. In Client-Server Network, the client requests a service, and the server provides it.
  6. It costs a lot of money to implement client-server. A separate computer must be used to serve as the server, and because a server needs more processing power, a high-performance machine is necessary.
  7. The access time for a service is longer in client-server networks because more client's requests services from a server.
  8. If the number of clients increases, there are no performance issues with the client-server setup. This is because the server handles most of the heavy lifting and the clients are not needed to share their computing resources.
  9. When compared to peer-to-peer networks, client-server networks are far more secure. This is due to the server's ability to authenticate a client's access to any network resource.
  10. The clients in a client-server network reply on the server. The operation of every client will be interfered with if the server fails. Hence it is unreliable.

Peer-to-Peer Network

Difference between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network

This model does not distinguish between clients and servers; each node acts as both a client and server. Every node in a peer-to-peer network has the ability to request and provide service. A node is also called a peer.

In a peer-to-peer network, a node joins the network and begins offering services, and then asks other nodes for services. Which node offers which service can be determined using one of two ways. The service that a node offers is registered with a centralised lookup service. Any node that needs a service consults the centralised lookup to determine which node offers particular facilities.

Then, communication occurs between the service-providing and service-requesting nodes. In the alternative technique, a node that needs particular services can broadcast a message to all other nodes that need the same service. The node with the necessary service responds to the node making the request by giving the desired service.

Peer-to-Peer networks have a number of benefits. It is simpler to keep up. To maintain the network, no specialist expertise is required. One machine is not the only thing that the network depends on. Additionally, the network setup doesn't call for a lot of hardware. Peer-to-peer networks, on the other hand, lack security significantly. Keeping an ordered file structure might be challenging as well. Additionally, users are responsible for managing their own backups.

Peer-to-Peer Network Example

One of the most well-known peer-to-peer networks is torrent. All computer in this kind of network is linked to the internet, allowing users to download resources shared by any one computer.

The local area network (LAN), which is typically preferred by small workplaces for the purpose of resource sharing, is another frequently used example of the peer-to-peer network.

Advantages of Peer-to-Peer Network

The following are the advantages of peer-to-peer networks:

  • Each device linked to the peer-to-peer network exchanges resources with other network nodes.
  • The setup of a peer-to-peer network is easily established with the help of specialized software.
  • Between several devices, resources are exchanged without any issues.
  • Peer-to-peer networks are very reliable because other systems continue to function even when a server fails.
  • Being a part of a peer-to-peer network makes it simple for nodes to share resources like a

What You Need to Know About Peer-To-Peer Network

  1. The main focus of the peer-to-peer groups is on connectivity. We can mostly find it in small offices and homes where centralized access to files or services is unnecessary.
  2. In a peer-to-peer network, every pair contains its own data, and the server is decentralized.
  3. It is less expensive to implement the peer-to-peer network. The simplest peer-to-peer networks can be created by connecting two computers tother using an Ethernet cable.
  4. If the number of peers increases then, the peer-to-peer network would be less stable,
  5. In this network, the client and server cannot be distinguished.
  6. In a peer-to-peer network, each node is able to request and respond to the services.
  7. Compared to a client-server network, the peer-to-peer network is less secure, and it becomes trickier if the number of clients increases.
  8. In a peer-to-peer network, there are multiple services-providing nodes hence it is more reliable.
  9. Since all resources in a peer-to-peer network are shared, performance issues are quite likely to arise in the case of a large number of clients.
  10. Because the service-providing nodes in a peer-to-peer network are dispersed, the service-requesting nodes do not have a wait very long.

Difference Between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network

Difference between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network
Basis of Comparison Client-Server Network Peer-to-Peer Network
Basic In a client-server network, we have a specific server and specific clients connected to the server. In a peer-to-peer network, clients are not distinguished; every node act as a client and server.
Expense A Client-Server network is more expensive to implement. A Peer-to-Peer is less expensive to implement.
Stability It is more stable and scalable than a peer-to-peer network. It is less stable and scalable, if the number of peers increases in the system.
Data In a client-server network, the data is stored in a centralized server. In a peer-to-peer network, each peer has its own data.
Server A server may get overloaded when many customers make simultaneous service requests. A server is not bottlenecked since the services are dispersed among numerous servers using a peer-to-peer network.
Focus Sharing the information. Connectivity.
Service The server provides the requested service in response to the client's request. Each node has the ability to both request and delivers services.
Performance Because the server does the bulk of the work, performance is unaffected by the growth of clients. Because resources are shared in a big peer-to-peer network, performance will likely to suffer.
Security A Client-Server network is a secured network because the server can verify a client's access to any area of the network, making it secure. The network's security deteriorates, and its susceptibility grows as the number of peers rises.

Key Differences Between Client-Server and Peer-to-Peer Network

  • The main distinction between client-server and peer-to-peer networks is that client-server networks have a dedicated server and specialised clients, whereas peer-to-peer networks allow any node to operate as both a client and a server.
  • The importance of connectivity between peers is greater in the peer-to-peer architecture than in the client-server approach.
  • In the client-server network, each peer has its own data, in contrast to the client-server network, where data is stored on a single server.
  • In the client-server network, the server gives the client services. Peer-to-peer, on the other hand, allows each peer to both requests and deliver services.
  • The client-server network is more stable and scalable than a peer-to-peer,
  • The client-server network is more costly than peer-to-peer network.
  • Peer-to-peer systems have distributed servers, which reduces the likelihood that a server would become bottlenecked. Client-server systems, on the other hand, have a single server that serves all the clients, increasing the likelihood that a server will become bottlenecked.

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