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Java 7 JDBC Improvements

JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) provides universal data access from the Java programming language. You can access any data from database, spreadsheets or flat files by using JDBC.

In Java 7, Java has introduced the following features:

1) It provides the ability to use a try-with-resources statement to automatically close resources of type Connection, ResultSet, and Statement.

2) RowSet 1.1: The introduction of the RowSetFactory interface and the RowSetProvider class, which enable you to create all types of row sets supported by your JDBC driver.

RowSetFactory Interface

It defines the implementation of a factory that is used to obtain different types of RowSet.


RowSetFactory Interface Methods

Methods Description
CachedRowSet createCachedRowSet() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a FilteredRowSet. It throws SQLException, if a CachedRowSet cannot be created.
FilteredRowSet createFilteredRowSet() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a FilteredRowSet. It throws SQLException, if a FilteredRowSet cannot be created.
JdbcRowSet createJdbcRowSet() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a JdbcRowSet. It throws SQLException, if a JdbcRowSet cannot be created.
JoinRowSet createJoinRowSet() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a JoinRowSet. It throws SQLException, if a JoinRowSet cannot be created.
WebRowSet createWebRowSet() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a WebRowSet. It throws SQLException, if a WebRowSet cannot be created.

Java RowSetProvider Class

It is a factory API that helps to applications to get a RowSetFactory implementation that can be used to create different types of RowSet.

Methods Description
public static RowSetFactory newFactory() throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a RowSetFactory implementation. It throws SQLException, if the default factory class cannot be loaded or instantiated.
public static RowSetFactory newFactory(String factoryClassName, ClassLoader cl) throws SQLException It creates a new instance of a RowSetFactory from the specified factory class name. This function is useful when there are multiple providers in the classpath. It gives more control to the application as it can specify which provider should be loaded. It throws SQLException, if factoryClassName is null, or the factory class cannot be loaded.

JDBC Example: Mysql Connection by using Try-With-Resources

In the above example, we have used try-with-resources. It is used to close resources after completing try block. Now, you don't need to close database connection explicitly.

Make sure you are using JDBC version 4.0 or higher and Java version 1.6 or higher.


RowSet 1.1

In earlier versions of Java, you have created instances of JdbcRowSet, CachedRowSet, FilteredRowSet etc by using JdbcRowSetImpl class.

Now, Java 7 has added a new RowSet 1.1. So, you can create instance of JdbcRowSet by using RowSetFactory interface.


Java CachedRowSet

Itstores (caches) data into memory so that is can perform operations on its own data rather than data stored in the database. It can operate without being connected to its data source, that why, it is also known as disconnectedRowSet.

Java JDBC Example: CachedRowSet


Java JdbcRowSet

It is an improvedResultSet object which is used to maintain connection to a data source. It is similar to ResultSet, but the big difference is that it provides set of properties and listener like a JavaBeans.The main purpose of JdbcRowSet is to make a ResultSet scrollable and updatable.

In the following example, we are creating instance of JdbcRowSet by using new approach.

Java JdbcRowSet Example 1


Java JdbcRowSet Example: Updating Row

Output:

3  Neraj kumar  8562697858
3  Neraj Kumar Singh  8562697858
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