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IPS - Indian Police Service

IPS - Indian Police Service

The Full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service, which is one of the three All India Services. Although it provides commanders for higher-ranking positions in state police and the Central Armed Police Forces, IPS is not a security force (CAPF). IPS officials in India have a lot of responsibilities and also receive a lot of perks. Because they are members of an all-India service, IPS officers can work for both the central government and the states.

IPS - Indian Police Service


Indian Police Service (IPS) officers serve as senior leaders in police forces across the country, both in the states and nationally. The Indian Police Service's Legacy (IPS) started during British rule in India, it was then known as the Indian (Imperial) Police. In 1948, a year after India obtained independence from Britain, the Indian (Imperial) Police were replaced by the Indian Police Service. Under Article 312 of the Indian Constitution, the Indian Police Service (IPS) was founded as one of the three All India Services in 1950.

About IPS Training

The Indian Police Service is well-known in India. It is one of three all-India services available in the country. After passing the UPSC civil services exam, one can join the IPS and work as a police officer. Before entering the service, a recruit receives training.

The training provided to IPS recruits is divided into four parts:

  1. Three-month Foundation Course: Mussoorie, LBSNAA
  2. Phase I training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad (Basic Course - 11 months).
  3. Practical Training in the District (6 months): in the respective cadre
  4. Phase II training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad (1 month)

The foundation training is held at the LSBNAA, where all civil service recruits attend. After that, students continue to phase I of the training. The Foundation Course is another name for it. It is held at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in Hyderabad (SVPNPA or simply NPA).

The basic course's principal purpose is to prepare probationers to deal with the specific difficulties they may encounter in the field. The basic course's goals are to:

  • Increase capacity through a matrix of sensitization, orientation, and competency.
  • Disseminate expert knowledge and understanding.
  • Enhance the professional, organizational, and community-building abilities.
  • Human values, appropriate attitudes, and appropriate behaviour in professional and personal life are still nurtured with sensitivity.
  • Personality development (character, self-discipline, habits, soft skills, norms, etiquette, values, etc.).
  • Promote probationers to positions of leadership in police stations and districts.

The following are the topics covered in the fundamental course:

Indoor Subjects Required for IPS:

  1. The Indian Police Force in Modern Times
  2. 1872 Indian Evidence Act
  3. The Indian Penal Code, enacted in 1860.
  4. 1973 Code of Criminal Procedure
  5. Special Regulations
  6. Criminology and crime prevention
  7. Forensic Medicine
  8. Investigation
  9. Forensic Science is a branch of forensic science that deals with the investigation (Theory and Practicals)
  10. Maintenance of Public Order and Peace
  11. Internal Safety and Security
  12. Management and Leadership in the Police Force
  13. Human Rights and Ethics

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is number 14 on the list.

Indoor subjects that are required:

  1. Physical Fitness (PT, athletics, gymnasium, sports, cross country races up to 20 km)
  2. Perform a drill
  3. Yoga
  4. Weapons-free combat
  5. Swimming
  6. Number seven is equitation (horse riding)
  7. First Aid and ambulance drill

Subjects for IPS training that are optional:

  1. Telecommunications and control room operations in the police force
  2. Hindi
  3. Regional dialects (depending on the cadre)
  4. Driving and Motor Mechanisms

An IPS Officer's Physique

The IPS exam has the same eligibility requirements as other services, but there are some physical requirements that IPS officers must meet. After passing the civil services exam and being assigned to the IPS according to his rank, the candidate must pass the required physical exams to be eligible to serve as a police officer. The following are some of the unique physical requirements for IPS. They're also subject to change based on UPSC announcements.

  • Height: Men must be at least 165 centimetres tall, while women must be at least 150 centimetres tall (relaxation for men up to 160 and women up to 145 for those belonging to ST and caste such as Gorkhas, Garhwal, Assamese, Kumaonis, Nagaland Tribals, etc.)
  • Chest: Men must have a fully expanded chest of 84 cm, while women must have a fully expanded chest of 79 cm.
  • Vision: Total myopia (including the cylinder) and total hypermetropia (including the cylinder) should not be greater than minus 4.00 D and 4.00 D, respectively. If you have a squint, you may be disqualified. Although spectacles are permitted, a high level of color vision and binocular vision is required.

Which IPS exam should you take to get into IPS?

To join the Indian Police Service (IPS), you must pass the Union Public Service Commission's (UPSC) Civil Services Exam (CSE). The UPSC conducts the Civil Service Exam (CSE) to select candidates for various services, including IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc.

Candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 32 to sit for the exam. The age limit for applicants from the OBC, SC, and ST groups has been relaxed. For taking the civil service exam the candidate must have a graduation degree in any field. The Civil Services Exam is divided into three stages: Preliminary, Mains, and Interview. The next day will be a medical test following the UPS interview. The Indian Police Service is technical, and candidates who do not satisfy the minimum height and chest girth requirements would be rejected.

How many numbers of IPS officers are in India?

The Indian Police Service Officers have a total authorized strength of only 4802. Many positions remain empty among the permitted strength.

It implies that if you join the Indian Police Service, you will be in an unrivalled position. You'll join a high leadership group with the ability to command a variety of police forces.

Is there any other method to enter into IPS other than UPSC CSE?

There are three ways to join the Indian Police Service at the moment. Some of them are as follows:

  1. Through the Civil Services Examination of the Union Public Service Commission.
  2. Limited Competitive Examination of the Union Public Service Commission (very rarely conducted).
  3. Officers of the State Police Service are appointed by promotion (using promotions from state police). A few state police officers can be promoted to the rank of IPS based on their experience and a strong track record.

Civil Services and IPS Exams

The full form of (CSE) is Civil Services Examination. It is one of the most popular tests organized by the Union Public Service Commission. UPSC holds this exam to recruit candidates for roughly 24 top government jobs, which includes IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc.

Following are the three stages of the UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE):

  1. The Preliminary Exam (objective)
  2. The Main Exam (written)
  3. Conduct an interview (personality test)

The examination process hardly takes 10-12 months (usually from June month to June month next year when the results are announced).

Explanation of all the levels of exam:

1. Preliminary Assessment

The preliminary exam takes place in the month of May-June, and the results are announced in July-August. The Preliminary Examination will be made up of two objective types (multiple choice) examinations for 400 points. Only applicants who pass the Commission's Preliminary Examination in the year will be allowed to take the Main Examination. Alternatively, students must meet some other set of qualifying criteria for entrance to the Main Examination. However, the aspirant's performance in the preliminary examination is not considered in the final selection procedure.

2. The Main Exam

The main examination takes place in October-November, and those who pass this level are subsequently invited to do a personality test. The number of attempts candidates allowed to attempt the main examination depends on their category such as general, SC, OBC, etc. The Main Examination usually consists of nine papers, all of which are extended essay/subjective type questions. They examine your general knowledge, as well as, of course, your writing skills and approach toward the subject.

3. Personality Test/Interview

Following the announcement of the mains exam results, those who have passed the mains exams are invited to take a personality test with the officials in March and April. The number of individuals invited for an interview is about double the number of positions the government intends to fill. It has a point value of 275. The marks obtained in both the mains and the interview will ultimately determine whether or not an applicant is hired for the position.

Following the completion of the procedure and the announcement of the results, the selected applicants are sent to their training program for a suitable orientation to their profession and to gain experience. Following that, candidates are assigned to various disciplines based on their performance in the civil service examination and their choices when applying for the position of Indian Police Officer.

IPS Salary

An IPS official's remuneration is nearly identical to that of an IAS officer, with just slight changes. The lowest-ranking IPS officer (ASP rank) is paid Rs.56100, while the highest-ranking officer (DGP) is paid Rs.2,25,000. In addition to the basic wage, allowances such as DA and TA are offered.

Officers in the Indian Police Service are eligible for wage increases and promotions throughout their careers. Promotions are made after evaluating the officer's performance based on Annual Performance Appraisal Reports, Vigilance Clearance, and a review of the officer's overall record.

About Responsibilities

  • An IPS (Indian Police Service) officer fulfills their duties by preserving public safety.
  • IPS Officers work for both the state and the federal government. Their major responsibility is to protect public order.
  • At the district level, the IPS prioritises maintaining peace and order, which is a shared responsibility of IPS and IAS officers; detecting and preventing crime; and traffic control, drug prevention, accident prevention and management among other things.
  • The Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), the Intelligence Bureau (IB), the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), and the Criminal Investigation Department (CID), as well as Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all states and union territories, are their primary responsibilities.

How does anyone can qualify for the IPS Exam?

If you are applying for the IPS Exam, you must meet all of the eligibility requirements. If you are filling the application form, it does not show the guarantee that you will take this exam. As a result, there is no room for deception.

There are a few most important points to consider while taking the IPS Exam:

  • The CSE is India's most popular competitive test administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The UPSC test is given the opportunity every year to choose officers for the Indian Police Service (IPS), the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), the Indian Police Service (IPS), and the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) (IRS).
  • The public sector, the preliminary exam consists of a set of multiple-choice questions that assess a candidate's general knowledge and aptitude.
  • The mains exam is a subjective paper used to assess a candidate's performance and a personality test.
  • The UPSC (IPS Exam) takes a whole 1-year procedure for completing this exam because this is the big process which includes from the announcement of the preliminary examination test dates to the announcement of the UPSC results, after that, candidates who pass the UPSC Exam or the IPS Exam are given training programs.

Maximum Age Limit

With effect from 2015, the UPSC Civil Service Examination revised the upper age limit and the number of attempts for applicants. The upper age limit will be:

  • 37 years for SC/ST applicants with an unlimited number of attempts
  • 35 years for OBC, with nine tries
  • 32 years for the general category (unreserved)
  • Physically challenged candidates in the General, OBC, and SC/ST categories have 42, 45, and 47 years age limit, respectively, with nine attempts.

Number of attempts

  • General: 6 attempts
  • OBC: 9 attempts
  • SC/ST: unlimited number of attempts
  • Physically handicapped: 9 attempts for general and OBC, but unlimited for SC/ST


At any level, becoming a police officer is a difficult task. Being an IPS requires a lot of courage, but it doesn't come with glory. An IPS officer's brains and reflexes are frequently put to the test, requiring them to go without sleep for days at a time. IPS comes into contact with the worst and the best of society regularly.

While the IAS is a generalist agency, the IPS focuses solely on concerns of law and order, which gives them a broader scope to work with than most of us realize. A police officer's responsibilities could range from traffic control to enforcing legislation that governs commercial and civil life and protecting residents' lives and property.

Good interpersonal and people management abilities are vital for an IPS officer. Still, he should also make quick yet sensitive judgments about individuals and maintain his cool under pressure.

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