What is the full form of IPI
IPI: International Press Institute
IPI stands for International Press Institute. It is a global organization established to promote and protect the freedom of the press and improve the journalism practices. It was founded in October 1950 and has members in more than 120 countries. Its members mainly include editors, journalists and media executives. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria and has an executive board to oversee the finances and activities of IPI and help in implementing its strategies. As of 2016, John Yearwood is head of the executive board of IPI.
- Monitors media development and press freedom violations
- Advocacy to prevent press freedom violations
- Coordinates with journalists to identify press freedom concerns and fight them
- Coordinates with governments and state officials to address press freedom concerns
- Suggests necessary legislative changes to legislators
- In October 1950, after the Second World War, 34 leading editors from different countries gathered at Columbia University to form a global organization to promote and protect press freedom. They formed the organization and named it the International Press Institute. The secretariat was established at Zurich in 1951.
- In the 1960s, it started projects in 32 countries and journalists were welcomed as members for the first time.
- In 1976, it was nominated for the Nobel Prize for its "work for understanding and peace among nations". In the same year, its Secretariat was relocated from Zurich to London.
- In 1986, the IPI members issued the Vienna Resolutions to fight the global threats to press freedom.
- 1n 1992, it shifted its headquarters from London to Vienna.
- In 1997, the IPI?s first Free Media Pioneer Award was awarded to Russia's NTV.
- In 2006, it received the News and Documentary Emmy Award for the press freedom work (2006).
- In 2011, Israeli-Palestinian Dialogue Forum contributed to peace by bringing together journalists.