Difference between Herbivores and Carnivores
There are many species on planet earth that either live on plants or one another. We have often seen certain small animals living on the trees or under the shrubs. Such animals feed on the roots of the trees or small plants. They live in the plants to sustain themselves. Squirrels, birds, snakes, etc., live in these natural surroundings. Then comes the species of animals, those who reside either on the flesh of dead animals or kill other animals to sustain themselves. Such animals generally feed on the ones who live in the natural surroundings and eat plants. So, today we will be discussing about these kinds of animal species, i.e., herbivores and carnivores. Let us begin by understanding the primary meaning of these terms.
Herbivores are defined as the species of animals who feed on the plants for their survival. Due to their habit of feeding on plants, their mouth is adapted to grinding. The word herbivore has been taken from the Modern Latin word 'Herbivora' meaning 'plant-eating animal.' There are two other origins of this word, like from French and Latin. The major advantage of herbivore species is that the food is easily available from the environment they live in. they can easily find a plant and eat it. But sometimes this turns out to be a disadvantage, as the plants they eat are sometimes difficult to digest. Sometimes animals become easy to digest than plants. Herbivores only feed on plants. The herbivorous animals can be large-sized, medium-sized, or small-sized. The large-sized animals include buffalo, cows, etc.
The medium-sized animals include goats and sheep, who feed on natural vegetation. The small-sized animals include rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, etc. Well, it is interesting to note that humans are anatomically herbivores, yet they are listed as omnivores.
The animal species that feed on the meat/ flesh of other animals are called carnivores. They are also called as predators. They derive nutrition from the animal tissue. The common characteristics of carnivores are that they possess speed, strength, and the ability to hunt. The carnivorous animals have small digestive systems as animals are easily digested by them. Reptiles, amphibians, and mammals possess such digestive systems. Their hunting is quite precise, and they have an in-depth perception through which they can attack suddenly, resulting in the death of their prey. Carnivores are one of the important parts of the food chain. The word carnivore has been derived from the Latin word 'carni' and 'vorare,' meaning 'meat/ flesh' and 'devour.' Carnivores basically mean a meat-eater. Some of the dangerous carnivorous animals include hawks, mountain lions, wolves, eagles, red fox, bobcats, etc. Such animals are not found in plains or sanctuaries. They are found in the mountain regions. Now, let us discuss the major contrasting points between herbivores and carnivores.
So, these are some of the contrasting points between herbivores and carnivores. Both herbivores and carnivores are essential parts of the food chain. Well, there are different types of herbivores and carnivores species. So, let us discuss them in detail.
Types of Herbivores
Types of Carnivores
There are two significant kinds of carnivores. They are.
So, these are the significant types of herbivores and carnivores. Both of them are essential for each other's survival. Moreover, they contribute a lot to flora and fauna of the earth. They help in maintaining the food chain. Thus, both herbivores and carnivores are important parts of nature.