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Difference Between C and C++

What is C Language

C language is the most popular programming language. C programming language is a general-purpose language; for every procedure base work, we need this language because C language is a procedural programming language. In system memory, it acts like low-level language. The C compiler passes every program written in the c language to have the correct output. Our very famous windows operating system is written and designed in C language. Dennis Ritchie prepared the language at Bell Laboratories in 1972. The language was mainly invented to design the UNIX OS. C language is the successor of the B language, which was validated by the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). Due to its flexibility, Performance, efficiency, and closeness to the hardware, the C language is ideal for designing Operating Systems. The main reason for choosing the C language is code portability; C language is highly portable as you can write code in one system and use the code in another system. the code compilation is faster and more efficient.

Anyone can easily grasp concepts of C language with the help of some online tutorials. The code can easily be understandable by everyone. The individual requires no prior or technical knowledge. For more Practical Programming, C provides access to more and more libraries for better problem-solving abilities. C Language gives lots of built-in functions consisting of system-provided and user-defined functions. The developers optimize the libraries daily to improve the programming in c and optimize for the user. Built-in libraries make the work for the developer easy, as when the developer develops a function and the function is used repeatedly. Again then, they choose to make a library of that function. So, they can use that library as often as possible and in any system he wishes. Another reason C is so popular as an efficient language among programmers is that it allows them to create their software without worrying about syntax errors. If you're unfamiliar with coding, using the structured language C will help you develop better skills. You'll create more efficient and effective solutions with C than with other programming languages. Any developer who wants to execute any program or application quickly relies on the C language for the fast execution cycle. As C uses fewer instructions, it executes faster than any other programming language, such as Java, Ruby, PHP, etc.

What is C++

C++ Language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell labs in 1979, as the problem arose that C could not perform the object-oriented task so efficiently. Hence, the developer designed the programming language C++. When the language was in the developing stage and the prototype was ready, the language was named C with classes. C++ language is the advanced version of C language. in 1985, the first compiler, C front, was released to accommodate the CPP language code coded by the developer. In 1989 CPP was the official language affiliated with ANSI. One of the main advantages of the programming language is the Concept of OOPS, as often, the developer must solve real-world interfacing problems with the help of C++. When the developer uses CPP language, it solves the problem easily because of the Object-oriented programming system. That helps programmers to enhance and improve their code. The OOPS includes many features like classes, inheritance, polymorphism, data, abstraction, and encapsulation. In the OOPS standard, the programmer treats data as an object and easily solves a real-world problem. This feature in the C++ language helps many programmers to get numerous jobs. Since C++ is Brother associated with C, a procedural bases language closely related to the machine-level language, C++ allows low-level manipulation of data programming at a certain level of codes.

Difference Between C and C++

Difference Between C and C++

Index Difference Model C C++
1. Developed by Designed and developed by Dennis Ritchie in bell labs 1969 Bjarne Stroustrup developed CPP in bell labs in 1979-1980­
2. Technology in a Programming Language POPS (Procedural Oriented Programming Language). OOPS (Object Oriented Programming Language) and POPS (Procedural Oriented Programming Language).
3. Oops, Technology in a Programming Language C language is the old programming language version, so it does not support the concept of object-oriented programming systems. C++ language is the new version of C programming language, supporting the object-oriented programming language concept. For better resolution of programming problems.
4. Driver for Programming The c language is function-driven because of pops (procedural-oriented programming language) The CPP language is object-driven because of the oops concept (object-oriented programming system).
5. Security on Data It is the most important aspect of a programming language as C is unprotected from the frame-ups of programming code because it does not have the very important aspect of oops programming, i.e., encapsulation leads to data free entity. It Is the topmost important aspect of a programming language as CPP is a very protected language in programming as it does not have data breaching because of the concept of support of encapsulation.
6. Remembrance C programming language is the half union of C++ as it gave birth to C++. So, it can't run the programming code used in C++. As the C++ language is the child of the C programming language, it can run 96 percent of the C code in the compiler.
7. Separation of data and functions A c programming language supports the pops concept of programming, and functions stay isolated. The C++ programming language oops concept works, so all data and functions remain encapsulated.
8. Data Hiding C programming language does not support the hiding of data. C++ programming language does support the hiding of data.
9. Overloading and Overriding Function overloading and overriding are not supported Supported all functions overloading and overriding
10. Data Type- built-in The c programming language does not support the feature of built-in data type. The C++ programming structure supports the features of built-in data types.
11. Support of Reference Variables C programming language does not support the concept and feature of reference variables. The C++ programming language supports the feature of reference variables because of the OOPS (object-oriented programming system) concept.
12. Header File Used C programming <stdio.h> is used for the standard work. C++ programming <iostream> is used for the standard work done.
13. Namespace This feature is not supported in C language because of the POPS concept of programming structure. This feature is supported in the C++ language because of the OOPS concept, as it is a very new version of the programming language.
14. Modifiers Don't have access modifiers. Have access modifiers.


Both C and C++ are used in the corporate world and used by many programmers to solve real-life problems, as the C programming language is best used for OS (operating system development), and C++ is best used for game development because of the OOPS programming concept, like classes, inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction. Syntax of C++ are more complex than C programming language because of additional features of oops like Exception handling, function overloading. C++ supports more data types than C programming language, including classes and objects. C++ allows function overloading, which means that you can have multiple functions with the same name but different parameter lists. This technology is impossible in C. C++ has the features such as reference and smart pointers to help memory management more efficiently. Overall, C++ is a more powerful and flexible language than c, but the C programming language is a good language to learn first for people new to programming.

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