What is Cybercrime?
As the name says, "cyber" means computer and "crime" means something unfair and illegal, which collectively means a crime executed using computer technologies. It could be that the computer may be involved in the crime or a target of a big one. This could harm someone's privacy and finances.
It comprises a wide range of crimes such as cyber fraud, financial scams, cybersex trafficking, ad scams, etc. Many privacy concerns refer to cyber crime when the privacy is intercepted and disclosed. The World Economic Forum 2020 Global Risk Report confirmed that organized cybercrime bodies are joining forces to execute criminal activities online. This also affects global GDP and the world economy as financial scams related activities are more notable and popular in the cyber world.
1. Cyber Fraud
This refers to an act of stealing E-data or gaining unlawful use of another computer system. This usually involves accessing a computer without permission or authorization.
The forms of computer fraud involve
This could usually cause monetary or identity harm.
The act of terrorism is executed using computer technologies such as cyberspace or other computer resources. Acts of large-scale disruption mainly of computer networks connected to the internet using computer viruses and malware software. Government and IT specialists have recorded much increase in cyber terrorism since the early 2000s.
This could include-
3. Ad Fraud
Ad fraud particularly refers to a scam that uses ads as sense or a tool for baiting people for amazing opportunities. These got popularity in the cyber world as they are less likely to be prosecuted and are the most earnable.
These are mainly classified into three categories:-
4. Cybersex Trafficking
Victims are threatened, tortured and transferred to "cybersex traffickers' dens". This refers to the transportation of victims and then the live streaming of coerced sexual acts or rape on the webcam. The criminal use social media networks, videoconferences, dating pages, online chat rooms, and the dark web to show up the victims being deceived. They use online payment services to conceal their identities.
An estimated almost 6.3 million people are the victims of cybersex trafficking. These numbers also include children too. An example is the 2018-20 Nth room case in South Korea.
5. Computer as a Target
As told before, in cybercrimes, computers can be used both as a target or as a tool to breach the user's data. A computer can be targeted when the criminal has the technical knowledge and knows how to hack the user's system and steal the data. People are not much prepared to combat these crimes as these are new in existence. These crimes are mostly done by criminals who are alone, not with an organization.
6. Computer as a Tool
When criminals use their systems to attack the user's target, it is referred to as "a tool". These crimes generally do not need technical expertise from the criminal's side. These crimes generally exploit the victim's or user's psychological health by traumatizing, making threats, scamming, and blackmailing them. These include-
7. Drug Trafficking
Dark web or darknet markets are used to buy and sell drugs online. Some criminals use encrypted messaging software to communicate with drug mules. The dark web site "silk road" was the first major online marketplace of drugs. It was permanently shut down by the FBI in 2014. These markets got a major rise in recent years. There are many ways in which darknet markets can financially drain individuals-
To hide their online presence.
How to Prevent Being the Victims of These Crimes?
Some Notable Cases
Criminals are increasingly attempting to steal sensitive information such as banking or credit card information as technology progresses, and more people rely on the internet to keep it. Cybercrime is becoming a greater menace to individuals all around the world. Increasing awareness about how information is being safeguarded and the strategies thieves use to acquire that information continues to increase in importance. In 2014, there were 269,422 complaints lodged with the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Centre. The overall loss from all claims was stated to be $800,492,073.
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