What is the full form of ENT
ENT: Ear Nose Throat
ENT stands for Ear Nose Throat. It is the branch of medicine and surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat and the head and neck disorders. It is also known as otolaryngology. So, an ENT specialist is a physician who is trained in the treatment of the ear, nose, throat and related body parts. In the UK, the Head and Neck Surgery (HNS) is also included in ENT. The ENT specialists are also called ENTs, ENT doctors or otolaryngologists.
Otolaryngologists treat variety of conditions, some of which are given below:
- Hearing loss and ear disorders such as ear infection, dizziness and tinnitus
- Allergies such as hay fever, seasonal rhinitis
- Infections such as sinusitis and tonsillitis
- Congenital or acquired abnormalities such as cleft palate, deviated septum, drooping eyelids, loss of smell
- Difficulty swallowing
- Speech disorder such as hoarseness and laryngitis
- Tumors of the ear, nose and throat mouth etc.
- Otology/Audiology: Medical and surgical treatment of the ear and the nerve pathways linked with hearing and balance.
- Pediatric Otolaryngology: Medical and surgical treatment of the ear, nose and throat in children.
- Head and Neck Areas: Treatment of cancerous or noncancerous tumors in the head and neck.
- Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Treatment of cosmetic or functional abnormalities of the face.
- Rhinology: Treatment of the nose and sinuses.
- Laryngology: Treatment of the throat including the voice.
- Allergy: Treatment of the inhalant allergies.
- Neurotology: Treatment of the neurological disorders of the ear.