## DSBSC (Double Sideband Suppress Carrier)DSB is a type of We can define the DSBSC transmission as: 'The transmission that produces two sidebands symmetric above and below the carrier frequency with the carrier reduced to the lowest possible level of frequency is known as Double Sideband Suppress Carrier transmission.' The power is distributed in its However, the carrier signal is essential to recover the signal required during the demodulation. Here, we will discuss Let's start. Suppose the spectral density of the non-periodic signal is of finite energy, as shown below: The signal is represented in the frequency domain of its Fourier transform. Suppose the signal is band-limited from 0 to Fm. Its Fourier transform will be symmetric about the axis. We know that the baseband signal is the unmodulated one, and the original one is also unmodulated. On this basis, we can also name the original signal as the baseband signal. Thus, the spectral range is called the The spectral density of the signal is multiplied by the carrier signal mixing.It is given by: Function 1/2[m(t)cosωct] = [M(ω + ω The part of the signal above the auxiliary frequency range is known as the upper-sideband from Fc to Fc + Fm. The part of the signal below the auxiliary frequency range is known as the lower-sideband from Fc - Fm to Fc. The upper-sideband is represented by the carrier frequency and message frequency sum, while the lower sideband represents the difference. The process of Double Sideband Suppress Carrier modulation can be an advantage or disadvantage depending on different applications. It is called DSB because both the upper and lower sidebands are transmitted with the ## DSB SC ModulatorA multiplier is a device that produces the output. It is the multiplication of the two input signals. For the product, there should be atleast two input signals. For example, A modulation device has two input signals, a message signal m(t) and the carrier signal cosωct. The baseband signal frequency is much less than the frequencies of the carrier signal Fc. Fc = ω Let's consider another example. If the baseband frequency is 1k Hz and the carrier signal frequency is 1M Hz, the sidebands will extend from the range as follows: (1M - 1k) Hz to (1M + 1k) Hz (10 (1000000 - 1000) to (1000000 + 1000) Hz
The baseband signal can be easily removed from the signal using the filter. Thus, the output is called a double sideband amplitude modulated signal. We can also suppress the carrier if we require the product signal alone. It can be done by adding a carrier of equal frequency with the opposite phase. In such cases, only the sideband remains. ## Balance ModulatorThe balanced modulator comprises of ## Non-linear ModulatorIt has three adders, two non-linear devices, and a band pass filter. The diagram of the non-linear modulator is shown below: The carrier on both the inputs of the adder is of opposite phase, i.e., cosω The upper block input is: V1(t) = m(t) + cosω The lower block input is: V2(t) = m(t) - cosω The output of the summer will be: S(t) = a[v1(t) - v2(t)] + b[v1 Substituting the values of v1(t) and v2(t) and after solving, we get:
The first term is the baseband signal and the second term is the desired DSB-SC signal. The summation block is centered on the cut-off frequency ω ## DSB SC DemodulatorDemodulation is the process opposite to modulation. The function of the demodulator is to recover the signal at the receiving end. We have already seen how the signal is multiplied by the carrier signal. The baseband signal is recovered from the output of the multiplier. Here, we will discuss the two methods to recover the baseband signal. The first method is the ## Coherent detectionHere, the signal is recovered from the modulated signal by a reverse frequency translation process. The translated signal is multiplied by the carrier signal cosωct. It is because the recovery depends on the carrier. There is no carrier during the modulation. Hence, it is generated at the receiving end for successful recovery. The spectral range produced after the multiplication is the same baseband range. It is given by: [m(t) cosω = m(t) cosω = m(t) (1/2 + 1/2cos2ω = m(t)/2 + m(t)/2 cos2ω A signal addition to the baseband signal is also produced whose spectral range extends from 2Fc - Fm to 2Fc + Fm. The block diagram showing the frequency representation at the input and output is shown below:
The coherent detection method of signal recovery suffers from two inconveniences. - When the auxiliary carrier signal used for recovery differs in phase from the original auxiliary carrier signal.
**Explanation:**Let the phase angle be Y. the recovered baseband waveform will be proportional to the m(t)cosY. Unless, Y= 0, the signal strength will suffer. If Y= 90 degrees, the signal will be lost. Thus, the variation in the value of Y will somehow affect the signal strength. - When the auxiliary carrier signal used for recovery is not precise at F
_{C}.**Explanation:**It is present at the frequency F_{C}+ X. X is the change in the frequency. The recovered baseband signal will be proportional to the m(t)cos2πXt. If this frequency is large, the signal will be lost. Thus, the variation in the value of X will somehow affect the signal strength. An offset of X < 30 Hz or X = 30 Hz in the radio system is generally acceptable. To resolve these two drawbacks, the auxiliary signal at the receiver should be**synchronous**to the signal at the transmitter.
A phase shifter can be used to correct the phase variation. Some distortion in every physical system is tolerable to some extent. ## Square synchronizerWe have discussed the requirements of a synchronous auxiliary signal. It can be generated with the help of a synchronizer. The square synchronizer uses a complicated method to provide a synchronous auxiliary signal at the receiver. To illustrate, we assume a carrier signal cosω S(t) = A cosω Where, A is the amplitude constant The output of the squaring circuit will be the square of the input signal. Squaring both sides, we get: S(t) S(t) We can use the PLL (Phase Lock Loop) to track the carrier frequency. The frequency division can be further accomplished by using a bistable multivibrator. The output of the divider will act as a demodulator and help recover the baseband signal cosω ## Power calculation of DSBSCThe power in DSBSC is distributed between the two sidebands. So, the total power is the sum of upper sideband power and lower sideband power. It is given by: Pt = Pu + Pl ## Upper Sideband powerPower formula = Square of RMS voltage/R P = Vrms Where, RMS voltage = Maximum voltage / sqrt 2 Vrms = Vm / (2) We know, Vm = A Substituting the value of maximum voltage in RMS voltage, we get: Vrms = A P = (A Pu = A Lower Sideband Power It is same as the upper sideband power Pl = A Total power = A Total power = 2 A Total power = Thus, the power of the Double Sideband Suppress Carrier is A ## Advantages of DSBThe advantages of DSB are as follows: - DSB-SC provides 50% modulation efficiency due to the absence of carrier.
- It consumes less power again due to the absence of carrier in DSB-SC.
- It provides the large bandwidth due to the presence of two sidebands. The output frequency is twice the frequency of the modulated signal.
- Low cost
## Disadvantages of DSBSCThe disadvantages of DSB are as follows: - The efficiency of DSB with the carrier is low due to the presence of the carrier.
- The power wastage is high in DSB compared to other types of Amplitude Modulation because of the two sidebands that are not effectively utilized.
- It becomes difficult to recover the information at the receiving end. The recovery of the signal depends on the carrier. If the carrier is absent, it needs to be regenerated. Such process of recovery at the receiver becomes complex.
## Applications of DSBSCThere are various applications of DSBSC. Let's discuss some of the most applications of Double Sideband Modulation. **Television broadcasting** It is used in television broadcasting to transmit two signals. The frequency produced by the Double Sideband modulation is symmetrical over the carrier frequency and has two sidebands.**Phase shift keying method** DSB is used in phase shift keying to transmit the binary data.- DSB-SC is also used in wireless communication and two way FM (Frequency Multiplexing).
## EfficiencyThe basic equation of Amplitude Modulation is given by: V(t) = A V(t) = A The first term represents the power required to transmit the carrier A The efficiency of Amplitude Modulation is defined as the ratio of sideband power to the total power.
The total power is the sum of sideband power and the carrier power. Pt = Ps + Pc Thus, we can also define the efficiency as: Efficiency = We know, V(t) = A The message signal m(t) can be represented as: M(t) = A Putting the value of m(t) in the above equation, we get: V(t) = A V(t) = A Thus, the useful sideband power is: P P Substituting the value of sideband power in the efficiency formula, we get: Efficiency = 0.5 (A Efficiency =
Where, Am is the modulation index of the signal In DSBSC, the efficiency is 50% due to the absence of carrier. The maximum efficiency of 100% can be achieved using the SSBSC (Single Side Modulation Suppress Carrier). Using the coherent detection method, we can recover the signal for any value of modulation index. ## Numerical ExampleLet's discuss a numerical based on DSBC. Example: Find the transmission power efficiency of the modulated signal when the modulation index is 0.5, 0.8 and 0.3.
Efficiency % = A Where, A is the modulation index For Efficiency = 0.5 = 0.25/2.25 x 100 = 1/9 x 100 = 11.11% For Efficiency = 0.8 = 0.64/2.64 x 100 = 24.24% For Efficiency = 0.3 = 0.09/2.09 x 100 = 4.3% Next TopicDSBC |