Difference between Diarrhea and Dysentery
Diseases and disorders commonly happen to people. COVID-19 has become a deadly disease in the present scenario.
People are dying in large numbers. But fortunately, vaccinations are helping the nation in overcoming this fatal disease. There are some diseases that have a cure, while there are some diseases that do not have any cure. Diseases like tuberculosis, cancer, etc., do not have a proper cure. These diseases can relapse at any moment. Today, we will discuss about two significant types of diseases, i.e., diarrhea and dysentery, their symptoms, and their cure. There are certain differences between them, but let us first begin with the definitions.
Diarrhea is defined as a disorder in which the body experiences watery bowel movements. These bowel movements are also called as stools, wherein the body waste is passed through the anus and rectum. The material that is left over after the absorption of nutrients and fluids is called stool. Now, how is diarrhea caused? Well, diarrhea is caused by an increased secretion of fluids into the intestine. When the secretion increases, the absorption is reduced, leading to excessive passing of stool from the body. One of the major symptoms of diarrhea includes abdominal pain (cramps). Other causes of this disease depend upon the food we eat and the drinks we intake in our bodies. Alcohol abuse, diabetes, laxative abuse, radiation therapy, surgery in the digestive system, etc., are other causes of diarrhea. It is interesting to note that diarrhea is self-treatable. One can undertake a BRAT diet to overcome this disease. BRAT stands for bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. All these are bland foods, and they help in hardening the stool. The stool becomes bulky, and therefore one might overcome this disease.
In worst-case scenarios, medication is required to treat the patient. Apart from abdominal pain, other symptoms of diarrhea include nausea, bloating, fever, dehydration, and bloody stools. Now, you must be wondering as to how one can prevent them from having diarrhea? Well, there are some points that we have to keep in mind to avoid having diarrhea. We must clean and wash the cooking area more often, serving food immediately after it is prepared, keeping the leftover food in the refrigerator, etc. Cleanliness must be practiced to avoid any disease, not just diarrhea. Diseases mainly occur because of infections caused by eating the wrong food or touching contaminated surfaces. Thus, it is essential to keep the areas clean so that no disease can be generated.
Dysentery is defined as a fatal disease that is caused by an infection in the intestines. This infection is caused by bacteria or a parasite. Dysentery is a rare disease, and it can only be treated through medical equipment. Dysentery is often caused by the Shigella bacteria/ amoeba. Dysentery is spread in the system by contaminated food or water. One of the major symptoms of dysentery includes bloody bacteria (abdominal pain, malaise, fever, etc.). If anybody is suffering from dysentery, then they require immediate medical treatment. The prominent causes of dysentery include contaminated food & water, inadequate hand washing, swimming in contaminated ponds and lakes, etc. This disease can last up to 7-10 days. In order to overcome this disease, drinking plenty of fluids is necessary. Since it is caused due to bloody diarrhea, it is essential to overcome dehydration. Therefore, one must practice oral rehydration in order to overcome dysentery. In case of high fever (common symptom), painkillers like paracetamol, monocef, nice, dolo, etc., are useful. Now, there are certain differences between diarrhea and dysentery. So, let us have a look at them.
So, these are some of the contrasting points between diarrhea and dysentery. One must take care of themselves if they encounter such a deadly disease. Diarrhea is not that fatal, but dysentery is. Thus, eating the right amount of food and drinking plenty of fluids is extremely important. Both diarrhea and dysentery have one common cause, i.e., they are caused due to dehydration. Thus, it is essential to remain hydrated in order to avoid these diseases.