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What is the full form of FAO


FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization

FAO stands for Food and Agriculture Organization; it is a specialized UN organization. FAO is in charge of managing global initiatives to end hunger and boost nutrition and food security. The organization's motto is Fiat Panis, which means "let there be bread" in Latin. It was established on October 16, 1945.

FAO Full Form

There are 195 members of the FAO. It has activities across more than 130 nations through regional and field offices. Its headquarters are in Rome, Italy. It facilitates the coordination of government and development agency initiatives to advance and develop forestry, fisheries, land and water resources, and agribusiness. It also conducts research, provides project-specific technical help, oversees efforts for education and training, and publishes statistics on agricultural development, output, and production.

A 49-person executive council is chosen by a biannual conference with representatives from all member nations and the European Union to run the FAO. The Director-General, who is currently China's Qu Dongyu, serves as the chief administrative officer. Finance, programs, agriculture, and fisheries are all governed by different committees.

History

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, David Lubin, an American agriculturalist and activist of Polish descent, was largely responsible for advancing the idea of an international organization for food and agriculture. The International Institute of Agriculture was founded by the King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, as a result of an international conference in Rome, Italy, in May-June 1905. The IIA was the first intergovernmental body to address global issues and agricultural difficulties. Its main function was to gather, collate, and publish agricultural data, including statistics on output and a list of crop diseases. The 1930 publication of the first agricultural census was one of its accomplishments.

World War II formally terminated the IIA. Franklin D. Roosevelt, the president of the United States, convened the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture in 1943, which took place from May 18 to June 3 at the Omni Homestead Resort in Hot Springs, Virginia, and was attended by delegates of 44 nations. Frank L. McDougall, an Australian economist of British descent who had long pushed for an international forum to address poverty and malnutrition, was the primary driving force behind the Conference.

Following the adoption of the Food and Agriculture Organization's Constitution in Quebec City, Canada, on October 16, 1945, the Conference's goal to create a permanent organization for food and agriculture was fulfilled. The FAO Conference's First Session was held in Quebec City's Château Frontenac from October 16-November 1, 1945. By a vote of its Permanent Committee on February 27, 1948, the IIA was formally dissolved following the war. Its responsibilities, resources, and mandate were then transferred to the newly formed FAO, which kept its main office in Rome, Italy.

The FAO's primary duties included supporting agricultural and nutrition research and giving member nations technical help to increase forestry, fisheries, and agriculture production. It began concentrating on initiatives to create high-yield grain strains, eliminate protein deficiencies, support rural jobs, and boost agricultural exports in the 1960s. The FAO identified the depletion of these resources as an urgent issue in 1961, and in 1967 it established a partnership with the International Biological Program. To do this, it collaborated with the UN General Assembly to establish the UN World Food Programme, the largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger and advancing food security.

In 1968, the FAO began what would eventually become the FAO Money and Medals Program. The organization produced collector art medals in several series to draw attention to FAO's objectives and activities. More than a hundred medal designs were released to the collecting public due to this effort. In 1998, the MMP released a medal to commemorate its 30th anniversary.

The FAO organized the first World Food Summit in 1974 in response to the famine in Africa to discuss global hunger, malnutrition, and food insecurity. During the summit, it was declared that "every man, woman, and child has the intrinsic right to be free from hunger and malnutrition to develop their physical and mental capacities" and that there should be an international effort to end these problems within ten years. A follow-up summit in 1996 addressed the problems with accomplishing this aim and created a strategic plan for eradicating hunger and malnutrition into the twenty-first century.

Priority Work Fields

  • Contribute to the end of hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition by fostering policies and political commitments that support food security and ensuring that current knowledge about the problems and solutions for hunger and nutrition is accessible.
  • Encourage the use of practices and policies supported by research to sustain highly productive agricultural sectors while ensuring that the natural resource base is not harmed. This will increase the productivity and sustainability of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries.
  • Reduce rural poverty by assisting the underprivileged in getting the resources and services they require, such as social protection and rural employment, to carve a route out of poverty.
  • Develop safe, effective food systems that promote smallholder agriculture and eradicate hunger and poverty in rural regions by enabling inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems.
  • By lowering risk, strengthening the resilience of food and agricultural systems will assist nations in being more prepared for calamities. This will make livelihoods more resistant to dangers and emergencies.
  • In those above strategic objective action plans, women and governance-two essential work areas-are thoroughly incorporated.

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