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HTML Definition

The collection of markup symbols or codes entered into a file to be displayed on the Internet is known as Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML). The markup instructs web browsers to display the text and pictures on a web page.

HTML Definition

HTML determines the web page's structure, and an interactive web page cannot be created using just this framework. So, to create your HTML appealing and add interactivity, you'll need assisting technologies like JavaScript and CSS.

HTML Definition

Hypertext: Hypertext is the text arranged to link similar elements (sometimes with embeds like images, too).

Markup: It is a style manual for typesetting anything that will be printed, whether in hardcopy or digital form.

Language: The language which a computer system utilizes to comprehend orders is known as language.

  • Hyper Text Markup Language is referred to as HTML.
  • The most used markup language for making Web pages is HTML.
  • A Web page's structure is described in HTML.
  • HTML is made up of several components.
  • HTML components determine the content's presentation in the browser.
  • The labels "this is a header," "this is a paragraph," "this is a link," etc., are provided by HTML elements.
HTML Definition

There are several uses for HTML, including:

  1. Web development: HTML code is used by developers to control how browsers display text, hyperlinks, and file types.
  2. Internet navigation: As HTML is widely used to include hyperlinks, users may easily explore and insert connections between relevant pages and websites.
  3. Web-based instruction: HTML allows for document organization and formatting, like Microsoft Word.

HTML cannot provide dynamic functionality, so it is not regarded as a programming language and is currently regarded as a recognized web standard. The HTML standards are developed and updated often by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

Hypertext Markup Language Fundamentals

HTML is just a set of shortcodes entered into a text file. An HTML text file is saved, and a web browser is used to see it. Following the author's instructions for writing the codes that result in visible representation, the browser examines the file and converts the content into a visual form.

HTML Definition

While writing HTML, tags must be utilized appropriately to convey the author's intent. These tags power the capabilities of HTML, and tags distinguish normal text and HTML code. The words included within angular brackets (<>) are called tags, enabling the appearance of graphics, pictures, and tables on the website.

Various tags have different purposes. JavaScript and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) applications may be employed when web interfaces need to be made more dynamic. Web pages are made more powerful and accessible by CSS and JavaScript, respectively.

HTMLBasic Elements

An HTML element is a component within a tag that can contain name-value combinations known as attributes. A text file is additionally marked with HTML content specifying how the page should be presented. A unique, distinctive HTML syntax is maintained to show the markup different from the HTML file's real content. These unique elements are referred to as HTML tags.

HTML Definition

There are always starting tags, middle content, and closing tags for HTML components. The opening tag contains attributes that can provide the element with further details. There are two methods to characterize an element:

HTML Definition
  • The document's block-level elements begin on a new line and occupy space, and paragraphs and headings tags are a few examples of these components.
  • Inline elements contain things like text format tags and hyperlinks. Typically, the contents of these components are formatted at the block level. In the document, inline elements occupy the required space and do not begin on a new line.


Like keywords, HTML tags specify how a web browser will structure and display the text. Using tags, a browser can differentiate between plain text and HTML content. The opening tag, content, and closing tag are the three essential components of an HTML tag. Yet, certain HTML tags are not closed.

HTML Definition

A web browser views an HTML document from left to right and top to bottom. To generate HTML documents and display their characteristics, HTML tags are employed. Every HTML tag has a unique set of features.

A web browser needs a few basic tags in an HTML file to distinguish between ordinary text and HTML text. According to the needs of your code, you may incorporate as many tags as you like.

  • All HTML tags must be wrapped inside angular brackets (< >).
  • In HTML, every tag has a specific function.
  • If you have already used an open tag <tag>, you have to add a close tag </tag> after using it (except for some tags).

Common HTML Tags

The layout of a page is determined by its HTML tags, which also specify how each element will be seen in the browser. HTML tags that are often used include:

  • <h1>, a top-level heading description
  • <h2>, a second-level heading description
  • <p>, a paragraph tag
  • <table>, tabular data tag
  • <ol>, ordered list information tag
  • <ul>, unordered list information tag
HTML Definition

As previously indicated, the information they enhance is surrounded by opening and closing tags.

  • A starting tag has the following format: <p>.

The same rules apply to closing tags, except they include a backslash to signify that the provided HTML element has ended.

  • The closing tag is written as </p>.

HTML Attributes

HTML Definition
  • HTML tags can also accept something known as attributes. These properties, which include style, ids, and classes, are added to the opening tag.
  • They accept values that provide more details about the element and enable JavaScript styling and manipulation.
  • HTML attributes are specialized terms that offer further details about the components or act as a modifier for HTML elements.
  • Each component or tag may contain attributes that specify how the element will behave.
  • The start tag should always be used when applying attributes.
  • The name and value pair for the attribute must always be utilized when applying attributes.
    HTML Definition
  • It is advised to write the attribute's names and values exclusively in lowercase since they are case-sensitive.
  • One HTML element can add several attributes, but there must be space between each attribute addition.

Using and Implementing HTML

As HTML is entirely text-based, it is possible to modify an HTML file by opening it in an application like Notepad++, Vi, or Emacs. An HTML file may be created or edited in any text editor, and as long as it has a ".html" file extension, any web browser, including Chrome or Firefox, can view the file as a webpage.

HTML Definition

There are several WYSIWYG "what you see is what you get" editors available for use by professional software developers to create web pages. WYSIWYG editors are offered as plugins or standard components by NetBeans, IntelliJ, Eclipse, and Microsoft's Visual Studio, making HTML very simple to use and implement.

Although contemporary online browsers sometimes come with web developer plugins that show issues with Html documents, such as a blank ending tag or syntax that doesn't produce well-formed HTML, these WYSIWYG editors also offer HTML debugging capabilities.

Both Chrome and Firefox come with HTML developer features that let you immediately examine a webpage's whole HTML file, edit HTML while browsing, and update HTML while the browser is open.

CSS, HTML, and JavaScript

Although it may be used to build webpages, HTML has several restrictions regarding completely responsive elements. As a result, adding text components and organizing them inside a website should be the primary uses for HTML. Combining HTML with CSS and JavaScript enables more complicated functionalities (JS).

HTML Definition

An HTML file can have a link to a cascading style sheet (CSS)or JS file, often at the top of the page with a defined file path, that contains information on the display of HTML elements, including the colors and fonts to use. Moreover, JavaScript enables website designers to incorporate more dynamic features like pop-up windows and image sliders. Tags known as class attributes are employed to link HTML components to their matching CSS or JS elements.

The same fundamental approach is used with JS sheets but with different functionality. For example, a user may add code to the CSS file with a class property that makes text red if they want a specific quantity of text to be that color. Finally, they may add the same class property to all of the text in the HTML page that they wish to be red.

Difference Between HTML and HTML5

There were 18 tags in the original HTML, and since then, more tags and properties have been introduced to the markup with each subsequent edition.

HTML Definition

HTML5 includes new types of form controls, which is the primary distinction (difference) between HTML and HTML5. Also, HTML5 added several semantic elements like "article," "header," and "footer" that precisely define the content.


Unlike HTML, Extensible Markup Language, or XML, enables users to customize their markup.

HTML Definition

Just one predetermined tag can be used in HTML to indicate certain data. As XML documents only include syntax and content, they are designed to be simple to read and contain user-defined tags.

Benefits and drawbacks of HTML

The following are some benefits of utilizing HTML:

HTML Definition
  • It is widely used and a complete source of data.
  • It runs natively on all browsers.
  • It is rather simple to learn.
  • It has a clear and reliable source code.
  • It is free to use and open source.
  • It is compatible with different backend programming languages, including PHP.

A few drawbacks to take into account are:

HTML Definition
  • It is mostly used for static web pages and does not have a lot of dynamic capability.
  • Even though they share similar parts, each component must be designed independently.
  • Browser behavior can be inconsistent. For example, newer features might not work with outdated browsers.

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