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What is the Full Form of ISBN

ISBN: International Standard Book Number

International Standard Book Number, which has thirteen digits, is the full name of the ISBN. Prior to 2006, ISBN numbers had ten digits; today they have thirteen digits. An ISBN number will be printed on every book that is offered for sale or free distribution, and it serves as the book's unique identification.

ISBN Full Form

What is an ISBN Number?

A product can be identified by its ISBN number, which is a special serial number. Publishers, book distributors, libraries, and online booksellers all use ISBN numbers for listing, sale records, and stock control.

Recognize the Basics of ISBN Numbers:

Any ISBN number consists of a total of five components.

  1. Prefix Elements: The three-digit prefix elements are found at the beginning of every ISBN number. There are just 978 or 979 now.
  2. Registration Group Element: This is useful for pinpointing the specific country or language that the book is from. Numbers in the Registration Group Element ranges from 1 to 5.
  3. The Registrant Element: It enables us to identify the book's publisher or publishing house. Up to seven digits can make up the Registrant Element.
  4. The Publication Element: It can have up to six numbers, and aids in identifying the special edition of the book's title.
  5. Check Digit: This is an ISBN number's last digit, and it only has one digit. This confirms the accuracy of the other ISBN number digits.

Who should apply for ISBN?

The applicant for the ISBN is always the book's publisher. The person or organisation in charge of starting the production of a publication is referred to as the publisher for ISBN purposes. In most cases, the person or entity that makes a product available also bears the associated costs and financial risk. However, if the author has chosen to self-publish their book, it may be the author rather than the printer.

What does an ISBN identify?

Any book made available to the public, whether it is offered for sale or is free, can be identified by its ISBN. It does not matter how the content is distributed and documented across the various media; however, each unique product form (such as paperback, EPUB, and PDF) needs to be identified separately.

How does an ISBN Work?

An ISBN is assigned to every publication of a book, except for reprints. A book's hardcover, paperback, and e-book editions will each have a unique ISBN. ISBNs had ten digits prior to 2007, but as of January 1, 2007, they contain thirteen digits.

The process of allocating an ISBN differs by nation, however it is mostly influenced by the size of that country's publishing market. In 1967, the first ISBN code was developed. The revised format was released by the ISO in 1970 under the designation ISO 2108.

SBN to ISBN conversion: add zero to the beginning of the nine-digit code. Privately published books can come without an ISBN. The International ISBN Agency, however, has the option of giving such works. Periodical publications, such as magazines, are given the International Standard Serial Number (ISSN), a distinctive identification, whilst musical works are given the International Standard Music Number (ISMN).

Prior to 2017, the ISBN had ten digits; however, starting on January 1, 2017, the ISBN contains thirteen digits. While 13-digit ISBNs include five parts, 10-digit ISBNs only have four parts.

Why are ISBN Numbers Used?

Book Publishers, Book Sellers, Libraries, and Online Book Suppliers all use the ISBN number to identify any product. It is incredibly simple to track bookselling statistics, book orders, book listings, and storage management using an ISBN number. For more information on ISBN numbers, you may also check out the organization's official website. David Whitaker of the United Kingdom established ISBN in 1967. He set up the ISBN, and he was also known as the ISBN's father.

How to get ISBN Number?

The publisher must contact the national ISBN agency of his nation to apply for an ISBN number. If you are an Indian publisher, you must contact the National ISBN Agency of India to obtain an ISBN number.

Benefits of ISBN Number

We already know what an ISBN is, how it functions, and how to obtain one. We shall now talk about the primary advantages of ISBN:

  1. Each monographic publishing house and publisher has a unique international identification code, or ISBN, which represents this. They may readily search through any of their book's thanks to this.
  2. The inclusion of ISBN digits on books makes it easier for any bookstore or online retailer to track sales. You may promote and distribute your publications more effectively with the aid of ISBN digits. You may link the most crucial details about your books using their ISBN numbers. Additionally, it aids in the collection of data that might be beneficial to you.
  3. It is quite simple to determine the publisher of records using the ISBN numbers on books. Your books will be listed in databases that booksellers and libraries use to find specific books with the aid of ISBN numbers.
  4. There is no need to obtain ISBN numbers if you do not plan to place your book in any bookstores or libraries.
  5. Any time a person wishes to publish a variety of publications, such as a hardcover, an e-book, or a paperback, then each book must have its own unique ISBN number.

How ISBNs are Issued?

Regardless of the language used in the book, the ISBN registration agency for each country or territory issues ISBNs for works that fall under its purview. The scale of the publishing sector in each nation determines the range of ISBNs that are allocated to those nations. The ranges of ISBN allocated to each country are thus determined by the quantity of books as well as the quantity, size, and active publishers. Government-run or non-governmental organisations, like suppliers of bibliographic data, may operate ISBN registration bureaus. The ISBN registration group identification is a 1-to-5-digit number that is valid inside a single prefix element, including 978 or 979, and can be separated using hyphens as in 978-1-. Identifiers for registration groups accept the 978-prefix element. The single-digit group identifiers for the 978-prefix element include:

  • 0 or 1 for English-speaking countries
  • Two for French-speaking countries
  • Three for German-speaking countries
  • Four for Japan
  • Five for Russian-speaking countries
  • Seven for Peoples Republic of China

For example, Bhutan uses 99836 as its 5-digit group identifier. Allocated group IDs include:

  • 05
  • 600622
  • 65
  • 7
  • 8094
  • 950989
  • 99209989, and
  • 9990199981

Rare language books frequently have lengthier group identifiers allocated to them. The ISBN reserves the right to use the registration group identification zero instead of the International Standard Music Numbers within the 979-prefix element (ISMNs). However, such works do not receive an ISBN. France, the Republic of Korea, and Italy have been given registration group identifiers 10, 11, and 12, respectively, under the prefix element 979. The 9-digit SBN lacked a registration group identifier, but by adding a zero at the beginning, it can be converted to a valid 10-digit ISBN.

What is the Registrant Element?

Publishers are given the registrant element and a selection of ISBNs included inside it by the country's ISBN agency. Each book published by the publisher receives an ISBN. Most bookshops only accept publications with ISBNs, even though most nations do not require publishers to assign them. For 1399 or US$1959, the International ISBN Agency offers books with over 900,000 allocated publisher codes. Publisher codes are available on the website of the ISBN agency for a fee.

Depending on their size, publishers receive a different amount of ISBN blocks. One digit for the publication element, multiple digits for the registrant element, and one or more digits for the registration group identification may be provided to a small publisher. After using up the current block of ISBNs, the publisher will get a new one. If all the registration elements in a group have been assigned, larger publishers may have multiple registrant elements or registration group identifiers. Variable block lengths are used by ISBN registration services to tailor each publisher's ISBN distribution. For instance, the agency might assign a large publisher a block of ISBNs with more publication elements and fewer digits for the registrant elements. Additionally, nations that have a large number of publication titles allocate fewer digits for the registration group identifier while allocating multiple allocations for the publication and registrant elements.

Interesting Facts About ISBN Numbers

The five elements of an ISBN number are separated, and each have a separate set of numbers. The largest retailer in Great Britain, WHSmith, established Standard Book Numbering (SBN) in 1967. At the time, it served as a method of synchronising the books in the most modern automated warehouse. The International ISBN agency is situated in London, United Kingdom. Additionally, this is a global authority for ISBN registration. Most libraries and bookstores will not sell or promote any of your books until they have an ISBN. There is initially no restriction on using ISBNs on books because they do not offer any form of copyright protection or legal protection. Few nations in the world have laws requiring books to have ISBN numbers so that the publishing houses can be found easily if needed.

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