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Difference between Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease

This is a disturbing time as the pandemic is taking a toll on us. People everywhere are dying due to the deadly COVID-19. Diseases like blank fungus, yellow fungus, etc., are also coming into being. People are suggested to stay inside their homes and do yogic practices and take care of themselves. Fortunately, the situation is under control, but in some areas, the disease is intact and growing. The fear of COVID-19 is lurking in the minds of people. Well, this is a fatal disease, and we have discussed it earlier in detail. So today, let's discuss about the other kinds of diseases, i.e., communicable and non-communicable diseases. Now, what are non-communicable and communicable diseases? Is it fatal? What are its symptoms? How can we overcome it? These questions are often asked by people having these disorders. So, let us start by knowing the fundamental definition of these terms.

Difference between Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease

Communicable Disease

Communicable diseases, as the name suggests, are diseases that are easily transmitted to the other person. These diseases are caused by some infections, pathogens, flu, hantavirus, Ebola, or human/ animal hosts. Some disorders under communicable diseases are measles, hepatitis A, B, C, blood-borne disease, etc. Now, these diseases are spread by sexual intercourse, contaminated food consumption, insect bites, skin contact, etc. Some common symptoms of communicable diseases are fever, fatigue, muscle pain, body pain, cough, cold, loss of weight, loss of appetite, etc. The history of communicable diseases has recorded four stages of illness, i.e., stage of exposure, the stage of infection, the stage of infectious disease, and the outcome stage. Communicable diseases move with these four stages. Before it becomes a fatal disease, one must take precautions and necessary medications to stop it at an early stage.

Non-Communicable Disease

A non-communicable disease is defined as the disease that cannot be transmitted from one person to another. They are generally chronic ailments that can last for a long time period. Diseases like cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory ailment, mental disorders, etc., are common non-communicable diseases. These are chronic ailments and can last lifelong. Diseases like diabetes cannot be cured fully, but they can be controlled by medications. These diseases can be caused due to eating tobacco, having alcohol, an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, etc. Out of these, the major cause of non-communicable disease is an unhealthy lifestyle. People live in particularly bad conditions, which leads them to have such diseases. Well, these disorders can be cured through medication, except for some. But it is important to note that these diseases can strike back after getting cured. For instance, if someone has blood cancer, once getting cured, the patient can still have blood cancer after a year or so. Therefore, it is important to have a good lifestyle in order to avoid contact with such ailments. Now, let us discuss the significant contrasting points between communicable and non-communicable diseases.

1. Communicable diseases are defined as diseases that are transferred from one person to another. On the other hand, non-communicable diseases are defined as diseases that cannot be transferred from one person to another.
2. The other name of communicable disease is an infectious disease. The other name of non-communicable disease is a chronic disease.
3. Communicable diseases do not last for long time periods. They are cured with medications. Non-communicable diseases last for longer durations, and they are kept under control through medications.
4. Communicable diseases can spread through contaminated surfaces, skin contact, sexual intercourse, etc. Non-communicable diseases are caused by the bad lifestyles of people.
5. The common symptoms of communicable diseases muscle pain, body ache, loss of appetite, cough, cold, etc. The common symptoms of non-communicable diseases include muscle pain, fatigue, loss of weight, etc.
6. The common communicable diseases are that of respiratory system like cold, influenza, etc. The common non-communicable diseases are that of cardiovascular ailments.
7. Communicable diseases are less severe. Non-communication diseases are more severe and have long-term effects on the body.
8. Communicable diseases do not have relapse periods. Non-communicable diseases can relapse midway during the treatment.
9. Accurate tests are available for communicable diseases. Accurate tests are not available for some non-communicable diseases.
10. Communicable diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria, pathogens, etc. Non-communicable diseases are spread by malnutrition, environmental changes, bad lifestyle, etc.
11. All communicable diseases can be cures except for HIV/ AIDS. Diabetes, cancer, etc., do not have a cure.
12. Communicable diseases are acute as they are developed and cured rapidly. Non-communicable diseases are chronic as they last for years or even a lifetime.
13. Communicable diseases can be cured by traditional methods of medications. Non-communicable diseases can be cured by special treatments.
14. Examples:
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis A, B, C
  • Malaria
  • Tuberculosis
  • Cholera
  • Typhoid
  • Allergies
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer
  • Heart disorders
  • Mental disorders

So, these are some of the significant contrasting points between non-communicable and communicable diseases. It is interesting to note that communicable and non-communicable diseases have specific side effects on the human body. Since communicable diseases are cured by medication, they do not have much effect on the body. On the contrary, non-communicable diseases have a grave effect on the body both internally and externally. Now, let us look at some of the characteristics and facts related to communicable and non-communicable diseases.

Characteristics of Communicable Diseases

  1. Communicable diseases spread through blood and body fluids.
  2. Communicable diseases begin with infections through a virus, bacteria, fungi, parasites, etc.
  3. They can spread either directly or indirectly.
  4. They can also spread by insect bites, having contaminated food or water, etc.
  5. Deaths in communicable diseases are caused by complex scenarios.

Characteristics of Non-Communicable Diseases

  1. These diseases are chronic and last for a long duration of time.
  2. They progress at a slow rate.
  3. The four major kinds of non-communicable diseases are cardiovascular ailments, chronic respiratory ailments, cancer, and diabetes.
  4. Non-communicable diseases account for 63% of the deaths, i.e., the majority of deaths take place through these non-communicable diseases.
  5. The deaths due to non-communicable diseases occur in low and middle-income countries.
  6. According to the WHO, over 36 million people die of non-communicable diseases every year.

So, these are some of the characteristics related to non-communicable and communicable diseases. These diseases take their time to cure, but non-communicable diseases can relapse during the medication or after that. Non-communicable diseases are not easily cured. Thus, communicable and non-communicable diseases occur in humans and can be cured/ controlled through medications.

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