What is the full form of CPCB
CPCB stands for Central Pollution Control Board. It is a statutory organization which was constituted in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. It was also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. The CPCB is led by its chairman who is nominated by the Central Government. As of May 2018 Shri. S.P Singh Parihar is the Chairman of the CPCB.
CPCB provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests. As per the Water Act, 1974, and the Air Act, 1981, the key objectives of this organization is to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different parts of the States through prevention, control and abatement of water pollution and to improve the quality of air in order to prevent, control and reduce air pollution in the country.
The CPCB has an automatic monitoring station in New Delhi at ITO intersection. It regularly monitors the Resirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) etc.
Besides, it also runs National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP) to determine the current status of air quality and to control and regulate pollution from Industries and other similar sources to maintain air quality standards.