What is the full form of CRPF
CRPF: Central Reserve Police Force
CRPF stands for Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). It is a paramilitary force which is the largest Central Armed Police Force in India. CRPF works under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. Its primary goal is to assist the state and union territory governments in maintaining law and order in their territories. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India. The government of India has established the CRPR academy to train the young candidates who join the CRPF. As of July 2017, Sh Rajeev Rai Bhatnagar is the Director General of CRPF.
- The name CRPF is derived from the Crown Representative's Police (CRP) which was founded on 27 July 1939 to protect the British people living in the sensitive states of India.
- In 1949, under the CRPF Act, the CRP was renamed CRPF.
- On October 21, 1959, a small CRPF patrol was attacked by the Chinese soldiers and 10 out of the 20 CRPF soldiers sacrificed their lives for the country. To honor the martyrdom of these soldiers, October 21 is remembered as the Police Commemoration Day.
- In the 1960s, most of the state police battalions were merged with CRPF.
- Until 1965, CRPF was guarding the India-Pakistan Border later BSF was deployed to guard the border.
- It played an important role in curbing militant activities in Punjab during 1980s and insurgency in Tripura during 1990s.
- In 1992, a specialized unit of CRPF (Rapid Action Force) was established by converting 10 unattached battalions of CRPF to deal with riots.
- In 1986, the first Mahila Battalion in CRPF, the 88(M) Bn was established to handle women agitations.
- In 2001 Indian Parliament attack, CRPF killed all the five terrorists involved in the attack. In the same year, it was designated as the premier internal security force of India.
- In 2008, Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA), a specialized unit of CRPF was established to counter naxal operations.
Role of CRPF
- Crowd and Riot Control
- To counter Insurgency operations
- To counter Naxal operations
- Protection of VIPs and vital installations such as airports and powerhouses
- To provide security during elections in sensitive areas
- To support Armed forces during war times
- To monitor the environmental degradation and protect the local Flora and Fauna
- To participate in UN Peace Keeping Mission
- To conduct Rescue and Relief Operations during Natural Calamities