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What is the full form of CM

CM: Chief Minister

CM stands for Chief Minister. He or She is the leader of the ruling party in government in a state. He or she is selected from among all of the members of the party that gained the most votes in the general election. He or she is the head of the executive branch of the government. Every move taken by the government is under his or her control. Moreover, he or she coordinates between the state and the federal government.

CM Full Form

The appointment of a Chief Minister is the first element in the foundation of a ministry. The state's chief minister is elected from among the party leaders who received the highest proportion of votes in the assembly elections. The executive leader of the state is often referred to as the chief minister. Arvind Kejriwal is the current CM of Delhi as of September 2022. The governor's responsibility is to select the chief minister. Every state (28 states) and the two union territories (currently Delhi and Puducherry) have chief ministers.

Chief Minister is the state government's most senior and powerful officer. The function of the Governor in appointing the chief minister and other ministries is clarified in Section 164 of the constitution. Section 167 of the constitution describes the responsibilities of the chief minister.

The chief minister serves the state in the same capacity as the prime minister serves the federal government.

Duties of Chief Minister

Article 167 of the Indian Constitution, outlines the important duties of the Chief Minister.

i) Concerning Governor

  • The Governor seeks the CM's advice on matters about the appointment of important officials, such as the State Public Service Commission's chairman and members, and the Advocate General.
  • According to Article 167, the chief minister must inform the governor about any decisions made by the cabinet concerning the administration and law.

ii) Concerning the Council of Ministers

The council of ministers' collective responsibility is to the state legislature. The council of ministers consists of ministers who are in charge of their respective departments or ministries, such as the External Affairs Ministry, Ministry of Textiles, etc. The Cabinet is another name for the council of ministers.

  • The chief minister decides how the ministers' portfolios are distributed and rearranged.
  • The CM must lead and protect its council during any discussions by providing guidance and protection.
  • He is essential in ensuring that the council's decisions are sound and well-reasoned.
  • The council of ministers is automatically terminated at the resignation or death of the CM.
  • In the event of a disagreement with a minister, he may advise the governor to remove the minister.
  • The state's political climate also determines how powerful the CM is in the Council of Ministers.

iii) Concerning the Legislature

The Legislature is the collective name for all MLAs (members of the legislative assembly) present at a legislative assembly. A governor and one or two houses make up a legislature. The two chambers are the legislative council, also known as Vidhan Parishad, and the legislative assembly, also known as Vidhan Sabha.

A state's legislative assembly, or Vidhan Sabha, can have up to 500 members. The legislative assembly is chosen by elections in the state's territorial constituencies. A state's legislative assembly can have up to one-third of its total members serve on the Legislative Council/ Vidhan Parishad, which must have at least 40 members.

  • The chief minister is responsible for the legislation that is proposed to support governmental directives.
  • In addition, the Chief Minister intervenes in discussions and makes announcements, keeping the assembly informed of a variety of activities.

iv) Concerning the Executive

  • The chief minister is assisted in conducting state administration by the secretariat led by the chief secretary.
  • The chief minister approves appointments for upper-level positions such as secretaries, as well as at deputy level, HOD (head of the department), roles in the public sector, etc.
  • Administrative organisations and CM's channels, which include party workers, grievances, and others, evaluate overall effectiveness.

Other Duties of Chief Minister

  • He is a member of NITI Aayog's Governing Council; the organization's chairman is India's PM.
  • On the chief minister's recommendation, the governor has the authority to call for and adjourn parliamentary sessions.
  • He is a participant in the intergovernmental council.
  • As the head of the state, the CM engages with people from all social classes to learn about their concerns and find answers.
  • His position is just as crucial as the prime minister's in the centre.
  • In an emergency, he acts as a crisis manager.
  • The chief minister serves as the state planning board's chairperson.

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