Dependency Injection in Spring
Dependency Injection (DI) is a design pattern that removes the dependency from the programming code so that it can be easy to manage and test the application. Dependency Injection makes our programming code loosely coupled. To understand the DI better, Let's understand the Dependency Lookup (DL) first:
The Dependency Lookup is an approach where we get the resource after demand. There can be various ways to get the resource for example:
In such way, we get the resource(instance of A class) directly by new keyword. Another way is factory method:
This way, we get the resource (instance of A class) by calling the static factory method getA().
Alternatively, we can get the resource by JNDI (Java Naming Directory Interface) as:
There can be various ways to get the resource to obtain the resource. Let's see the problem in this approach.
Problems of Dependency Lookup
There are mainly two problems of dependency lookup.
The Dependency Injection is a design pattern that removes the dependency of the programs. In such case we provide the information from the external source such as XML file. It makes our code loosely coupled and easier for testing. In such case we write the code as:
In such case, instance of Address class is provided by external souce such as XML file either by constructor or setter method.
Two ways to perform Dependency Injection in Spring framework
Spring framework provides two ways to inject dependency