Difference Between C and C++
What is C Language
C language is the most popular programming language. C programming language is a general-purpose language; for every procedure base work, we need this language because C language is a procedural programming language. In system memory, it acts like low-level language. The C compiler passes every program written in the c language to have the correct output. Our very famous windows operating system is written and designed in C language. Dennis Ritchie prepared the language at Bell Laboratories in 1972. The language was mainly invented to design the UNIX OS. C language is the successor of the B language, which was validated by the American National Standard Institute (ANSI). Due to its flexibility, Performance, efficiency, and closeness to the hardware, the C language is ideal for designing Operating Systems. The main reason for choosing the C language is code portability; C language is highly portable as you can write code in one system and use the code in another system. the code compilation is faster and more efficient.
Anyone can easily grasp concepts of C language with the help of some online tutorials. The code can easily be understandable by everyone. The individual requires no prior or technical knowledge. For more Practical Programming, C provides access to more and more libraries for better problem-solving abilities. C Language gives lots of built-in functions consisting of system-provided and user-defined functions. The developers optimize the libraries daily to improve the programming in c and optimize for the user. Built-in libraries make the work for the developer easy, as when the developer develops a function and the function is used repeatedly. Again then, they choose to make a library of that function. So, they can use that library as often as possible and in any system he wishes. Another reason C is so popular as an efficient language among programmers is that it allows them to create their software without worrying about syntax errors. If you're unfamiliar with coding, using the structured language C will help you develop better skills. You'll create more efficient and effective solutions with C than with other programming languages. Any developer who wants to execute any program or application quickly relies on the C language for the fast execution cycle. As C uses fewer instructions, it executes faster than any other programming language, such as Java, Ruby, PHP, etc.
What is C++
C++ Language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell labs in 1979, as the problem arose that C could not perform the object-oriented task so efficiently. Hence, the developer designed the programming language C++. When the language was in the developing stage and the prototype was ready, the language was named C with classes. C++ language is the advanced version of C language. in 1985, the first compiler, C front, was released to accommodate the CPP language code coded by the developer. In 1989 CPP was the official language affiliated with ANSI. One of the main advantages of the programming language is the Concept of OOPS, as often, the developer must solve real-world interfacing problems with the help of C++. When the developer uses CPP language, it solves the problem easily because of the Object-oriented programming system. That helps programmers to enhance and improve their code. The OOPS includes many features like classes, inheritance, polymorphism, data, abstraction, and encapsulation. In the OOPS standard, the programmer treats data as an object and easily solves a real-world problem. This feature in the C++ language helps many programmers to get numerous jobs. Since C++ is Brother associated with C, a procedural bases language closely related to the machine-level language, C++ allows low-level manipulation of data programming at a certain level of codes.
Difference Between C and C++
Both C and C++ are used in the corporate world and used by many programmers to solve real-life problems, as the C programming language is best used for OS (operating system development), and C++ is best used for game development because of the OOPS programming concept, like classes, inheritance, encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction. Syntax of C++ are more complex than C programming language because of additional features of oops like Exception handling, function overloading. C++ supports more data types than C programming language, including classes and objects. C++ allows function overloading, which means that you can have multiple functions with the same name but different parameter lists. This technology is impossible in C. C++ has the features such as reference and smart pointers to help memory management more efficiently. Overall, C++ is a more powerful and flexible language than c, but the C programming language is a good language to learn first for people new to programming.