What is the full form of CPCB
CPCB stands for Central Pollution Control Board. It is a statutory organization that was constituted in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974. It was also entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981. The CPCB is led by its chairman, who is nominated by the Central Government. As of May 2018, Shri. S.P Singh Parihar is the Chairman of the CPCB.
CPCB provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests. As per the Water Act of 1974 and the Air Act of 1981, the key objectives of this organization are to promote the cleanliness of streams and wells in different parts of the States through prevention, control, and abatement of water pollution and to improve the quality of air in order to prevent, control and reduce air pollution in the country.
The CPCB has an automatic monitoring station in New Delhi at the ITO intersection. It regularly monitors the Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), etc.
Besides, it also runs National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP) to determine the current status of air quality and to control and regulate pollution from Industries and other similar sources to maintain air quality standards.
- Advise the Central Government on matters related to the prevention and control of water and air pollution
- Plan and execute nationwide programs to prevent and control water and air pollution
- Co-ordinate the activities of the State Board and resolve their disputes
- Provide training to the persons engaged in activities related to the prevention and control of water and air pollution
- Organize mass awareness programs on the prevention, control, or abatement of water and air pollution
- Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data on water and air pollution and measures devised to control water and air pollution
- Prepare manuals, codes, and guidelines regarding the treatment and disposal of sewage and trade effluents.
- Lay down, modify or annul the standards for stream or well in consultation with the respective State Governments
- Lay down the standards for the quality of air and perform similar functions as prescribed by the Government of India.
The most recent information from the Central Pollution Control Board:
- The 46th Foundation Day of CPCB was recently observed. In September 2020, the government will hold a webinar to mark the CPCB anniversary.
- There are 128 locations in India that are polluted by poisonous and dangerous compounds, according to the Central Pollution Control Board. Odisha came in second with 23 sites, after West Bengal with 27 sites. Some contamination instances include:
- Creeks in Eloor, Kerala, have heavy metal and pesticide pollution.
- Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, and Ganjam, Odisha, both have mercury pollution in their soil.
- Due to Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited's subsurface oil pipelines in Tamil Nadu leaking, there have been oil pollution.
- On the banks of the Ramganga River near Moradabad, there is improperly discarded electronic garbage.
- At Rania, Ranipet, Tamil Nadu, and Lohianagar, Uttar Pradesh, there is chromium pollution.
Organizational Chart for CPCB
The CPCB is headed by a chairman, who is followed by a member secretary and other board members. The nine key project budget headings listed below are how the CPCB carries out its varied tasks.
- Evaluation of pollution (survey and monitoring).
- R&D and lab administration.
- Industry-specific norms for emissions and effluents are being developed.
- library and information database management
- Technology for pollution prevention
- pollution prevention and control
- Publications and broad awareness
- Risk management for garbage