Difference between Dam and Reservoir
Dams and reservoir both are created to control the flow of a river and to store water for irrigation and other purposes. People often confuse a dam with a reservoir as they share some features. Although both are closely related to each other, they are different from each other. Let us see how a dam differs from a reservoir!
A Dam is a barrier that is built across a river, stream or estuary to hold back or retain the water. It is made from a variety of materials like steel, rock, and wood. It is primarily used to manage, save and use the water for specific purposes like electricity generation.
Advantages of Dam:
Types of Dam:
By structure, a dam can be of four types:
Famous Dams in the World:
Some of the dams in the world that serve as giant barriers to many rivers are as follows:
It is an open-air large water body that looks like an artificial lake or a water reservoir. It is generally formed by building a dam or wall across a river or a broad valley. However, it can also be created by surrounding a piece of land with dikes and then diverting a part of the river flow into that land.
The water stored in a reservoir can be used for multiple purposes like irrigation, hydropower, consumption and domestic use. It is fed by precipitation, rainwater runoff and from the flow of a river.
Types of Reservoirs:
Reservoirs can be of three types:
Based on the above information some of the key differences between dam and reservoir are as follows: