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Java program to insert a new node at the beginning of the singly linked list

In this program, we will create a singly linked list and add a new node at the beginning of the list. To accomplish this task, we will store head to a temporary node temp. Make newly added node as the new head of the list. Then, add temp (old head) after new head.

Java program to insert a new node at the beginning of the singly linked list

Consider the above list; node 1 represents the head of the original list. Let node New be the new node which needs to be added at the beginning of the list. Node temp will point to head, i.e., 1. Make New as the new head of the list and add temp after new head such that node next to New will be 1.

Algorithm

  • Create a class Node which has two attributes: data and next. Next is a pointer to the next node in the list.
  • Create another class InsertStart which has two attributes: head and tail.
  • addAtStart() will add a new node to the beginning of the list:
    • It first checks, whether the head is equal to null which means the list is empty.
    • If the list is empty, both head and tail will point to a newly added node.
    • If the list is not empty then, create temporary node temp will point to head.
    • Add the new node as head of the list.
    • Temp which was pointing to the old head will be added after the new head.

a. display() will display the nodes present in the list:

  • Define a node current which will initially point to the head of the list.
  • Traverse through the list till current points to null.
  • Display each node by making current to point to node next to it in each iteration.

Program:

Output:

Adding nodes to the start of the list: 
1 
Adding nodes to the start of the list: 
2 1 
Adding nodes to the start of the list: 
3 2 1 
Adding nodes to the start of the list: 
4 3 2 1 
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