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C++ set emplace()

C++ set emplace() function is used to extend the set container by inserting new elements into the container. Elements are built directly (neither copied nor moved).

The constructor of the element is called by giving the arguments args passed to this function.

Insertion takes place only if key is not present already.

Syntax

Parameter

args: The arguments forwarded to construct an element to be inserted into the set.

Return value

The emplace() function returns a bool pair that will indicate if the insertion is occurred or not and returns an iterator pointing to the newly inserted element.

Complexity

Logarithmic in the container size.

Iterator validity

No changes.

Data Races

The container is modified.

Iterating ranges in the container is not safe although concurrently accessing exiting elements is safe.

Exception Safety

If an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the container.

Example 1

Let's see the simple example to insert the elements into the set:

Output:

Set contains following elements
a, b, c, d, e,

In the above example, it simply insert the element into the set m with the given key value pairs.

Example 2

Let's see a simple example to insert the element and check for the duplicate key:

Output:

  set modified, now contains 1 elements: (ten) 

Emplace failed, element with value "ten" already exists.
  The existing element is (ten)

In the above example, elements are inserted in the set and when you try to use the same key "ten" then it will display an error message that key "ten" is already exist.

Example 3

Let's see a simple example to find the sum of the inserted elements:

Output:

Sum of elements is: 30

Example 4

Let's see a simple example to insert the element:

Output:

Enter the number of family members: 3
Enter the name of each member: 
Bob
Robin
David

Total member of family is: 3
Details of family members: 

Name 
 ________________________
Bob 
David 
Robin

In the above example, it simply inserts the elements by the user's choice.






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