Difference between Heart attack and Cardiac Arrest
Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest are frequently used synonymously although they do not mean the same thing. When the heart's blood supply is cut off, a heart attack occurs. When the heart experiences a malfunction, it can suffer from sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden cardiac arrest is an "electrical" issue, whereas a heart attack is a "circulation" issue.
Problems in the body's circulatory system that obstruct blood flow to the heart are what cause a heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of heart attacks. Your risk may rise because of your age, lifestyle choices including diet and exercise, and other health issues. Heart attacks are frequent in the United States. Reliable Source. The electrical system of the heart breaks down during a cardiac arrest. Usually, arrhythmias that mess with the heart's rhythm and electrical system are to blame. When the heart's rhythm stops, a cardiac arrest occurs.
When an artery constricts, oxygen-rich blood cannot reach a specific region of the heart and causes a heart attack. If the blocked artery is not quickly opened, the portion of the heart normally supplied by it begins to die. The more harm is done, the longer a person stays without treatment. A heart attack can develop slowly with minor symptoms or suddenly and severely. It is crucial to remember that a heart attack can still occur even if there are just minor symptoms or none. The heart normally continues to beat during a heart attack, unlike with abrupt cardiac arrest. The signs of a heart attack in women can differ from those in men.
What are the symptoms of heart attack?
The main symptoms of a heart attack are given below-
When to contact a physician
If you think you are experiencing a heart attack, get immediate medical attention. Do the following:
How to respond to a patient who is experiencing a heart attack?
When a person is unconscious and you believe they are having a heart attack, dial 911 or your local emergency number first. Next, check to see whether you can feel the person's breathing and pulse. Only if the person is not breathing or you cannot detect their pulse should CPR be initiated.
Heart attack: What to do
Even if you are not sure it is a heart attack, call 911 or your emergency response number. Every moment matters! It is advised to dial EMS and proceed immediately to the emergency room. Staff from the emergency medical services can start providing care as soon as they get there, up to an hour sooner than if someone were to drive to the hospital. Additionally, EMS personnel are taught how to revive a person whose heart has stopped. Patients with chest discomfort who arrive by ambulance can also benefit from quicker hospital treatment.
What is cardiac arrest?
Unexpectedly and quickly, sudden cardiac arrest happens. An irregular heartbeat results from an electrical problem in the heart (arrhythmia). The heart is unable to pump blood to the brain, lungs, or other organs when its pumping activity is hindered. The victim then loses consciousness and stops having a pulse. Without medical attention, the patient will pass away in a matter of minutes.
Signs for Cardiac arrest?
In more than half of cases, sudden cardiac arrest happens with no prior symptoms. Suspected signs of sudden cardiac arrest include:
What causes a sudden cardiac arrest?
Abnormal heart rhythms known as arrhythmias are the main cause of sudden cardiac arrest. The most common arrhythmia that poses a threat to life is ventricular fibrillation. This erratic, disorganised impulse emanating from the ventricles of one's heart (lower chambers). One's heart is unable to pump blood when this occurs. If mistreated, one could pass away in a matter of minutes. Coronary heart disease is one of the additional reasons of sudden cardiac arrest.
What are the risk factors of sudden cardiac arrest?
Risk of sudden cardiac mortality and sudden cardiac arrest can increase due to a variety of circumstances. The two main risk factors are as follows:
Other risk factors include:
What to do during sudden Cardiac Arrest
Adults should first make sure they are responsive before shouting for aid. Next, dial local emergency number to summon emergency medical assistance. If an automatic external defibrillator is available, call for it or retrieve it, and use it right away. Start performing proper CPR right away and continue doing so until trained emergency medical personnel arrive. If there are two individuals available to assist, one should start CPR right away while the other dials local emergency number and locates an AED.
Heart arrest in children and new-borns is frequently brought on by airway blockage. High-quality CPR should begin as soon as the emergency response is activated by dialling local emergency number. When assistance is close by or a cell phone is available, starting CPR and initiating the emergency response can happen simultaneously. The most frequent cause of cardiac arrest is respiratory arrest, though, and in an out-of-hospital situation, aid may not be close by. Therefore, a single rescuer without access to a cell phone should begin CPR (compressions-airway breathing) before leaving the baby or toddler and phoning for help. Rescuers should utilise an automated external defibrillator (AED) if the victim fainted suddenly since quick defibrillation can save lived. You can double or even triple a victim's probability of life by administering Hands-Only CPR while the iconic disco tune "Stayin' Alive" is playing.
What is the link?
These two various heart problems are related. During recuperation or after a heart attack, sudden cardiac arrest can happen. Sudden cardiac arrest is more likely to occur after a heart attack. Although many heart attacks may not result in sudden cardiac arrest right away, heart attacks are frequently the cause of sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden cardiac arrest can also result from other heart disorders that alter the heart's rhythm. These include lengthy Q-T syndrome, ventricular fibrillation, heart failure, thickening heart muscle (cardiomyopathy), and arrhythmias.
Difference between Heart Attack and Cardiac arrest