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Difference between Seed and Grain

The terms "seed" and "grain" are related but different from a botanical standpoint. They are interrelated but not synonyms as some seeds can be grains, but all grains are seeds, but all seeds are not considered grains.

Difference between Seed and Grain

Seed: "Seed is a product or medium of the living thing from where life begins depending on various circumstances like temperature, light, and humidity."

"Seed is living embryo of a new plant that sprouts after being buried under the soil with desirable circumstances and becomes a new plant."

A seed is a baby plant in a condensed form consisting of a matured fertilized plant ovule with an embryo and having a protective coat or testa.

Grain: A grain is the by-product of the plant grown from the seed. It is a small edible hard on the outside fruit of the plant. Grain can be different; depending on the type, they have little to moderate digestibility and nutrition for humans and animals.

They grow in clusters on the top of mature plants like rice, wheat, barley, oats, etc.

A grain product is anything made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, or another cereal grain. Grain products include tortillas, pasta, breakfast cereals, grits, and bread. The Grains Group also has foods like popcorn, rice, and oatmeal.

Difference between Seed and Grain

There are two subgroups of grains: entire/whole and refined grains.

  • A full grain consists of a complete grain kernel that includes endosperm, germ, and germ. Examples: oatmeal, brown rice, bulgur, and whole-wheat flour.
  • Refined grains- When the harvested grains are milled in which bran and germ is removed from each other.
  • This process provides grain with a finer texture and improves its shelf life. A disadvantage is that it removes iron, dietary fiber, and many B vitamins. Examples of refining grains are corn grits, white bread, white flour, and white rice.
  • These grains can be enriched again by adding some vitamin B (riboflavin, folic acid, thiamine, niacin).
  • Different foods are made from only whole, refined, or mixtures.
Seed Grain
Seed is considered as generating point of a plant Grain is the final product of the grain crop that is cultivated for consumption
It comes under the preview of seed acts It comes under the preview of food acts
It has three central components embryo, seed coat, and endosperm It has four primary components embryo, seed coat, endosperm, and bran
It is an ovule that contains an origin considered an essential part of the seed It is a result of the fusion of seed coat and fruit in which the endosperm of grain is important
Some seeds can be eaten directly, and some grow as a plant Grain is prepared to eat
Types of eatable sources are:
  • Flax seed
  • Chia seed
  • Pine nuts
  • Sesame seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Poppy seeds
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Psyllium seeds
Types of eatable grain are:
  • Rice
  • Barley
  • Wheat
  • Rye
  • Quinoa
  • Oats
  • Corn (maize)
  • Sorghum
  • Buckwheat
  • Bulgur
  • Amaranth
  • Kamut
  • Spelt
  • Freekeh
  • Farro
  • Teff
  • Millet
  • Wild rice
  • Einkorn
Seeds are rich in healthy fats, fiber, minerals, vitamins, and protein Grains are also rich in fiber, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, vitamins, and other nutrients
These are reproductive units of the plant These are the final product of the reproductive plant
Seeds are treated with fungicides and pesticides Grains are not treated with pesticides and fungicides
In this, viability is important Here viability is not important
The seed of the flowering plant is covered by its fruit, and the gymnosperm produces naked seeds without a fruit. It consists of a fusion of the seed coat and the fruit.

Similarities between grain and seed

Difference between Seed and Grain
  • Seeds and grains are produced by the sexual reproduction of plants
  • Both contain endosperm, embryo, and seed coat
  • Both can develop themselves into a new plant

Conclusion: Seed is produced due to the sexual reproduction of higher plants. Seeds develop into a plant that can produce grain as a plant's fruit, or grain is the grass seed.

Therefore the difference between seed and grain defines that they are interrelated but still have their properties.

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