Essay on Durga Pooja
India is a country where all the festivals of the world are celebrated with pomp. Durga Puja is also a special religious festival in India. Goddess Durga is worshipped for nine days during this festival. The festival of Durga Pooja symbolizes good over evil. On this day Maa Durga destroyed the demon Mahishasura and on this day Rama performed Chandi Puja to get power from Maa Durga for the destruction of Ravana.
Due to this festival, many people keep fast for nine consecutive days and many people keep fast on the beginning and last day. People's belief behind this is that by doing this, Durga Devi keeps them away from negative effects and brings a positive spirit to them, and their life is filled with peace.
In India, most of the world's festivals are celebrated, and each one has a unique purpose. Durga Puja is a special festival celebrated every year. Within the first 10 days a month of Ashwin, this festival is observed.
It has special significance in some states of India. Many big events are organized in Odisha, Tripura, Sikkim, and West Bengal on the day of the Durga Puja festival. This festival commemorates the victory of light over darkness.
The gods of the heavens had been assailed by Mahishasura. Mahishasura was very powerful and was not defeated by much. On this day Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh created inner power for the end of Mahishasura king and was named Durga. Then Durga was given inner powers. Durga was a form of feminine power with special weapons in her ten hands.
Mahishasura and Maa Durga battled for nine days until Maa Durga finally defeated her on the 10th day. This day is still celebrated as Vijayadashami and Dussehra. On this day, Ram also performed Chandi Puja to get power from Maa Durga to put an end to Ravana.
During this festival, Goddess Durga is worshipped for nine days and on the last day, the idol of Durga is immersed in a river or pond. During these nine days, people also keep fasting continuously and some people keep fasting on the first day and the last day. People believe that Maa Durga gives them the strength to do good deeds and there is peace in the house. On this day, dandiya & Garba are also organized. Married women play with vermilion in Maa's pandal and celebrate this festival with great pomp.
A good message of Indian culture and customs is received in this festival. Durga Puja is also known as Shashtotsav and Durgotsav. There are many reasons and many stories are prevalent behind the belief in Durga Puja.
According to Ramayana, Rama performed Chandi Puja to get the power to kill Ravana from Maa Durga. Maa Durga is the form of a woman with different weapons in ten hands. Due to Maa Durga, all the people got rid of the demon. That's why everyone worships Maa Durga with reverence.
India is a country in the world where special importance is given to all the gods and goddesses and everyone is respected. The day of Durga Puja holds special significance in India. To this day the culture and customs of ancient India are seen by the people. In addition to India, Bangladesh and Nepal also celebrate Durga Puja with considerable fervor.
When Did Durga Puja Start
When the demon Ravana kidnaps Sita Mata. Then Lord Rama worshipped Maa Durga to free Mata Sita from Ravana and to get power from Maa Durga to put an end to Ravana. Since then the worship of Maa Durga has had a special significance. The theme of this event is the triumph of light over darkness.
Special festivals and programs are organized on the day of Durga Pooja in Odisha, Sikkim, West Bengal, and Tripura of India, this festival is celebrated with great pomp. During this festival, Goddess Durga is worshipped for nine days and later the idol or idol of Maa Durga is immersed in a river or pond (Durga Puja Visarjan).
All people worship Maa Durga Devi continuously for nine days and many people keep fast during these nine days. During these nine days, we use only water. Although some people keep fast on the day of its beginning and the last day. Everyone believes that Maa Durga keeps them away from negativity and solves their every problem. By fasting, they get the full blessings of Durga Devi.
The Significance of Durga Puja
The Durga Puja event, also known as Navratri, is immensely significant. Nine nights are known as Navaratri. The tenth day, also known as Vijaya Dashmi or Dussehra, commemorates the day that Goddess Durga slew the monsters after 9 days and 9 nights of battle. When people pray to Goddess Durga, she grants them power and blessings, assists her followers in overcoming evil spirits and negative ideas, and grants them a serene existence. On the tenth night of the festival, people celebrate by burning the enormous idol of Ravan and lighting firecrackers to commemorate Lord Rama's triumph over Ravana.
Durga Puja's Impact on the Environment
People's carelessness has a significant impact on the environment. Materials used to create and decorate the Mother Durga statue, including cement, plastic, toxic paint, and plaster of paris, pollute nearby water sources. The glorification of the monument at the festival's conclusion directly tarnishes the river. To lessen the festival's environmental impact, all artists should experiment with creating idols out of environmentally friendly materials, and devotees shouldn't physically submerge idols in the Ganges. The path ought to be taken out. Hindu festivities have been very commercialized in the twentieth century, which has serious environmental consequences.
History of Durga Puja
The following are some common myths that surround the history of Durga Puja.
Story - 1
It is believed that there was a king named Mahishasura who was very powerful. No one could defeat this king. Once this demon king attacked the gods in heaven. Then Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva (Mahesh) created an inner power to destroy the demon Mahishasura and named this power Durga.
Durga, holding different special weapons in her ten hands, had amazing female power. Durga was given inner strength. Then Maa Durga fought with the demon Mahishasura continuously for nine days and finally destroyed the demon on the tenth day. Today we celebrate that day as Vijayadashami and Dussehra.
Story - 2
The Ramayana claims that Lord Rama did Chandi Puja to obtain strength from Goddess Durga to defeat Ravana. On the tenth day of Durga Puja, Rama defeated Ravana. It is known as Vijayadashami on that day. The celebration of Durga Puja represents the triumph of good over evil.
Story - 3
After completing his schooling, Devadatta's son Kausta decided to give his teacher Varatantu his Gurudakshina. His payment would be 14 crores of gold coins. He went to Rama's ancestor Raja Raghuraj to obtain these gold coins.
However, he was not able to give these gold coins because spent all his money on the Brahmins after completing sacrifice of Vishwajeet. However, Raghuraj went to the lord Indra who in return asked Kubera, to start rainfall of gold coins on the "Sanu" and "Apati" trees at Ayodhya. After this rainfall, Kausta received gold coins and offered them to his Guru. This incident is remembered even today.
Importance of Durga Pooja
Special importance is given to women's power in India. That is why people call India Bharat Mata with their sentiment. The most important gods and goddesses in the world are in India. Maa Durga bestows a variety of powers on the entire planet. Maa Durga is seen as being more important than other deities as a result. The Durga Puja festival and the Navratri festival are more significant. This holiday is observed in accordance with the people's ability, location, tradition, and beliefs.
Nine nights are referred to as Navratri, and the tenth day, or the following day, is when Dussehra and Vijayadashami are observed. Durga Puja is indeed a unique event that lasts for nine days.
From Shashti to Dashami, they worship Durga Maa. On the final day, the Goddess Durga idol is submerged (Durga Puja Visarjan).
People believe that they get full blessings and new strength from Durga Puja and will stay away from negative influences and get a peaceful life. Everyone celebrates this festival by burning an effigy of Ravana and burning firecrackers.
All festivals have special importance in Hinduism, there is a special and social reason behind celebrating this festival. This celebration is held in order to obtain the strength necessary for destroying all the world's evils. The festival of Durga Puja is a symbol of immortality, vengeful forces, and tyranny.