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Electrical Energy Definition

When you turn on a light switch, the light that fills your room isn't magic; it's energy! According to the "Law of Energy Conservation," we were taught in primary school that energy can only be transformed. Yet, for energy to perform any beneficial task, it must first be transformed from one form to another.

A generator turns kinetic energy back into electrical energy to power a circuit, while a motor transforms electrical energy into mechanical or kinetic (rotational) energy to power a circuit. So what exactly is electric energy? Let's discuss it in more depth.

What exactly is electrical energy?

Electrical Energy Definition

The energy produced when electrons move from one location to another is electrical energy. In other words, electrical energy is the activity that moving electron or charge streams do. Since the movement of electrical charges generates it, electrical energy is a kind of kinetic energy. Charges carry more energy when they travel more quickly.

Work is done when a force moves an item, and energy is the capacity to perform work. We need and use energy daily, which may take many forms. Electrical energy is stored in charged particles inside an electric field. An electric field is a space around a charged particle. In other words, charged particles produce electric fields that act as an external force on other charged particles inside the area. The charged particle experiences a force from the electric field, which causes it to move and do work.

How Does Electrical Energy Work?

In the 1820s, a British scientist named Michael Faraday developed a way to produce electricity. He moved a metal disc or loop that was a conductor between the magnet's poles. The basic principle is that electrons in the copper wire are free to move. A negative electrical charge is present on each electron. The mobility of the electron is governed by attractive forces between it and positive charges, such as protons and positively charged ions, as well as repulsive forces between it and similar charges (such as other electrons and negatively-charged ions).

In other words, a charged particle (in this case, an electron) accomplishes work by exerting force on other charged particles in response to the electric field surrounding it. Two charged particles that are attracted to one another must be pushed away.

Electrons, protons, atomic nuclei, cations (positively charged ions), anions (negatively charged ions), positrons (antimatter comparable to electrons), and other charged particles are all capable of generating electrical energy.

Electrical Energy Examples

These are a few popular examples of electrical energy:

A Balloon Rub on Your Hair

If you've ever attended a birthday party, you've undoubtedly attempted to rub a balloon on your head to make it stay in your hair. Even if you keep the balloon inches from your head, your hair will still float away when you remove it!

Physics students know this is not magic; static electricity is to blame. So how did the balloon and your hair end up with opposing charges if they were both originally neutrally charged?

When you release it, the balloon attempts to keep itself in place because it attracts your hair. Yet this temptation won't last forever.

As a result of the weak attraction between the balloon and your hair, your hair's molecules and the balloon's molecules will attempt to achieve equilibrium by regaining their original quantities of electrons, which will cause them to lose their charges as the electrons gain or lose.

Turbines (Wind)

Wind turbines transform the natural wind into energy that can power our houses, electronics, and other things, and they are often found in remote areas. So how can a turbine transform something that looks non-electrical, like wind, into usable, long-term energy?

Wind turbines transform motion energy into electrical energy at the most basic level. You should be aware that when the wind hits the turbine's blades, it causes the rotor hub to revolve like a windmill. An electrical generator is placed within a nacelle that spins due to this kinetic energy. By moving electrical charges already in the generator, this generator transforms this potential energy into electrical energy, generating an electrical current?which is also electricity.

The Battery in Children's Toys

A battery transforms energy like a wind turbine transforms one kind of energy into another for a child's toy to operate. A battery has two ends: a positive end and a negative end.

The toy must have the right ends in the appropriate locations to work. As you may expect, the positive end has a positive charge, while the negative end has a negative charge.

This indicates that the battery strives for equilibrium since the negative end has more electrons than the positive end. It's time to change out the batteries when all of the positive end's electrons have achieved equilibrium, and no more electrons can flow through the wire.

Cardiac defibrillators

There is no better electrical illustration of potential and kinetic energy than the defibrillator. Defibrillators have rescued thousands of deaths in emergency circumstances like cardiac arrest by restoring irregular heartbeats.

But how do they do it? Unsurprisingly, defibrillators depend on electricity to save lives. Defibrillators contain two capacitor plates with much electrical potential energy stored in them.

Potential energy changes into kinetic energy when electrons from the positive plate rush to the negative plate. Be warned that defibrillators carry extremely powerful electrical energy if you are close to one.

Electrical Energy Types

The four primary types of electrical energy are as follows:

Statistical Energy

An equal amount of protons and electrons interact to create static electricity (positively and negatively charged subatomic particles). For this friction to operate, the particles need to be of opposing nature (+,-). A "Non-friction" happens when two particles of the same type, such as positive-positive or negative-negative, clash.


The force of flowing water produces hydroelectric power. Like a small grain mill, it is generated in huge power plants utilizing the same fundamental idea but on a much larger and more efficient scale. Massive turbines that spin quickly due to water flowing through them are connected to electrical generators.

Micro hydroelectricity was developed for remote power places in China, Vietnam, and Nepal. This technology is being introduced to India by PM Narendra Modi under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Vidyut Yojna.

It is believed that micro-hydro will accelerate the electrification process. Presently, 95 percent of villages in India demand electricity, and to electrify 1 lakh villages, 1-2 GW of electricity is needed.

Current Electricity

Electric charge moving across an electrical field is called current electricity, and a conductor controls this current's direction. Good conductors and terrible conductors are two different categories of conductors.

Copper wires are good conductors because they enable the movement of an electric charge, while defective conductors act as a barrier to the flow of an electric charge (Wood). The conductor regularly becomes heated because of the continuous passage of electric charge.

Solar energy

Solar power is generated by using the Sun, a massive and unique energy source that has existed since the beginning of time. The Sun's rays are the main source of solar electricity, and Photovoltaic (PV) technology is used to create it, turning solar energy from sunshine into solar electricity. PV systems use solar energy to run common electrical appliances, computers, and lights.

A photovoltaic (PV) cell is constructed from two or more extremely thin silicon layers or another semiconducting material. PV cells include thick film silicon, amorphous silicon, monocrystalline silicon cells, multi-crystalline silicon cells, and other thin films constructed of various related materials, including cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium diselenide (CIS).


Heat, light, motor power, and other forms of energy can be needed. Since, for current scientific and technical breakthroughs, electrical energy can now be transformed into any desired form. Consequently, electrical energy has become more prevalent in the modern world.

An affordable and reliable energy supply is crucial for the survival of industrial businesses and our social systems. The use of electrical energy per person is used to gauge a nation's success, making it a vital resource for all countries.

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