Converting Integer Data Type to Byte Data Type Using Typecasting in JavaTypecasting is the process of converting one data type into another. In Java, it can be done explicitly using a typecast operator. When we convert a larger data type into a smaller data type, we need to use typecasting to avoid loss of data. In the case of converting an integer data type to a byte data type, we need to use the byte data type because it is smaller in size and takes up less memory. To perform the conversion, we can use a typecast operator followed by the variable we want to convert, like this: Syntax It will convert the integer value 10 to a byte value and store it in the variable b. Approach: Range CheckingRange checking is an important technique to ensure that a value is converted from one data type to another and falls within the acceptable range for the target data type. Suppose the value is outside of the range. In that case, we can handle the error condition appropriately by throwing an exception, displaying an error message, or taking other actions to prevent unexpected behaviour. In Java, we can perform range checking using conditional statements, such as ifelse statements or switch statements, to test whether a value is within the range of the target data type. For example, to convert an int value to a byte value while performing range checking, we could use the following code: Filename: RangeChecker.java Output: The number 42 is within the range of 0 and 100 Explanation: In this program, we define a variable num with a value of 42, and minimum and maximum values min and max of 0 and 100, respectively. We then use an if statement to check whether num is within the range of min and max. If it is, we print a message indicating that it is within the range. Otherwise, we print a message indicating that it is not within the range. Complexity Analysis: The given program has a time complexity of O(1) as it consists of only a single ifelse statement. It does a constant amount of work at each execution and the execution time is independent of the input size. Similarly, it has a space complexity of O(1) as it only uses a constant amount of memory to store the integer variables num, min, and max, as well as the output string. Overall, the program has a very low time and space complexity and is efficient in checking whether a given number is within a specified range. Approach: Byte conversion using division method.The approach used in this program is to perform integer to byte conversion by dividing the integer value by the range of byte data type and then checking if the division result is even or odd to determine the closest value to the division result based on the sign of the input value. Finally, the converted value is obtained by subtracting the closest byte value multiplied by the byte range from the input integer value. Filename: IntegerToByteConversion.java Output: The converted value is: 48 Explanation: To convert an integer value to a byte data type, this Java program initializes an input integer value and specifies the range of the byte data type that will be used for the conversion. It then calculates the division of the input value with the byte range and determines the ceiling and floor values of the division result. The closest value to the division result is then calculated based on the sign of the input value. Finally, the program checks if the division result is even or odd and converts the input value accordingly. If the division result is even, the input value is converted by subtracting the byte range multiplied by the division result. If the division result is odd, the input value is converted by subtracting the byte range multiplied by the closest value. The converted value is then printed to the console. Complexity Analysis: The complexity analysis of the given program can be broken down as follows: Space Complexity: The program uses a constant amount of space to declare and initialize variables and to print output. Therefore, the space complexity of the program is O(1). Time Complexity: The program performs a few basic arithmetic operations and conditional checks. The time complexity of the program depends on the number of operations performed. The program performs a constant number of arithmetic operations and conditional checks. Therefore, the time complexity of the program is O(1). In summary, the given program has a space complexity of O(1) and a time complexity of O(1). Top of Form
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