The Latex symbols are widely used in different subjects over hundreds of categories. For every symbol, which is used either in mathematics or other subjects, a corresponding command is used. This topic will give you a detail idea and explanation of the symbols, and in which way, all the symbols can be used.
With the use of standard text, you can use any symbol. This method not only saves the efforts or time but also gives the convenience to focus more on the content without wasting much time on finding the symbols and then proceeding with the content.
Below is the list of the commands divided into the particular categories. The essential commands used all over are:
The symbol following the \ will be printed. The commands used for the particular symbol and special characters are given below:
Other popular commands are also given below in the table:
The miscellaneous symbols used are as follows:
The negations are formed by putting either \not before the symbol or \n before the command or word. The table for such commands is given below:
There are various arrows used for different purposes. The commands to use these common arrows are listed below:
2. General Punctuations
There are two types of quotes, namely, opening and closing quotes. The two known quotes are 'single quotes' and "double quotes."
The double-quotes are also produced by typing the single quotes twice. The double quote key of the computer keyboard can also be used.
In Latex. The commands can also be used for these quotes.
The command \lq can be used for the left quote and \rq to produce the right quote.
For example, the 'single quotes' will be written as: \lq single quotes \rq.
The "double quotes" will be written as: \lq\lq double quotes \rq\rq.
There are various types of dashes used for general purposes. The short dashes are used for hyphens, slightly long dashes and longer dashes used for parenthetical comments. All these dashes are formed using the single small dash. The single dash - produces hyphen in the output, the two dashes -- provides the longer dash ? and the three dashes --- produces the longest dash ? in the output.
For example, the topics discussed on page no. 45--50 of Volume 5--- are the equations.
We type lines of different lengths in a paragraph, but in the output, we get lines of equal length, as TEX aligns perfectly these lines to the right and left.
TEX assumes that every period, which is not following an upper case character, ends a line. But in some cases, it does not work. For example, Oranges has a significant content of Vitamin C. For this purpose, \@ is used before the period to produce extra space.
In Latex, you can use much space as it would not reflect in the output or when it compiles. If you put in four spaces, it will only see one at the output. If you put in seven empty lines then also it will be considered as one.
As Latex consider only one space if many are there, but it won't apply any space if there is no space available. For this purpose, you can use \newline command to generate the new line or the command '\,' which produces space at the output.
We use different types of accents over the letters to type foreign words in English.
The table for the accents is shown below:
The words i and j are special. The \i is used for i, and \j is used to produce j. But \i produces dot-less i as the output ?.