Difference between Desert Plants and Rainforest Plants
The deserts are very dry land areas that can be hot or cold and experience very less rainfall. On the other hand, rainforests receive an enormous amount of rain. Both are homes to a variety of plants. Let us see how deserts plants differ from rainforest plants!
Deserts plants are the plants that are found in hot and dry deserts. They can be of two types: xerophytes and phreatophytes. The xerophytes plants are the plants that undergo changes in their structure in order to survive the desert. On the other hand, the phreatophytes are plants that have a deep root system in order to draw water from near the water table.
As there is little rain in the desserts, the desserts plants are adapted to survive the dry and hot conditions. Some deserts plants such as cacti are adapted to store water and some grow long roots to absorb water from deep below the surface.
Deserts plants generally do not have leaves. Instead, they have a smooth green surface with thorns which are highly modified leaves adapted to reduce water loss. They generally bloom only once or twice a year for a short period of time and their seeds remain dormant until it rains.
The rainforest plants are found in the rainforest habitats. They often experience rain, up to 180 inches a year. They are generally attractive as they have large leaves and flowers. Their leaves have a waxy coating in order to remove the excess water. Their roots are superficial that help them absorb nutrients from the surface of the ground or directly from the plants.
These plants often bloom continuously and produce seeds that start growing immediately. More than 60% of plant species are found in tropical rainforests. Furthermore, tropical plants or trees are very useful as they are used to produce numerous products like coffee, cacao, rubber, dyes, wood, gums etc.
Based on the above information, some of the key differences between desert plants and rainforest plants are as follows: