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Docker Compose

It is a tool which is used to create and start Docker application by using a single command. We can use it to file to configure our application's services.

It is a great tool for development, testing, and staging environments.

It provides the following commands for managing the whole lifecycle of our application.

  • Start, stop and rebuild services
  • View the status of running services
  • Stream the log output of running services
  • Run a one-off command on a service

To implement compose, it consists the following steps.

  1. Put Application environment variables inside the Dockerfile to access publicly.
  2. Provide services name in the docker-compose.yml file so they can be run together in an isolated environment.
  3. run docker-compose up and Compose will start and run your entire app.

A typical docker-compose.yml file has the following format and arguments.

// docker-compose.yml

Installing Docker Compose

Following are the instructions to install Docker Compose in Linux Ubuntu.

Docker Compose 1

Docker-compose version

Docker Compose 2

It says, permission denied. So, make file executable.

Docker Compose 3

Now, check version again.

Docker Compose 4

Running Application using Docker Compose


Follow the following example

1) Create a Directory

2) Create a file


3) Create a file requirements.txt.

// requirements.txt

4) Create a Dockerfile.

// Dockerfile

5) Create a Compose File.

// docker-compose.yml

6) Build and Run Docker App with Compose

After running the above command, it shows the following output.

Docker Compose 5 Docker Compose 6

Now, we can see the output by following the running http url.


Docker Compose 7

Each time, when we refresh the page. It shows counter incremented by 1.

Docker Compose 8

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