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What is the full form of IED


IED : Improvised Explosive Device

IED stands for Improvised explosive device. It is a type of unconventional explosive weapon that can be activated in different ways and can be of any form. It is constructed and deployed in an improvised manner different from conventional military action. It is commonly used as roadside bombs.

IED Full Form

It is mostly used by the terrorists and various other such groups that want to cause destruction and kill people to fulfil their illegal motives. For example, Suicide bombers or Person Borne IED (PBIED) also hide IED in under their clothing to carry out an explosion or to kill a target. Besides, this to cause significant damage or destruction, Vehicle Borne IED (VBIED) is used. It uses a vehicle to carry a large amount of explosive to a target. IEDs are used by insurgent groups in Afghanistan and by Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka.

IED can be detected in different ways. One of the ways to detect an IED is a novel detection and localization method. It detects IED based on the magnetic signals. Most of the IEDs have the ferromagnetic properties that produce a magnetic field that can be detected by 3-axis fluxgate sensor array system.

Characteristics of an IED:

  • It can take any form and can be as small as a 2-inch long pipe bomb and as large as a truck.
  • It mainly comprises four components; a power supply, an initiator, an explosive and a switch.
  • It can be a homemade explosive (HME), commercial explosive or military-grade or a combination of these types.
  • It can be controlled with a remote using wifi, Bluetooth, radio, etc.
  • It can be of different designs and may contain different types of initiators, penetrators, detonators, and explosive loads.
  • It may be packed with nails, ball bearings and small rocks to cause more damage and deaths.

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